Sugar apple - an exotic fruit with medicinal properties


The sugar apple is a fruit tree that arouses keen interest among gourmets and people who want to learn more about exotic representatives of the tropical flora. The fruits of the tree are attractive for their unusual appearance and taste., a rich chemical composition, on the basis of which numerous recipes for beauty and health have been created.

Biological description of the plant

The biological name of the plant is annona scaly... This is a fruit crop developed in the countries of Oceania and Indochina, in South America, China, India and in the tropical regions of Africa. The region of origin of the fruit tree is unknown, presumably it is adjacent to the Caribbean Sea basin.

Tree structure

The sugar apple is a fruit tree that ranges from 3 to 6 m in height. The branches of the tree are low and grow from a strong trunk. The main shoots branch into smaller ones with numerous pubescent cuttings, on which matte green elongated leaves are located in two rows. When rubbed between the fingers, the leaves of the tree exude a scent with hints of vanilla.... Thanks to this structure, the tree forms a lush zigzag crown.

Bloom

Flowers of a fruit tree are formed singly or in a group of 2-4 pieces from the base of the leaf petiole. The elongated shape of the flower is formed from three fleshy outer petals, inside which three more smaller ones are hidden. The color of the flowers is greenish-yellow, there is a purple spot at the base. The flowers of the fruit tree are quite large and reach a length of 2.5 to 4 cm... They open slightly only for a short period of time for insects to enter the fertilization phase.

Fruit

The sugar apple fruit has a complex structure. It consists of many clustered segments, each of which contains an oblong dark brown seed from 1 to 1.5 cm in length. Pulp - fibrous, juicy and fragrant, when fully ripe, acquires a creamy consistency, reminiscent of butter cream in taste. The peel is pale green, can have grayish and bluish tints, in overripe fruits it acquires a lilac hue. It is a rounded fruit, reaching a length of 10 cm and gaining weight up to 350 g.

Technical ripening of fruits, depending on the region, lasts from June to September... The sugar apple is stored very little, overripe fruits begin to crack the peel and flow out the pulp. Therefore, the fruits of the tree are harvested before ripening, this allows you to preserve the appearance and quality of the fruit for export to other countries or sale in the markets and in restaurants. From one adult tree, from 100 to 150 fruits are harvested.

Sugar apple fruit composition

The fruits, little known in our regions, are widely used in cooking, cosmetology and folk medicine in the countries where they are cultivated. It's hard not to pay attention to the rich chemical composition of fruits, in which are concentrated in large quantities:

  • vitamins groups B, A, C, PP;
  • minerals: phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium;
  • irreplaceable amino acids: lysine, tryptophan, methionine;
  • useful trace elements: iron, copper, selenium and zinc.

Oleic, stearic and linoleic acids are present in small amounts.

100 g of Annona scaly fruit pulp contains:

  • water 73.23 g;
  • carbohydrates 23.64 g;
  • proteins 2.06 g;
  • fats 0.29 g.

The energy value of the product is 94 kcal.

Useful properties of annona scaly

The bioactive compounds contained in the pulp of the fruit have a beneficial effect on the entire body. When the product is consumed, nutrients for beneficial microflora enter the body, which helps to eliminate pathogenic bacteria. The work of the liver is stabilized and the increased acidity in the gastrointestinal tract decreases.

Sugar apple is good for people with uric acid deposition. The fruit contains vitamins C and PP, active participants in the dissolution and removal of pathological formations during gout, rheumatism and arthritis. Sugar apple juice has a mild diuretic property and is useful for diseases of the urinary tract.

Harvested in the fruits of annona the mineral complex has a positive effect on the formation of blood cells and the activity of the cardiovascular system... The product contributes to the regulation of blood glucose levels, and therefore is especially valuable for a diabetic's diet.

A large amount of B vitamins is concentrated in the composition of the fruit, without which the growth of new collagen fibers and the renewal of tissues of all structures of the body are impossible. Thanks to these processes, the skin looks taut, hair and nails are strong and healthy shine.

An essential amino acid - tryptophan stimulates the synthesis of the hormone serotonin, which improves sleep quality and emotional background. Lysine - essential for bone remodeling in childhood and improving short-term memory. Methionine activates the processing of fats and increases the body's resistance to toxins.

The harm of this fruit to the body

The greatest danger to the body when eating the fruit comes from the seeds. They contain a high concentration of alkaloids, which act as a toxin, causing severe poisoning.

It is not recommended to eat fruits during pregnancy... A large amount of calcium is concentrated in them, an excess of which negatively affects the development of the baby and leads to complications during childbirth.

It is necessary to protect your eyes from getting the juice of the fruit, it contains acids that irritate the mucous membrane of the pupils and toxins that can lead to pathological disorders in the fundus.

The value of the sugar apple in medicine

All parts of the fruit tree have healing properties., which are widely used in alternative medicine, mainly by the traditional healers of India. More recently, scientists from this country made a phytopharmacological analysis of a fruit tree, as a result of which high healing properties were confirmed for the treatment and prevention of serious pathologies - diabetes mellitus and malignant tumors.

