To enjoy vegetables and herbs from your own garden, it is not at all necessary to build a greenhouse with heating or spend all the time in the country. Many city dwellers use the available living space to the fullest, creating greenhouses and vegetable gardens on the balcony. How to do this correctly, we will tell you in our article.
The first step to mastering a balcony is proper planning. Before purchasing boxes and soil, you need to take a piece of paper and a pen, draw out the available area on a scale and place all the elements of the future garden on the drawing. The drawing not only indicates the location of the boxes, but also marks what is planned to be planted in them.
For plants, the organization of additional lighting is essential. To save on energy and equipment costs, it is best to plan in advance the maximum load on the areas of the balcony that receive enough light from the sun.
If the balcony faces the north or west side, then you cannot do without additional lighting. Therefore, even before placing the pots, you need to draw an additional line for fluorescent lamps or phytolamps. Without illumination, plants will be drawn to sunlight, and the phases of flowering and ovary formation may not occur. For containers with vegetables, a moderately lit, well-ventilated place, but protected from drafts, will be optimal.
Before deciding to grow vegetables or perennials on the balcony, you need to calculate the maximum loads that a particular room can handle. If the balcony slabs are old, in some places the concrete layer is moving away from the reinforcement, then in such rooms it is worth limiting yourself to growing greenery or indoor varieties of vegetables.
In order to get a friendly harvest of vegetables, it is first necessary to study the specialized literature on the timing of planting plants and ripening of fruits. Tomatoes have a longer growing season than cucumbers. Radish is considered the earliest ripening vegetable, therefore seeds are sown at the desired harvest time. You can buy a special calendar of a gardener-summer resident, which will indicate not only the ripening dates, but also favorable and unfavorable days for planting crops.
After completing the calculations and when the scheme of the future balcony-garden is ready, you can proceed to the selection of containers. Shallow containers are suitable for radishes, wall panels are suitable for cultivating strawberries and spices, boxes or flowerpots are needed for cucumbers and tomatoes. Usually for vegetable crops they offer balcony boxes of two colors - white or terracotta. Dark containers with an abundance of sunlight quickly heat up, which leads to overheating of the plant root system. If you bought dark boxes, then it is better to wrap them in white paper. Pay attention to the presence of drainage holes that will drain excess moisture.
You can sow vegetable seeds in any nutritious substrate, but it is best to purchase specialized soil for indoor vegetables for these purposes. After harvesting (for example, radish) and before the next sowing of seeds, the topsoil is completely replaced with a new one. Some plants and flowers prefer specialized soil. For example, azaleas and strawberries grow well in soils with high acidity.
Since the plants will be in a limited amount of soil, they need more fertilizer than when grown in open soil. The purchased substrate contains a complex of minerals and organics, but two to three months after planting, vegetables need to be fertilized. Complex fertilizing is preferred, which should be chosen according to the current stage of plant development. To build up green mass, nitrogen is needed, for the formation of an ovary - potassium and phosphorus.
To make the balcony more attractive, you need to plant not only vegetables or herbs, but also decorate the remaining empty spaces with flowers. You can close the empty walls behind the side drawers with climbing plants. Will revive empty space and chlorophytum. Above the upper tier of pots, where there is enough sunlight, you can start hoya whips.
In winter, the lack of bright colors in the surrounding space is especially acute. Therefore, be sure to find a place on the balcony for indoor strawberries or strawberries. It is not at all necessary to grow them in the classical way - in beds. On sale you can find multi-tiered pots where strawberries feel great. Bright red fresh berries will cheer you up and provide additional natural vitamins.
The logical completion of the vegetable composition on the balcony will be the placement of indoor flowers. In shaded areas, stands with varietal violets are placed, roses or geraniums are placed in illuminated areas. Or you can go further - plant bells, mattiola or hyacinths. Such a garden will also attract with a unique aroma.
A garden on the balcony is a useful hobby. And it's not even about the harvest, which can be used all year round. Pleasant care relieves fatigue and stress after a working day. Thanks to the microclimate that is created on the balcony, plants bear fruit better. They are not as susceptible to pests and diseases as when grown outdoors.
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Home / Tips & Ideas / Garden and Plot / Balcony Beds: 10 Tips for Creating a Fruitful Garden in an Apartment
Aina Tue, 21 Apr 2020 07:21:51 +0300
To create beds on the balcony, we are pushed by an irresistible craving for the ground, the growing popularity of stylish balcony gardens, longing for a suburban area and, of course, the desire to serve fresh and aromatic vegetables grown by our own hands on the table. How to organize a garden on the balcony so that it becomes fruitful, and not just decorative? We give 10 important tips for future balcony gardeners.
Garden on the balcony: a lot of light, but no direct sunlight
Most of the plants that can be grown in balcony beds need an abundance of light to grow properly. But the scorching rays of the sun will not benefit vegetables and herbs. It is important to consider this point when placing pots and containers with future ingredients of your salad.
