Of course, everyone wants to collect large, tasty, fleshy tomatoes, but varieties with such characteristics do not always shine with yield. For this case, there are lifesaver hybrids that are not afraid of phytophthora, retain their yield under any whims of the weather and are beautiful. Aesthetics is of great importance for modern vegetable growers, this understanding is reflected in the Hali-gali tomato.
The author of the Hali-Gali hybrid is the Russian businessman Mashtakov Aleksey Alekseevich. The breeder lives and works in the Rostov region. Vegetable growers are well aware of its other hybrids: Andromeda, Twist, Boogie Woogie. But Prima Dona and Khali-gali are considered masterpieces. By the way, all of the listed tomatoes have passed state variety trials and received the status of selection achievements.
The Hali-Gali hybrid was included in the State Register in 2008 with admission to cultivation in only two regions: the North Caucasus and the Far East. There is such a huge distance between these two subjects of the Russian Federation that the seeds of a hybrid with cute fruits simply could not help but spread throughout the country. Hali-gali are grown in the open field and in greenhouses. It does not work in all climatic zones, but gardeners still try to grow tomatoes with perky noses. For some, the hybrid becomes a favorite, others refuse to grow it.
Unfortunately, I could not find the official website of the entrepreneur and breeder Mashkov A.A. to find out the specific characteristics of this hybrid from the author. The description from the State Register is very meager: the ripening dates, the height of the bush are not indicated, the unusual shape of the fruit is not mentioned, which provokes many to buy and grow this hybrid. Therefore, I had to look for descriptions on the sites of seed sellers. I chose the most famous and respected, but their information about Hali-Gali is different, I am glad that not much.
|Sourse of information||Bush height||Ripening period||Fruit shape||Fruit weight||Taste||Yield|
|State Register of Plants||-||-||rounded||68-158 g||good and great||271–796 c / ha depending on the region|
|"Semko" (semco.ru)||60-70 cm||90–95 days||flat-rounded with pointed apex||130-160 g||a great||10 kg / m² in the open field, 15-17 kg / m² in the greenhouse|
|"Aelita" (ailita.ru)||80-110 cm||105-112 days||rounded with a spout||100-160 g up to 250 g||delicious tomatoes||6-8 kg / m² outdoors, up to 15 kg / m² in greenhouses|
In all sources, Hali-gali is determinant, that is, it has a limited stem growth. The fruits are red. Gardeners confirm the information of sellers that this hybrid is resistant to late blight and other diseases of tomatoes. Thanks to their dense skin, tomatoes can be safely transported over long distances. Hali-gali is stored longer than many varieties and is suitable for whole-fruit canning.
Hali-gali primarily attracts with the original shape of the fruit
The hybrid demonstrates the maximum yield (796 c / ha) in its native region - the Rostov region. And the taste, as well as the opinion about it, can really differ, because literally everything affects this indicator: the structure of the soil, the number of sunny days, the quality of care, the degree of maturity at the time of tasting.
Grow this hybrid through seedlings. "Aelita" recommends sowing seeds from March 20 to April 10, and planting plants in a greenhouse in mid-May, in open ground - in early June. The seedlings are 45–55 days old at the time of disembarkation.
By the time of planting, the seedlings should have at least 5-6 leaves and, possibly, the first flower cluster
Be sure to dive seedlings when 1-2 true leaves appear on them. Care in the seedling period consists in watering and feeding. For 1.5 months of growing on the windowsill, 2-3 additional fertilizing will be required with an interval of 10-14 days. Give the first one a week after the pick, and the last one a week before disembarkation. Use a compound fertilizer for seedlings. The most common of them is Fertika Lux (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). If you keep the seedlings not in an apartment, but in a greenhouse or greenhouse, then you can feed them with weakly concentrated infusions of nettle, mullein or dung.