In diabetes mellitus, plant root extract is used, which stimulates the release of insulin, thereby regulating blood glucose levels. The combination of antioxidants in the fruit acts as a powerful anti-carcinogen, inhibiting the development of cancer.

In addition, infusions and decoctions from different parts of the fruit tree have anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and antipyretic properties, which allows them to be used in the symptomatic treatment of many infectious and viral diseases. Sugar apple fruits have regenerating and wound healing properties and are often used to treat traumatic, ulcerative and burn wounds.

The seeds and leaves of the plant contain essential oils - effective insecticides. Infusions and decoctions from these pieces of sugar apple are most commonly used to combat head lice. A more concentrated extract is used as a repellent against blood-sucking insects.

A decoction of fruits, roots and bark contains a large amount of tannin and phenol, has an astringent effect on the digestive tract. Plants use this property to treat dysentery. Shredded young fruits effectively treat gastrointestinal infections.

The pulp of unripe fruits, mixed with salt, is applied to local edema, frequent companions of rheumatic and varicose diseases. Such a mixture draws out all excess fluid from the intercellular tissues, which prevents the formation of blood clots in the vessels and restores optimal microcirculation of substances in their walls.

Sugar apple seeds contain up to 49% non-drying oil, which is used in soap making... Soap made from sugar apple oil is hypoallergenic and has high moisturizing properties.

Sugar apple in cooking

Chefs in many gourmet restaurants take advantage of the delicious and unfamiliar flavor of the fruit. Annona fruits are self-sufficient and can be served as a dessert after a hearty meal.... To do this, the fruit is cut in half and served with a dessert spoon.

The most popular is sugar apple ice cream, which is often served in restaurants in Indochina countries. The taste of the fruit is combined with milk, and the combination of these products in a cocktail will not leave anyone indifferent. Sugar apple dessert wine is produced in the Philippines.

Tea brewed with Annona leaves has mild sedative and cooling properties and is most enjoyable on a hot afternoon. Fruit pulp can be added to sweet sauces for dessert or poultry... Alkali-treated sugar tree seed oil is found in many foods.

The combination of exotic taste, fragrant aroma and beneficial properties for the human body make the sugar apple one of the most interesting tropical fruits. Studies of the chemical composition of the plant are still being carried out in laboratories in many countries and, undoubtedly, will give results that reveal the full potential of annona scaly.


Persimmon

Persimmons are golden yellow, round or oval with smooth skin. Its sweet, tasty pulp is packed with health-promoting and vital nutrients for optimal health, such as vitamins, minerals and antioxidants.

Many lovers of this product do not know anything about how the fruit grows. Someone considers it a shrub, although in fact persimmon is a tree that grows in subtropical and tropical climates. The tree can be up to 500 years old. to find out more about this fruit, what benefits and harms they can bring, read below.


Apples are the most abundant fruit in the world. They are rich in valuable vitamins, micro and macro elements, antioxidants.

Apples are extremely beneficial for the health of the body. With regular use, there is a decrease in the risk of developing malignant neoplasms, diseases from the cardiovascular, digestive, endocrine, nervous and musculoskeletal systems of a person. They can also be used to correct obesity.


What to bring from Thailand as a gift? Experienced tips

We will tell you what to bring from Thailand as a gift. Experienced advice will be useful to those who travel to this exotic country for the first time. And since market prices there are quite low for almost all goods, it is a sin not to choose something more interesting and unusual than banal souvenirs.

And in order for your travel gift to bring really great joy to loved ones, you must take into account their hobbies, preferences, tastes, etc.

Do not put off shopping until the last day or pounce on goods on the first day after arrival.

To begin with, it is better to look around and decide exactly where and what you will buy for each of your family members or friends, and only then go shopping.

Thai souvenirs

If you don’t know what you can bring from Thailand as a gift and don’t want to spend too much money on presents, it’s best to stop at banal figurines, magnets, key chains, chopsticks, etc. They are quite cheap and are simple symbols of local culture ... Usually made from natural materials - stone, wood, ceramics, etc.

But if you wish, you can buy more expensive unique souvenirs, for example, works of Thai teak masters. When you look closely at each craft, you understand how much work and patience a person put into creating it. In order not to doubt the quality of the goods, it is better to shop at a teak factory.

Decorations

Depending on what tastes your loved ones have, as well as on the possibility of spending this or that amount of money, it is worth deciding where and what to buy as a gift from jewelry. In Pattaya, you can find good jewelry stores selling items made of gold, silver and other precious metals.

Pearls are also very popular here. It can be both riverine, cheaper, and sea, expensive. The most popular and demanded in Thailand is considered to be a unique gold or black pearl.

It is bought both separately and in the form of ready-made jewelry. To make sure that this is not a fake, but a really high-quality product, it is better to go for such purchases in specialized stores.

There the seller will also issue a quality certificate.

