Phosphorus is an important element not only for humans, but also for some plants. I realized this when, on the advice of my grandmother, I began to feed the cucumbers in the garden with soup. It turned out to be the best fertilizer for seedlings of this crop. Such feeding accelerates the growth of the root system and increases the ripening of fruits. The costs for its preparation are minimal, but I harvest a third more harvest than before the moment when I did not water the cucumbers with fish soup. Don't believe me? Then try this method yourself. I share in detail how my grandmother taught to do. I fill the heads, fins, tails and bones of any fish with cold water and bring to a boil. As a rule, I take 600 g of heads and offal for 4 liters of water, cook for 1 hour over low heat. It is necessary that as much gluten as possible passes into the broth, so it should not boil too much, but languish. I don’t add salt and other spices, because I don’t cook fish soup for myself, but I do dressing for cucumbers. By the way, sometimes I leave the pot with fish soup on the stove for more than an hour.The longer you cook such a composition, the more phosphorus and useful minerals will be in the broth. Then I filter the ear, cool and water the cucumbers under the root with broth. After that, I loosen the soil so that a crust does not form. It is pleasant to observe the results of my labor: the seedlings are very quickly in use. Fish is rich in phosphorus - that's the whole secret of good cucumber growth. A fish head is practically not edible for humans, it consists only of gills and hard bones, but it is in this part that almost half of all fish phosphorus (40%) is located. For a penny, I buy a fish head and offal at the market, boil the fish soup and feed the cucumber seedlings once every 2 weeks to provide myself with a rich harvest. During watering, I try to pour the fish broth only under the root. If the ear gets on the surface of the seedlings, fish oil and gluten can clog the pores of the young leaves. I don’t throw fish residues out of the fish soup, I bury them in the soil next to the plants, they are also rich in nutrients and act as fertilizers. This method is suitable for those who want to have natural products grown without chemicals on their table. By the way, my grandmother said that cucumbers also respond well to yeast feeding, ash, chicken droppings, iodine solutions, baking soda are excellent natural fertilizers for them, but, regardless of the composition, I want to remind you that it is better to apply fertilizer on a warm day. Nutrients are poorly absorbed if you feed cucumber seedlings at temperatures below 10 degrees. The grandmother kept asking me to pay attention to this so that my labors would not be in vain. A peeling carried out on a cool day would be useless to the plant, said the grandmother, who knows a lot about gardening. And one more piece of advice from her: before you fertilize, you need to shed the plant. Alternatively, take advantage of the rain and the next day to fertilize. Phosphorus, for example, in arid land will not work to its fullest. But if you follow all the rules, then the feeding will be successful: there is every chance to grow juicy and tasty fruits. By the way, I also harvest fish waste outside the growing season of cucumbers, I just freeze them, and at the right time I cook fish soup from them. From this, the value of feeding does not deteriorate in any way. I confess that I am already doing this without my grandmother's intervention, but based on my own experience. Good harvests!
Cucumbers and other crops benefit from organic fertilizers only after they have completely decomposed. Potassium humate is the end result of the breakdown of natural substances, so it instantly saturates plants with minerals. In the cultivation of cucumbers, he found the following application:
Foliar feeding is of particular importance for cucumbers. Farmers have found that fertilization also provides nutrients to the roots of the weeds. If the leaves and stems of cucumbers are processed after weeding, only the grown crop will receive stimulation.
The drug is quickly absorbed by the roots and leaves of cucumbers
Acids must be dissolved in hot water, in their pure form, the use of Bor is unacceptable! The solution can be used not only as a fertilizer, but also as a powerful stimulant.
It is important to note that treatment can be done prior to sowing. Seeds soaked in solution for each crop should be followed for a specific treatment period. To begin with, the prepared solution in a liter of water is diluted with 0.2 g of acid. Duration of soaking in culture:
This preparation will accelerate growth. If you need to sow a large area of land and there are enough seeds, you can use this method: Boron is mixed in equal proportions with talc, and then the mixture is sprinkled with crops. To prevent the deficiency of micronutrients in plants, it is necessary to prepare a boron solution (a liter is enough for 1 sq. M.). The beds are watered with fertilizer, after which the soil is loosened and seeds are sown.