Note: some capricious plants, on the contrary, need additional lighting (especially on the northern side of the apartment), which can be provided with phyto lamps.
Home garden-vegetable garden: air humidity
In the summer, the conditions are dictated by the heat, in the winter - by heating devices. Plants suffering from dry air need to be provided with optimal moisture by spraying or using containers of water between the beds.
Garden at home: the right choice of soil
On the one hand, this problem does not exist today: I came to the store and chose the right soil for certain plants. Alas, not everything is so simple. The soil can be contaminated with harmful microorganisms, unbalanced in composition, etc. To be sure that the soil is clean, you have to disinfect it in different ways. Therefore, the ideal option is to prepare the potting mix yourself.
How to grow seedlings at home: choose the right seeds
Not all vegetables, not all greens will "bloom and spike" on your balcony. Even when creating the most comfortable conditions. Study the seed package carefully: make sure that this plant and this variety are suitable for planting in a pot or container at home. As a rule, the manufacturer indicates on the packaging that the plant is suitable for these purposes.
Start with the simplest plants - don't rush to plant melons and watermelons on your balcony. Choose plant varieties that are non-capricious, self-pollinated, disease-resistant, “compact” (for pots and boxes) and early ripening.
In the section "Garden and Beds" you will find a lot of useful information about the intricacies of growing new and popular garden crops, learn about various ways of arranging garden beds, and you can also talk about this topic with other users of the site.
The opinion that the dacha and the vegetable garden are an occupation for pensioners has long been hopelessly outdated. Having a garden on the site and doing it is not boring at all, rather, on the contrary, it is exciting and useful. Especially today, when there are a lot of different technologies and modern tools that greatly facilitate human labor.
A modern garden in the country is a truly unique opportunity to turn hard work into joy. To do this, it is enough to approach the matter correctly - to arm yourself with the necessary tools, knowledge and, of course, the invaluable experience of a whole army of gardeners. Successfully growing various vegetables and herbs in their garden, they will willingly teach you all the intricacies of this simple, very exciting and useful business. It was in order to share with each other the secrets of growing different crops in the garden that this section of the site was created.
The main purpose of this section is to help you create such beds in the garden that would be spent a minimum of effort, while they would bring you maximum benefit. In this section, you will learn how to properly plant the garden beds and increase yields with the least labor costs. How to deal with pests in the garden and what exactly to plant in the garden so that you always have an excellent harvest, regardless of weather conditions and the region, and you could proudly say: “We are planting the garden correctly”!
In the "Garden and Beds" section, you can not only discuss various vegetable crops and share the secrets of their cultivation, telling how to plant a vegetable garden correctly, but also learn the opinions of experts. We will collect for you all the most valuable and useful tips and pass them through the prism of the knowledge of experienced people, real bison in agriculture, so that the garden in the country will bring you only benefit and pleasure. Let's talk about ways to protect plants from pests and diseases, find out what fertilizers are best to use in order to preserve the crop and not harm your health. We will hear the recommendations of experts not only on how to grow vegetables in the garden, but also on how to properly preserve them until next year.
Share your experience and opinion regarding the arrangement of a vegetable garden in the country, it will be truly invaluable for the rest of the site visitors.
For your record to be included in the "Garden and Gardens" section, you just need to add the section name to the keywords when creating the record.
Let's plant a vegetable garden together, then we will definitely achieve success in this sometimes difficult, but such an exciting and useful business!
Yes, of everything! Any container or suitable structure can be a bed or container for your home garden. The main thing is that its volume is sufficient for the full placement of the root system and the required amount of soil.
Often used for these purposes: ordinary flowerpots, suspended balcony structures for flowers, plastic bottles and bottles, plastic bags, barrels, buckets and basins.
If you have materials and skillful hands, build drawers, shelves, shelving. This will increase the usable area of the home garden. It will look great, and of course it is very convenient for caring for plants, a vertical garden made of strips stuffed on the wall with polyethylene pockets.
A wonderful, and long used by many, idea of u200b u200bthe pallet bed. The main thing that is worth paying attention to here is the strong fastening of the structure and the marking on the pallets themselves. To prolong their life, they are treated with chemicals or high temperatures. Choose only thermally treated pallets for growing the crops you will be eating. Any pallet is suitable for a flower bed.
Trunk circles or squares in the orchard can be planted geraniums of Cambridge ‘Biokovo’.
Trunk circles or squares can be planted with Cambridge geranium 'Biokovo'
Thus, four tasks will be solved at once: it will not be necessary to mow next to the tree trunks geranium will not let the weeds grow, its lemon scent scares off ants that breed aphids, which means there will be fewer pests in the orchard. And when the apple trees, pears and plums have bloomed, the geranium will bloom with a second "apple blossom", but on the ground.