A cheaper option is handmade jewelry sold in the market. There is a huge assortment of bracelets in a wide variety of colors. Often, letters are also inserted into them, laying out the desired name or word. Also, local craftsmen will offer other products for women or children made of leather, shells, corals, wood, coconut, etc.

Fruits

For those who have never been abroad, and even more so in such exotic countries as Thailand, the most interesting gift will be a fresh fruit that cannot be found on the shelves of Russian stores. Mango, mangosteen, rambutan, longan, carom, pitaya, lychee, papaya, herring, dragon, guava, passionfruit, sugar apples and sapodilla are considered attractive for tourists.

But remember that not all of them can be freely taken out of the country. Some fruits, for example, durian, are forbidden even to be carried to the hotel or on board the plane, as they have an incredibly pungent and specific smell.

It should also be borne in mind that you can deliver an exotic delicacy intact only if the trip is short-lived, otherwise it will simply deteriorate. Therefore, sometimes it makes sense to purchase not a fresh product, but dried fruits, which are much easier to preserve.

If you are traveling to Thailand for the first time, then you should definitely bring home an unusual tea as a gift to your relatives. It is sold here by weight and in packages, and can also be wrapped in a special gift wrapper.

The selection of teas is striking in its variety. It turns out that it can be blue, and white, and green, and red. More importantly, it has unique healing qualities. So, to strengthen the immune system, it is recommended to drink ginseng tea, and to get rid of stress, a jasmine drink is suitable.

Blue is made from orchid petals. It will delight you with an unusual rich color and help to improve vision and skin condition. Another popular drink is Matum made from the fruits of the tree of the same name. With regular use, this tea has a good effect on health, helps to get rid of the symptoms of sore throat and flu.

Beverages

The most interesting gift for men will be local rice vodka, whiskey, wine or rum. They have an original taste. Interestingly, in specialized stores you can find a strong drink with almost any degree. But beer in Thailand tastes no different from domestic.

There is one more original gift - whiskey with various insects or even snakes inside.

In appearance, such a bottle remains very attractive, but it is better not to try such a drink, since the body's reaction to such an exotic composition is unknown.

Therefore, if you purchased it as a presentation, then advise you to use it only as a means for rubbing joints, that is, for external use.

Cosmetics

But for women, the most desirable gift from an exotic country will be various cosmetics.Please note that here they are almost all made from natural ingredients, without the addition of synthetics and chemicals. The aroma and consistency of each cream, balm, shampoo amaze and delight.

The quality of the cosmetics is incredible. Each girl chooses for herself what is more suitable. If you have the opportunity to visit Thailand more than once, it is better to first use small samples to make sure that this tool is right for you. Judging by the reviews from experienced travelers, coconut oil is considered the most useful.

Other recommendations also stand out:

  1. Noni oil - helps to protect the skin from sunburn, eliminates dryness.
  2. Shampoos of even world brands here are much better in quality than those that are sold in our stores.
  3. Scrubs not only have cleansing properties, but also leave behind an incredibly pleasant scent.
  4. Salt and Mineral Deodorants - Help to cope with profuse perspiration without harming the skin.
  5. Toothpaste - especially black in color, is considered very beneficial for the gums and whitens the enamel well.
  6. Cream or serum with snail extract - perfectly copes with inflamed skin, eliminates acne, blackheads and other rashes.
  7. Face masks based on bamboo, algae, collagen, etc.
  8. Souvenir soap - not only helps to cope with problems on the face, but also looks very impressive, in itself is a lovely and beautiful gift.

Medicines

What souvenirs can be brought from Thailand to grandmothers, grandfathers, parents? For this, there is only one correct answer - balms, ointments and other medicines. Here they are made on the basis of snake venom, scorpion, natural essential oils, etc.

Most of them are applied externally and have warming properties. Tiger Balm has proven itself very well, but there are other options. Also, local healers prepare amazing infusions from herbs and other ingredients that help increase immunity.

Latex pillows

Having visited Phuket, you will definitely take the opportunity to restore health through massage and other wellness procedures. But now you can fully relax at home during a night's sleep. So, almost all tourists who take care of their health purchase high-quality latex pillows in Thailand.

Due to the elasticity and elasticity, which is not lost over time, it is possible to achieve reliability and strength. Products made from it can last up to 20 years. After sleeping on such a pillow, the neck does not hurt, and the muscles are completely relaxed and rested. Real latex is distinguished by a grayish tint, oily texture and a specific odor.

Video: review of purchases from Thailand.

Depending on your preferences, financial capabilities and free space in your suitcase, you will be able to come up with many more interesting purchases that will turn out to be profitable and useful in Thailand. This and:

  • Appliances
  • electronic gadgets
  • hammocks
  • silk
  • Summer clothes
  • leather products, etc.

In order not to spend all the money only on souvenirs, try to decide in advance on gifts for family and friends. Remember also about the restrictions on the size of luggage, as well as individual bans on the export of certain items from Thailand.


Watch the video: Exotic Fruits of Hawaii - Abiu, Surinam Cherry, Velvet Apple, Longan, Sweetsop, Peanut Butter Fruit!


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