The solution is used for spraying the garden in the summer, for convenience, use a spray. Top dressing is carried out on both sides of the plant leaves. And fertilize only early in the morning or in the evening. It is impossible to cultivate the garden under the scorching sun!
To enhance plant growth and harvest, a couple of grams of manganese can be added to the boric solution.
Intensive or untimely treatment can harm crops and cause burns to young plants. To avoid this, water the garden with clean water before feeding.
It is also recommended to monitor the response of the plants to treat Boron. If, after the first feeding, their condition worsened, began to look bad, this fertilizer must be abandoned. However, the poor response to boron fertilizers may be due to inappropriate dosage of the composition elements. It is necessary to strictly follow the prescribed doses so as not to cause a negative reaction in the plants.
Fertilizer of this type has a lot of useful substances. If you use mullein as fertilizer for your cucumbers, then the first positive point is the intensive reproduction of beneficial microorganisms in the soil. The thing is that this organic substance has a source of energy and food for all microorganisms. The second point is that thanks to cow dung, the physical and physicochemical characteristics of the soil are significantly improved. This makes it easy to digest insoluble compounds in the soil.
In addition to everything, we want to note the property of the fertilizer to help create soil in the form of small lumps. It is this soil structure that is considered ideal for growing all kinds of plants. Why? Such lumps of soil become saturated with humus, and when you water the soil or it is raining, it is difficult to wash them out with water, they become durable. If you apply mullein to tough soil that has a lot of clay, the mullein will make it loose. After adding fertilizer, it will be easier to process, and it will warm up better and faster. This has a positive effect on both the development of the cucumber and its harvest.
However, before we start feeding cucumbers with a mullein, let's look at the varieties of this fertilizer and how to prepare it. Thanks to this, you will not have any problems with the feeding process itself.
The second stage of fertilizing at the summer cottage begins with the arrival of autumn. At this time, trace elements are mixed with soil components and feed the plants gradually, over the next 6-8 months. The soil becomes more fertile, since the accumulation of the necessary substances in it is more active. Therefore, autumn feeding with manure is considered more useful than spring fertilization. The following plants are commonly fertilized at this time of year:
Cucumbers, like any plants, need nutrients and trace elements, such as
The most necessary among them are potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus.
The lack of certain macro and microelements is very easy to determine by the appearance of the bushes and cucumber fruits (they become crooked, bitter, empty).
At each stage of development of cucumbers, different substances are needed, therefore, the feeding should be different.
Wood ash contains about 30 minerals in an accessible form, which are necessary for the proper development of plants. At the same time, there is no chlorine in such a valuable fertilizer, so it is recommended to use ash for feeding plants that react negatively to this element: strawberries, raspberries, currants, potatoes. Also, all pumpkin seeds, cabbage, beets, tomatoes and cucumbers respond well to the introduction of wood ash.
But keep in mind: plants that like acidic soil (for example, blueberries, cranberries, lingonberries, azalea, camellia, rhododendron) cannot tolerate ash.
Ash is stove (from burnt wood) and vegetable ash. Ash from firewood and logs, which are free of mold and various impurities from burning plastic film, synthetics, rubber, colored paper, etc., is considered environmentally friendly and suitable for use as fertilizer. Of the tree species, potassium is most contained in the ash of deciduous crops, especially birch. It is recommended to use it as a fertilizer for the garden.
Also valuable ash is obtained by burning herbaceous plants such as sunflower and buckwheat. They contain up to 36% potassium oxide. And the least potassium and phosphorus in peat ash, but there is a lot of calcium.
Firewood and plant residues are best burned in a large iron box with high walls to prevent the ash from being blown away by the wind.