Choose a sunny place for Hali-gali. The best predecessors are legumes, pumpkin seeds, cabbage, greens. Dig up or loosen the earth, having previously sprinkled a bucket of compost and a glass of ash on each square meter of the garden bed. You can buy a special fertilizer for tomatoes and add it to the holes. The planting pattern for this hybrid is 40x50 cm.
To get a good harvest, Hali-gali tomatoes need:
Hali-gali bushes need good support. Tie them up in the greenhouse - to trellises, in the open field - to strong and high stakes. Form the tomatoes into 2-3 stems. To do this, remove all stepsons, leaving 1–2 closest to the first flower brush. In late July - early August, pinch all the tops and remove the flower brushes. The fruits will not have time to pour on them.
In the southern regions, Hali-gali tomatoes can be allowed to ripen on the bushes. To increase yields, it is better to pick them in blanche ripeness and ripen at home. When the night temperature is stable at + 10 ° C and below, pick up all the fruits that have poured, even completely green ones. Hali-gali's purpose is universal, tomatoes are suitable for salads, canning and processing.
Hali-gali is a domestic hybrid, the positive qualities of which were appreciated by many vegetable growers. It does not require any special maintenance techniques; ordinary watering and feeding are needed. Moreover, this tomato helps out in unfavorable seasons, when most varieties are affected by late blight. The attractive shape of the fruit is also important, because not every vegetable is given to cheer us up with just one look.
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Tomato Mazarin is a hybrid of the first generation. Created by crossing several varieties and adopting their best qualities. Thanks to this, the culture has resistance to diseases and high productivity.
The stem of the plant is strong, holds fruit brushes well
The plant is determinant, but it is tall, in open ground it grows up to 1.1-1.3 m, in protected it can reach 2 m. In areas with a short summer, it may be necessary to pinch the growing point. The first fruit clusters appear on shoots growing from the axils of 5-6 leaves, then every 1-2.
The leaves of the culture are medium-sized, green, foliage is low. The bush forms many stepchildren, which must be removed in time. Form a plant into several stems. The ripening period is early, from the beginning of cultivation to the entry into fruiting takes about three months.
When choosing a crop, it must be borne in mind that there are varieties Cardinal and Cardinal Mazarin, which are species with different characteristics. Tomato Cardinal differs from Mazarin in lower yield. Tomatoes of the last variety from the agricultural firms "Biotekhnika", "Siberian Garden" also have fruits of a different shape and weight.
Mazarin tomatoes ripen in a brush of 5-6 pcs. Unripe fruits have a light green hue, ripe fruits are pink-red. The color is uniform without contrasting spots. The mass of tomatoes is up to 200 g.
The shape of the tomatoes is elongated, conical, similar to the shape of a strawberry
The shape of the tomatoes is elongated, conical, similar to the shape of a strawberry
The surface is smooth, without pronounced ribs. The skin is dense, not prone to cracking.
The pulp is dense, fleshy, juicy, 3-4-chambered. The number of seeds is average. The taste is sweet, the sourness is imperceptible, the aroma is bright. Tomatoes ripen well on the bush, but can be ripened harvested unripe. Tomatoes are well stored and transported.
This type of tomato will suit every garden (photo)
The cultivation of tomatoes begins with the receipt of seedlings. First, the seeds are germinated in a damp cloth on the windowsill, then planted in containers with fertile light soil. The containers are covered with foil or glass and placed in a warm place.
When shoots appear, the covering material can be removed. Planting needs to be provided with good lighting and regular watering.
The first true leaves of seedlings appear within 5-7 days. You need to wait another 3-4 days for the plants to get strong enough, and you can dive them.
Tomato picking is carried out to strengthen its root system and increase bushiness.
Seedlings are seated in separate containers (you can take plastic glasses from yogurt or ice cream, cut plastic bottles). Pinching the roots is not recommended, as this will weaken the plant.
The pots should be selected so that their volume is enough for a couple of weeks. If there is a lot of free soil in the container that is not occupied by roots, bacteria can grow in it, and the soil itself can acidify.
