Amaryllis bulbs and how to store them


Houseplants

Do you know for sure which flower grows on your windowsill: amaryllis or hippeastrum? Will you be able to distinguish when buying a bulb of these plants?
The confusion arose due to the fact that most varieties of hippeastrum came from crossing it with amaryllis, and besides, both of these plants belong to the Amaryllis family, therefore, both hippeastrum and amaryllis itself are commonly called amaryllis.
However, despite the strong similarity, they are still two different plants. From the article on our website you will learn:

  • what are the differences between hippeastrum and amaryllis bulbs;
  • how to care for the planting material of both plants;
  • how to store bulbs and prepare them for planting.

Modern florists will not be frightened by difficulties, because lovers of garden bulbous flowers undertake to grow not only traditional tulips, lilies or daffodils. They are not afraid to plant such truly exotic flowers as amaryllis or hippeastrum, which attract with luxurious, incredibly bright colors of large flowers of amazing shape. However, you need to clarify right away: almost all the beautiful flowers that we grow or buy under the name amaryllis are actually hippeastrum or hybrids of hippeastrum and amaryllis.

These flowers, unlike most bulbous ones, bloom in August-September, but growers are attracted by the possibility of forcing and blooming of these flowers at other times of the year.

Amaryllis Belladonna

The only representative of the genus Amaryllis is amaryllis belladonna, an unusual flower native to South Africa, from the Cape of Good Hope, so growing it outdoors is possible only in areas with a mild climate. If amaryllis develops according to its natural pattern, then it should bloom in the fall, and for this you need to plant the bulbs in the ground in June. How to plant amaryllis.

For amaryllis planted in open ground, light, constant heat and the required level of humidity are very important conditions, therefore, a plot on the south side of buildings is suitable for them.

The amaryllis bulb has a pear-shaped or fusiform shape, it is quite large in size. Even two flower arrows can produce the largest bulbs. Each of them blooms from 6 to 12 flowers. Amaryllis are usually red, pink, or white in color.

The average diameter of the amaryllis bulb is about 6 cm. However, there are breeding specimens, the size of which reaches 20 cm.

The amaryllis bulb is covered with dry gray scales. In the sinuses of the outer scales, from 1 to 4 children are formed annually. They are the planting material for the reproduction of amaryllis: during the transplantation of an adult plant, the children are separated along with the roots, then they are planted in a pot for growing. Such a baby bulb, as a rule, blooms for 3-4 years of growth.

Hippeastrum (amaryllis) bulbs

If amaryllis is represented by only one species, then its relative hippeastrum, on the contrary, is very widely represented. All hybrid forms of both amaryllis and hippeastrum are usually referred to as hippeastrum.

Hippeastrum native to the subtropics and tropics of America, therefore, unlike amaryllis, it is more adapted to growing outdoors.

This flower is distinguished by a wide variety of colors, and the flowers themselves are much larger and brighter than amaryllis flowers. There are varieties of the original two-tone color.

Hippeastrum bulbs differ from amaryllis bulbs: they are rounder and slightly flattened. But it will be difficult for a layman to distinguish between them, so if it is important for you to buy either amaryllis or hippeastrum, contact specialized stores where sellers will help you, or special Internet sites.

Pay attention to the manufacturer's packaging: it should indicate which flower will grow from the bulb.

Don't worry if you got a not too large bulb, because some varieties of hippeastrum have small bulbs, so bulbs from 5cm to 11cm in diameter are considered normal.

Storing the bulbs

Both amaryllis and hypeastrum bulbs have a long shelf life if you put them in a cool, dry, dark place.

After flowering, the pots of plants are kept in a warm, bright room.

At this time, the bulb accumulates nutrients, so it will not be superfluous, after the amaryllis to bloom, to feed the plant and water it until the foliage dries up, through which the bulb received the substances necessary for laying a full-fledged flower bud.

For a dormant period the bulb can be left in a pot without replanting for 3-4 years in a row, but in order for the plant to fully rest, it must be transferred to a cool room.

