The gramigna is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows spontaneously anywhere up to two thousand meters above sea level. Originally from Europe, North Asia, the Americas and Australia, it is historically known as a very weed plant due to its high resistance to trampling. It belongs to the Graminaceae family and includes several varieties. The best known is the weeds common, botanical name Agropyrum repens. Very similar to this variety is the weeds Cynodon dactylon which is considered the true weed. Another variety is the grass grass, botanical name Poa pratensis L, originating in the cold temperate areas of Europe, Asia and North America. Finally, there is also the marsh grass, botanical name Glyceria maxima that grows in aquatic soils and is used for ornamental purposes as a turf, the same use also for the grass. The common weed, on the other hand, or Agropyrum repens, has been known since ancient times as a herb with medicinal properties. It has long rhizomes that emit erect stems and a height of about one and a half meters. The leaves, green in color, are narrow and flat, with a slight down on the top. The flowers, always green, are born from June to September. The fruits of this plant are kernels, that is, cereals. The appearance of the weed, in fact, is similar to wheat, so much so that even the botanical name Agropyrum tends to emphasize this similarity, since it means "wild wheat", but also "needle of the fields". The gramigna is also known as Gramiccia, Caprinella and Erba canina. The latter definition derives from the fact that dogs and cats are greedy for it because they use it to purify their intestines. This plant is also used by humans for its recognized medicinal properties. The parts used for herbal purposes are the roots and the rhizome.
The gramigna is attributed purifying, diuretic and anti-inflammatory properties of the urinary tract. The rhizomes of the plant contain a derivative of fructose called tricitin which appears to have diuretic effects. Another substance, agropyrene, in the form of essential oil, seems to have the effect of disinfecting the kidneys and urinary tract. Due to the presence of these active ingredients, the gramigna is used in case of cystitis and other inflammations of the urinary tract, but not only, it is also used in inflammatory states that cause arthritis and rheumatism. The diuretic action is effective in case of hyperuricemia. The intake of grass extracts determines a good diuretic effect which is realized with the increase in urine output, a factor that allows you to detoxify the body, but also to reduce cellulite, edema and hypertension. This plant is also used as a liver and bile drain and is indicated in detoxifying treatments. Other beneficial active ingredients are: saponin, mannitol, mucilage, iron and potassium salts (the latter involved in lowering blood pressure) and vitamins A and B. Due to its strong antiseptic properties, the grass is also used to combat gastrointestinal infections.
The rhizome of gramigna in the past was used as a base to prepare bread and beer, while the roots were toasted to prepare coffee. Today the root and rhizome of the gramigna are used to prepare specific phytotherapeutic remedies. The most used "pharmaceutical" forms in this sense are herbal tea, decoction and mother tincture. The herbal tea is prepared with three, five grams of crushed rhizome or a level spoon of root, to be macerated for 10 minutes in boiling water. The substance has a strongly bitter taste so the water from the first cup is usually thrown away and a second herbal tea is prepared, always with the same amount of plant previously soaked in the first cup of boiling water. The same problem occurs with the decoction, so it is advisable to repeat the boiling operation a second time. The recommended dose for herbal tea and decoction is several cups a day between meals for a diuretic and anti-inflammatory effect. The mother tincture is prepared with fresh rhizomes macerated in alcohol at 65 °. The recommended dose is a number of drops according to medical prescription three times a day. There are no toxicity risks related to the use of gramigna even if, being a herbal remedy, the last word is never said, especially in case of overdose, so it is always advisable to consult a doctor who will prescribe the most suitable dosage. to your case. Meanwhile, it should always be noted that the intake of gramigna is not recommended in the case of nephritis, the simultaneous intake of other diuretic products and electrolyte imbalances, that is, alterations in sodium and potassium values.
Herbal remedies based on gramigna are found in the usual sales channels dedicated to phytotherapy. The costs of such remedies are quite affordable. A 50 ml bottle of mother tincture of gramigna rhizome costs between five and six euros. On the other hand, one hundred grams of pure rhizome cost € 2.50.