When the seedlings reach a growth of 15-20 cm, they can be planted in an outdoor greenhouse, if possible. In the absence of daytime frosts, the greenhouse is slightly opened during the day. This gives the tomatoes additional access to oxygen and at the same time promotes their hardening.
When the threat of sudden frosts in May has passed, and the temperature of the air and soil will not drop below + 10 ° C, the seedlings can be planted in open ground.
For planting, dig holes in the amount of three per square meter. The plants are buried to the first leaf and slightly compacted the soil. Then the planting is watered.
Caring for tomatoes Seven forty F1 consists in timely watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing it, removing weeds and preventing possible diseases. When the tomatoes grow up, they need to be tied up to ensure stability.
Periodically pinching should be carried out (removal of lateral shoots from the bush) to stimulate the formation of fruit ovaries.
I have a large garden and vegetable garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.
According to reviews, Seven Forty F1 tomato seeds can be sown without germination, since this variety is distinguished by good germination. Then the seedlings will germinate for several days longer, but it is easier to work with dry planting material, there is no risk of damaging fragile shoots.
If you decide to germinate your seeds, it is important to keep them in a warm place where the temperature is at least 25 degrees. Otherwise, mold or even rot will appear instead of sprouts. The soil should be disinfected. This can be done by watering the soil mixture with boiling water or by frying it in the oven. When tomato seeds Seven forty are planted, the first watering is best done with a solution of manganese or another fungicide.
When sowing, we recommend that you mark the surface of the prepared container in advance, make small grooves to a depth of about 1 cm at a distance of 2-3 cm from one another. Tomato seeds themselves, Seven forty F1, should be spread out no closer than 1.5-2 cm from one another. If tomatoes germinate very densely, there is a high likelihood of developing a fungal disease, the most common of which is black leg.
After picking, we recommend re-treatment with an antifungal agent, since the damaged rhizome is more sensitive to infections. After 15-20 days, you can feed the seedlings with urea. We recommend repeating the application of this fertilizer 10 days after planting in open ground.
The main advantage of Hali-gali tomatoes is that they tolerate sudden changes in air temperature well. These tomatoes can even be grown on the balcony.
The high sugar content makes these tomatoes a favorite treat for children.
A feature of the variety is long-term fruiting.
The variety has no drawbacks, except for the need for regular feeding.
With proper care, tomatoes of the Hali-gali f1 variety practically do not get sick. Nevertheless, experienced gardeners treat the beds with folk remedies to prevent diseases and the appearance of pests.
As for harmful insects, thrips and melon moth sometimes infect these tomatoes. A very effective remedy against these parasites is the Zubr drug.
In recent years, I have given preference to varieties of Siberian selection, I do not regret it.
“Sensei”Is the earliest variety. The plant is beautiful. The fruits are sweet, a lot of pulp. Fruits until autumn with equally large fruits, 400 grams each, which I really like. Salad destination. My favorite variety.
The fruits are similar in appearance to “Eagle beak“, But the plant is shorter, stronger, more powerful.
“Eagle beak"- the earliest maturing (together with"Sensei“). The plant looks thin, the leaves are hanging, like sluggish. The feeling that the roofing felts are sick, or that something is missing. But this is just such a structure. The color of the fruits is dim, some kind of pale, ugly.
I don’t look at it, I have been planting it for several years. The fruits are sweet and tasty. Salad destination. Fruiting until autumn with the same fruits.
“Golden domes”- I will plant for the first time. I think I will like it. "Siberian" are all sweet.
“Pink honey”- I will plant for the first time. It was tempting that the low bushes.
“Malachite Box”- early. Sweet, just honey. They consist of almost one pulp and juice. You can eat only in its natural form, it is difficult to cut even into a salad, so juicy. This is a delicacy, so you need to plant very few of them. Fruiting until autumn.