If the hippeastrum bulb was removed from the soil for a dormant period, then before planting at the beginning of the new growing season, it must be cleaned of old scales and rotten roots. Places of damage on the bulb itself, if any, must be cleaned, leaving only healthy tissue, and all sections must be treated with crushed activated carbon.

Amaryllis and hippeastrum bulbs are planted in June, then in August-September there is hope to see a lush flowering of amaryllis, well, or hippeastrum, respectively. If the bulb was resting in a pot, then at the end of spring, from the coolness and dusk, move the plant to a warm, bright place for distillation.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Amaryllidaceae family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Bulb flowers Amaryllid plants on A


How to choose seed

You can get a flowering plant at home in the first planting season by choosing large bulbs. If you grow crocus from children, it will take a long time to wait for flowering, perhaps a whole year. And if the flowers were grown from seeds - even more (2 - 3 years).

  • Planting material should be purchased in late August or early September. If you plan to plant autumn varieties, it is produced in the last trimester of August, and spring crocus species need to get into the soil no earlier than September.
  • Responsible purchase of bulbs requires careful inspection. Make sure that the seed is free from damage, rotten areas and sprouted roots.
  • The structure of the bulbs should be dense, without flaking. And their color should be uniform, without the presence of dark and reddish spots.
  • If the saffron is purchased in seed, each is also carefully examined. It is important that their integrity is not compromised. There were no signs of disease or fungal infection.
  • If you use contaminated seed for planting, healthy plants nearby will die very soon.

When crocus is already acquired by an adult plant, you should not transplant it right away. It is advisable to wait some time until the flowering phase and the dormant period have passed. And after that, it can be transplanted into a flower pot.


Description and comparison of plants

Features of amaryllis, photo

Amaryllis is a bulbous plant whose stem height can reach 0.6 m.

It blooms twice a year if the flower is planted in open ground, and once a year if it grows indoors.

These flowering times are due to the origin of the amaryllis. The plant is native to South Africa, and in the southern hemisphere, spring falls in September-November.

Leaves that grow on a flower in late autumn or spring die off in summer. For this reason, the amaryllis has a stem and inflorescences, but no leaves when it blooms. This is the peculiarity of the plant.

The stem grows from 2 to 12 flowers with a funnel-shaped bowl of 6 identical petals. It seems that the gifted master cast each petal in the same shape, so they are so similar to one another. The petals are varied in color - from pale pink to dark purple.

Features of hippeastrum, photo

Hippeastrum is also a bulbous plant, and its height can be a maximum of 0.8 m.

Rare representatives of hippeastrum sprout a stem 1 m long. The plant blooms more often than amaryllis - up to 4 times a year, at least twice a year.

The number of blooms is regulated by soil selection and care. Hippeastrum blooms in winter and early spring. At its base there are 3 leaves, the 4th plays the role of a substrate for the inflorescence.

On the stem of the plant, there are from 2 to 6 inflorescences. The variety determines the shape and dimensions of the petals - they are narrow or wide, long or short. The flowers form a funnel-shaped bowl of 6 petals. The tones and shades of the hippeastrum are diverse: there are about 2000 of them.

Differences between births

As you can see from the descriptions of the plants, the key differences between them are the color scale, stem height, periodicity and frequency of flowering, the number of inflorescences, and the location of the leaves.

It is worth adding a few more so that the list of differences is complete

Differences in origin

  1. Both the one and the other flower belong to the same family, but they have different genera. The types of amaryllis (a photo of a flower in this section), to put it mildly, are few in number - it has only one species, in the hippeastrum, on the contrary, over 90.
  2. Amaryllis penetrated the European countries from South Africa, his opponent from Central and South.

Differences in appearance

  1. Amaryllis has smooth pear-shaped bulbs, while hippeastrum has round and scaly, somewhat elongated bulbs.
  2. Amaryllis often forms daughter bulbs, while this is less common in the hippeastrum.

Difference in growth and flowering

To distinguish one plant from another, a fairly simple method can be applied. If you tear off the plate from the flower bulb, you can see a cobweb in the amaryllis, while its opponent does not.