Do not feed with wood ash obtained from the incineration of household waste.
After burning wood or plants, the ash is collected and stored in a dry place in a wooden box with a tight sealed lid. Plastic bags for storing ash are not suitable as moisture condenses in them.
Wood ash is used in dry and liquid form. In the first case, the ash is simply embedded in the soil as fertilizer, and in the second, ash infusions and solutions are prepared from it.
How to prepare ash solution
In order not to harm the plants, but to help them develop correctly, you need to know how to dilute ash for feeding. This is not at all difficult to do: 1 glass of ash should be stirred in a bucket (10 L) of water. Plants are usually watered with this liquid at the root instead of industrial mineral fertilizer. Before use, the resulting solution must be thoroughly shaken out, as a precipitate forms in it.
How to prepare an infusion of ash
Ashes can be infused to prepare nutritional benefits for plants. To do this, the bucket is 1/3 filled with ash, it is poured with hot water to the very edges and insisted for two days. After that, the infusion is filtered and used for root feeding or spraying of horticultural crops.
You need to spray the plants in the evening in calm weather. Such processing can be done 2-3 times a month.
Foliar top dressing with ash
Foliar feeding can be carried out not only with ash infusion, but also with a decoction. To do this, sift 300 g of ash, pour boiling water and boil for 25-30 minutes. Then the broth is cooled, filtered and diluted with 10 liters of water. To make the dressing better adhere to the leaves, you need to add 40-50 g of laundry soap to it.
Spraying with ash broth helps protect crops from diseases and pests, in particular from wireworms, aphids, cruciferous fleas, nematodes, slugs, and snails.
Using ash in the garden
When feeding vegetables with ash, the first step is to take into account the acidity level of the soil. Alkaline soil is not fertilized with ash, because this will lead to even more alkalization. But the introduction of ash into an acidic earth makes its reaction close to neutral.
Feeding seedlings with ash
To accelerate the growth of seedlings, it must be pollinated with a thin layer of ash every 8-10 days. This procedure will also protect the plants from pests. When 2-3 true leaves appear on the plants, they should be powdered with a mixture of ash and tobacco dust (in equal proportions). This will scare away the cabbage fly, cruciferous flea, and other insects from the seedlings.
Also, when planting seedlings in the ground, 1-2 tablespoons must be added to each hole. dry ash. This fertilization will fertilize the soil and help the plants to take root better.
Ash as fertilizer
Ash can also be scattered around the plants and in the aisles.
Feeding ash plants in a greenhouse
The ash solution is most often used for watering vegetables (primarily cucumbers) grown in a greenhouse. In protected ground, root dressing is usually carried out: 0.5-1 liters of liquid ash fertilizer are consumed per plant.
Feeding cucumbers with ash
Cucumbers are especially deficient in potassium and calcium during the period of ovary formation. Therefore, in order to improve the ripening of the fruits, at the beginning of flowering, the plants are watered with an infusion of ash (0.5 liters for each bush). Top dressing is repeated every 10 days.
Cucumbers grown in the open field are additionally fed by the foliar method: they are sprayed with an ash broth so that the entire leaf plate is covered with a gray bloom. During the period of active growth and budding, 3-4 fertilizing is carried out per month.
Top dressing with ash tomato and peppers
When growing tomatoes and peppers, during digging of the soil, 3 glasses of ash per 1 square meter are introduced, and when planting seedlings of these crops - a handful in each hole. Also, ash can be applied under peppers and tomatoes throughout the growing season. Before each watering, the soil under the bushes is sprinkled with ash, and after moistening the soil is loosened.
Top dressing with onion and garlic ash
Under onions and garlic, during autumn digging, 2 glasses of ash per square meter are introduced into the soil, and in spring - 1 glass per square meter. These crops are prone to root rot, and the introduction of wood ash into the ground prevents the growth of putrefactive bacteria.