“Andreevsky surprise”- mid-season. All ripens on the bush, I shoot only the red ones. Fruit color is dark pink, beautiful. Fruits up to 600g., Specially weighed (not deceived). There is a lot of pulp in the fruits, few seeds. The plant is the most powerful, it differs from all others.
When they start to overtake other plants, it seems that they are very overfed, but these are just such plants. They write that their height is up to 1.5 meters, but here they lied - they grow more than two meters from me. I have to tilt the trunks, but at this time the lower leaves are gone, so I somehow manage.
I make my way along the path between the tomato beds, and from the inclined “surprises” huge boom-boom tomatoes over the head. Pleasantly!
I do not cut the tops of the tomatoes until the beginning of September. These are perennial plants, let them grow. This does not affect the quantity, the size of the fruits. This is how I do it. Everyone adapts in their own way. I do not do any harvesting, therefore I grow only large-fruited varieties.
I soak tomato seeds before sowing only in “EPINE“, I do not process anything else. I always sow from the 3rd to the 8th of March in cut-off transparent "polorashki", one more of each grade (just in case). Additionally, I sow 10 pieces of each variety in jars (my seeds, so there are always enough of them). Also just in case.
Often you have to share with your friends and relatives.
|I mark the bottles this way... I make a plate, it always lies on the windowsill next to the seedlings. When sowing, I put the earth in bottles only at the bottom, then add it as needed. Dirt and "fuss" is much less than when diving.||Because I have each tomato grown in the spring in its own bottle, then I glue squares of colored wrapping paper on the bottles under the scotch tape: blue, red, yellow ... They do not fade in the sun, you can immediately see which variety is where.|
When I bring it to the greenhouse for planting, I arrange each variety by color in its place. The stickers are bright and easy to see. I'm used to the fact that every year, for example, “Sensei” is black, and “Eagle's Beak” is blue. I make three by three cm squares, I have been using bottles for more than one year. Why transparent bottles? The germination of seeds is clearly visible while the seedlings are small, they are very comfortable behind the walls, like in a mini-plate. When sowing, I don’t put any fertilizer, but when I first add soil I throw half a teaspoon of "superphosphate" into each bottle. In the process of growth, I feed it with micronutrient fertilizer, and a week before planting I also add “superphosphate”. I plant it in a greenhouse after April 20th - 25th. I prepare the soil in the beds in seven days, I will definitely put "superphosphate" again. When the tomatoes grow and grow, the leaves take on a purple hue - a clear lack of phosphorus. So I am warning this. Maybe others do not have such a phenomenon, but this is how it is with me. I make the same labels on the beds - I stick them on plastic plates from IKEA, and my paper plate is in the greenhouse in a locker along with the planting diagram.
|Athlete - my favorite preparation for growing seedlings. Not only tomato, but all colors. I use the instructions. Tomatoes grow powerful, strong. When we take them to the dacha, their height from the bottle does not exceed 35 cm (at the highest ones).|
VERY IMPORTANT: after spraying “Athlete”For three days to cover the glass of windows with a thin“ spunbond ”from the direct sun, so that there are no white spots on the leaves. The instructions say that they disappear, but they are not. The spots do not disappear, and the leaves stop growing. I am absolutely delighted with this drug!
|This is how I pack tomatoes for transportation to the dacha... I wrap it up in newspaper to the top, fasten it with tape so that it does not unwind. I put it very tightly in cardboard boxes and let's go ... Not a single leaf breaks. The plants are short, it doesn't cost anything to twist.|
|Here is such landing plan I do it every year. When it comes time to plant tomatoes in the ground, I will arrange them according to the marks, the whole process takes less time. The size of the greenhouse is 6x4 m. I plant the tomatoes every 40 cm, approximately. There is enough space for everyone.|
Bushes of mid-late Olesya tomatoes are indeterminate, grow over 1.5 m, up to 180-200 cm in a greenhouse with good nutrition. Therefore, the culture always requires a garter to the supports, both indoors and outdoors. Strong-growing specimens need regular pinching and forming into one or two trunks. Stems of Olesya tomatoes are fragile in appearance, not thick, medium-leafy, with slightly drooping leaves. Large leaf blades of tomato type. Simple inflorescences are formed on 4-5 clusters on one stem, up to 9 flowers per branch, which sometimes also requires normalizing the ovaries.