There are other differences between these plants. They differ, for example, in the color of the stem, the structure of the bulb, when the scales are removed from that, the shade of the scale plates inside. But the above-mentioned features are enough for practical purposes.


How to properly dig up tulip bulbs

It is only necessary to dig up tulip bulbs in dry weather. It is desirable that the soil is also dry and crumbly.

If you have grown tulips in trellis baskets designed specifically for planting bulbs, then the digging process will take place effortlessly. It is enough to dig a basket out of the ground, shake off excess soil.

If the tulips were planted in a flower bed or flower arrangements, then the digging process should be approached more carefully. In order not to damage the bulbs, you need to dig them out exclusively with a pitchfork, retreating 15 - 20 cm from the ground part of the plant. Then you will definitely not damage the bulbs.

From the dug out plants, you must carefully shake off the rest of the soil. Sort the bulbs carefully by type, size and appearance. The following seed should be removed:

  • sick or injured
  • too small seed (less than 1 cm in diameter)
  • with traces of rot or mold.

It is not recommended to trim the ground part of tulips immediately after digging. It is best to do this after the bulbs are dry.

Arrange tulip bulbs in a single layer in a drying container. Plastic fruit crates are ideal for this. They provide sufficient air access.

It is necessary to dry the seed in dry weather from 2 to 5 days, with high humidity this period can last up to two weeks. The most important thing is to choose the right place to dry your tulip bulbs. It is important to place the container with the bulbs in the shade, excluding the possibility of direct sunlight.


Storage

Each onion must be wrapped in paper. Then we place them in cardboard boxes. Use mothballs to prevent pests. However, for these purposes I use 3-4 cloves of peeled garlic. If the basement is too damp, store the bulbs on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.

Hope you find my advice useful. Share the article on social networks with your friends. Be sure to subscribe to updates, there are still many secrets ahead. And share your experience in the comments.

In conclusion, I recommend watching this video:


How to preserve perennials before disembarkation?

A problem arises with many popular perennials: bulbs and rhizomes are already being sold with might and main, but they can only be planted in May. And how to save them so that they do not disappear?

If the sprout of the bulb is already large, then it is better to plant it in a half-cut 1.5-liter bottle. Water it sparingly, and in May plant it in the garden along with a lump of earth.
Non-sprouted bulbs with small sprouts lie perfectly in the refrigerator before planting.

They are perfectly stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 1–4 ° С. It is best to place the roots in slightly damp peat and wrap them in newspaper. In this form, daylilies will endure until planting, even with sprouts of 10 cm!

Before you put the roots in the refrigerator, trim away the rotten ends, remove the old, dry, damaged ones.

They lie well in the refrigerator at a temperature of 1–4 ° С. The roots are best placed in slightly damp peat or sphagnum moss and wrapped in newspaper. But before that, trim off the rotten ends, remove old, dry and damaged roots. If the hosta sprouts are larger than 5 cm, it is better to plant them in pots.

Before planting in the ground, it can be stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of 0 to 3 ° C. The rhizomes must be wrapped in sphagnum moss and a perforated plastic bag. Otherwise, they may disappear.

Another option is to plant it in a pot. But a so-called "cold start" is needed for a geyher. Rhizomes are planted in a poor substrate - 2/3 sand and 1/3 earth, after which the pots are removed to the refrigerator. As soon as the leaves begin to grow, they are placed in a cool place with a temperature of 10-12 ° C. Heuchera should be watered sparingly - they do not tolerate excessive moisture!

These perennials are best bought before planting - then there is a chance to choose live plants. Phloxes are poorly stored in refrigerators, they often rot. They can be planted in pots, but even in this case, there is a high probability of death, because their roots are very sensitive.

Non-sprouted rhizomes can be stored in the refrigerator or in a warm room, but it is best to immediately plant them in a pot - they feel great in room conditions.

These plants, like phloxes, are very difficult to preserve. They are capricious, easily rot. Especially ash geranium. If there are no sprouts, then you can keep them in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment. With sprouts, it is better to plant in pots in a poor substrate. But you cannot water them! Can only be sprayed.



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