Also, onions and garlic can be fed with infusion of ash under the root or watered with grooves. But this is done no more than three times per season.
Feeding potatoes with ash
When planting potatoes, 2 tablespoons are added under the tuber in each hole. ash. When digging the soil, use 1 glass of ash per sq. M. During the growing season, at the first hilling of potatoes, 1-2 tablespoons are introduced under each bush. ash, and with the second hilling (at the beginning of budding), the rate is increased to 1/2 cup under a bush. It is also useful to spray potatoes over the leaves with ash broth.
Dusting potatoes with ash
Ash can be sprinkled with potato tubers themselves during planting - this will protect them from wireworm
Feeding cabbage with ash
Under cabbage of different types, 1-2 glasses of ash per square meter are added when digging, and when planting seedlings - a handful in each hole. And the ash perfectly protects the representatives of the Cruciferous family from pests: the plants are sprayed with infusion over the leaves. The number of treatments depends on the weather conditions: if it rains, the leaves need to be pollinated more often.
Top dressing with ashes of carrots and beets
Before sowing these crops, 1 glass of ash per sq.m. is embedded in the soil. After sprouting, it is necessary to sprinkle the carrot and beet beds with ash once a week before watering the plants.
Feeding zucchini with ash
1 glass of ash per 1 square meter is introduced under the zucchini during the digging of the soil, 1-2 tbsp.- in each hole when planting seedlings, and on depleted soils during the growing season, plants are additionally fertilized during watering: use 1 glass of ash per sq.m.
The use of ash in the garden
With the help of wood ash, trees and shrubs can be protected from diseases and pests, such as powdery mildew, kidney mites, moths, cherry sawfly, etc. For this, plants are sprayed with a decoction prepared according to the same recipe as for foliar dressing of vegetables. Do this in the evening in calm weather.
Ash is also good as a fertilizer that stimulates plant growth and improves their immunity.
Feeding strawberries with ash
Strawberries (garden strawberries) are sprinkled with sifted ash at the rate of 10-15 g per bush immediately after flowering. This prevents the spread of gray mold. If this procedure has to be repeated, then the ash is consumed in half.
Garden strawberries, fed with ash fertilizer, give a greater number of flower stalks and, accordingly, berries.
Fertilizing strawberries with ash
Dry ash also protects garden strawberries from pests
Top dressing of grapes with ash
The grapes are fed 3-4 times per season: a decoction of ash is sprayed onto the leaves of plants after sunset. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that all sheet plates are evenly covered with it.
However, the grape vines themselves can be a good top dressing. In autumn, after the end of fruiting, all cut off shoots (they must be absolutely healthy) are burned. The resulting ash (1 kg) is poured with 3 buckets of water and allowed to brew. The resulting product is stored in a cool place for no longer than a month, stirring occasionally. Before use, the infusion is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 and shavings of laundry soap are added there.
Feeding with ash trees and bushes
When planting seedlings of fruit trees and shrubs into the soil to a depth of 8-10 cm, 100-150 g of ash per 1 sq.m. are sealed. Such feeding contributes to the rapid adaptation of plants to new conditions and the early development of the root system.
Adult trees and shrubs are fed with ash every 4 years: about 2 kg of ash are added to each trunk circle.
Spraying the bush
In order to prevent diseases and pests, it is useful to spray fruit and berry plants with ash infusion on the leaves
Feeding flowers with ash
Ash fertilizer is especially useful for roses, lilies, clematis, gladioli and peonies. When planting seedlings of flower crops, 5-10 g of ash are laid out in each hole.
Flowers that have been attacked by pests are evenly powdered with ash infusion (with the addition of soap). Do this in the morning in calm weather in the dew or after rain. During drought, plants can be sprayed with room temperature water before treatment.
Now you know how to prepare top dressing from ash and how to use it correctly in the garden, garden and flower garden. This organic fertilizer is not only good for plants, but also safe for people and pets.