Gardeners in their reviews note that the stalks of Olesya's tomatoes are strong and powerful. The root system is pivotal with numerous processes that do not go too deep into the ground.
Olesya tomatoes have beautifully shaped, oval fruits weighing from 90 to 200 g. Usually the average weight is 120 g. Fruit length is from 5 to 7 cm, diameter is from 3 to 5 cm. The surface is without ribbing, the skin is smooth, glossy, on the top of the tomatoes a small nose is visible. Near the stalk in the phase of incomplete ripeness, green stripes are visible, which merge with the general orange background when fully ripe. Thin skin and flesh are bright orange. The consistency of Olesya's tomatoes is dense, juicy, fleshy.
Plum-shaped orange-fruited tomatoes have a delicious sweet taste. In table-variety tomatoes, 3.4% of sugar and 15.7% of ascorbic acid were determined. Fresh fruits are suitable for dietary and baby food, since orange pulp of tomatoes usually contains less acidity than red ones. The seed chambers are closer to the fruit walls, contain enough liquid and few seeds.
The described varieties of tomatoes are unpretentious and resistant to many diseases. In addition, they are very tasty and fruitful.
- early ripening variety of tomatoes, from the moment of seed germination to harvest takes about 80 days. Its bush is very compact, the fruits weigh 80-90 g. It can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. The variety is resistant to diseases such as fusarium, late blight, tobacco mosaic viruses.
Variety Virtuoso F1
- unpretentious tomato, ripening after 110 days. Tomatoes of this variety easily tolerate sudden changes in temperature and humidity, and are resistant to the harmful effects of phytophthora. The fruits are large, very tasty, the average weight of one tomato is 160 g. Tomatoes of this variety do not crack, and up to 7 kg of fruits can be harvested from one bush. Virtuoso is grown in one stem in greenhouses.
Variety Charisma F1
- mid-season, fruitful. Up to 7 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. The average weight of one tomato is 170 g. It is grown in greenhouses. The variety is resistant to tobacco mosaic virus, cold weather, fusarium, cladosporium.
- undersized, mid-season hybrid, which is best grown in greenhouses, but can also be grown in the open field. Up to 5 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush. The weight of one tomato is about 140 g. The plant is resistant to the main diseases of tomatoes, including the nematode.
Variety Opera F1
- very early, grown in greenhouses. It takes 100-105 days from germination to harvest. A maximum of 8 kg of tomatoes can be harvested from one bush, the weight of one fruit is about 100 g. The plant is on average 150 cm, the fruits on it are smooth, not very large. Opera is resistant to disease.
Vologda F1 variety
- mid-season carp, grown in greenhouses. It grows and matures in 115 days. Tomatoes are round, smooth, weighing about 100 g. It is possible to collect 5 kg of fruits from one bush. The variety is resistant to fusarium, tobacco mosaic, cladosporium.
Spartak F1 grade
- mid-season, grown in a greenhouse. Ripens in 120 - 125 days. The bush is very tall, its fruits are large, ribbed, weighing about 200 g. The variety is resistant to cladosporiosis, tobacco mosaic virus, fusarium.
Ural F1 grade
- a high-yielding, mid-season tomato variety for greenhouses. These tomatoes are very cold-resistant, resistant to many diseases: fusarium, cladosporium, tobacco mosaic. The plant is grown in one stem. Up to 8 kg of smooth, large fruits can be harvested from one bush. The average weight of one tomato is about 350 g. It takes about 120 days from germination to harvest.