Onions are one of the most popular plants that are planted and grown by almost all summer residents and gardeners in the open field on their land plots. Of course, everyone has long known that onions are an excellent prophylaxis against diseases, besides, it contains many useful vitamins for our body. And especially novice summer residents often have questions: when to plant sevok? How to prepare it for outdoor planting? What care should be taken to get a good harvest of seedlings? Other. This is what will be discussed below.
Planting onion sets (nigella) does not take too long. Minimal care is required, besides, it behaves very steadily until cold and drought. In the process of preparing the sets, first of all, you need to sort out. Remove dry, "naked", diseased, damaged or germinated fruits. It is also necessary to sort the onions by size, since planting in open ground first of all, large bulbs are necessary, and only then smaller ones (medium, small).
If you are not planting nigella (onion seeds, which are sown in the first year, and from the second the seed is planted), but your own seed, stored at t = 19-22 degrees Celsius, in this case there is no need to pre-warm it ... If the seed is purchased on the market or in a store, it is important to warm it up a few days before sowing. You can place it near warm heaters, a gas stove, or a boiler. A suitable temperature regime is 35-40 degrees Celsius.
You can use an alternative method of preparing the sets. Before you start planting it, you need to pour the onion into a container with sufficiently hot water (about 70 degrees) for about 20 minutes, then put it in cold water. Without doing this before planting, there is a very high percentage of the likelihood that the entire set will go into the arrow.
For preliminary soaking of nigella, the following method can be used: pour nitroammofosku, ammofosku, ROST-1 or another complex fertilizer (1 tbsp. L.) With 10 liters of water. Immerse the onion directly in the cloth bag in this solution for 10 hours. After that, do not rinse it. Dip the sevok in a bag into a solution of copper sulfate (for 10 liters of water, 1 tsp. Means) to prevent fungi and other diseases. Rinse with clean water and you can plant the seedlings in the ground.
All gardeners always change the place of planting crops in their beds. After all, some plants can bear fruit perfectly in the same place. As for onion sets, it should be grown in the same places as zucchini, cabbage, tomato, legumes (peas and beans), potatoes. If at least one of the varieties of onions was previously grown on the site, there will be no sense. Such a site is unsuitable for planting sevka. Here for him there are probably many pests, the soil "impoverished" in nutrients for onions. The predecessors are also unsuitable: carrots, garlic, cucumbers.
If the question is about exactly when to plant nigella or sevok, rely on the recommendations of experts and pros in this matter. Many people believe that it is necessary to plant in the spring, from the moment the average daily temperature level is within 10 degrees Celsius. This is roughly the end of April.
During the growing season, it is important to loosen the onion: at least five times, with a depth of no more than five centimeters. Watering is also important during the growing process. When there is about a month left before harvesting, watering stops.
Onions are very popular. Its healing properties are amazing! In addition, it contains phytoncides that improve the taste of food as well as digestion and assimilation.
Recommendations and the process of planting onion sets in open ground at a summer cottage.
It is difficult to say exactly when to plant nigella in the ground in the spring. The main thing is that the earth is heated up to ten centimeters in depth. If we talk about the spring months, then roughly - this is the end of April. The sowing of onions must not be delayed, at the same time, as it is impossible, to plant them in the still cold, unheated soil. In any case, be guided by the soil temperature.
Be sure to properly prepare the set. Dry it if you bought it in a store. When the material was grown in your own garden, but stored at t = less than 18 degrees Celsius, it is important to warm it up. Before planting the seedlings, in any case, disinfect (a solution of potassium permanganate or vitriol - 10 l / 35 g).
There is an excellent recipe for preparing seedlings for planting in the spring, so that cultivation and care are enjoyable, and the harvest only pleases: dry the material for a week at a temperature of 20-25 degrees Celsius, soak the seedlings in a solution before sowing (2 tablespoons for 2 liters of water salt). Rinse the bulbs, dip them in a saturated potassium permanganate solution and rinse after two hours. When all this has been done, you can plant it in the soil.
When to plant a meadow before winter? How is it grown and taken care of in this case? In fact, this method of sowing has existed for a very long time, but not all gardeners use it. Although recently, this method has begun to attract great interest. Everything is simple enough.
If you have already encountered planting a sevka, then you probably know that keeping it up to this point is not a very easy thing. Growing winter onion sets does not require pre-storage, so this is already an advantage. In addition, in the autumn season, the cost of planting materials is much lower, always! In addition, in the fall, there is already less workload in the garden, while in the spring many crops are sown. Well, and the main advantage is the yield, since it is much higher in contrast to the spring planting of seedlings!
In autumn, bulbs are larger and more even than spring ones. In addition, the onion does not start up arrows in the fall, and due to this, the fruits ripen well and are of good quality. Seedlings begin faster than spring ones by almost a month, and also faster than weeds, they are quite resistant to fungal diseases and they are not worried about the onion fly. Accordingly, the care of autumn onions is minimal!
To increase the yield of onions, it is important to follow the rules and basics for caring for them in the beds. The crop is very moisture-loving, so water abundantly. At the same time, consider the weather conditions. During the entire growing season, watering is carried out twice a week. From July, the abundance of water can be reduced, since too much of it can be harmful and negatively affect the quality of the bulbs. For two to three weeks before harvest, do not water it at all.
It is very important to fertilize the soil as it directly affects the quality of the yield. For the first time, you can feed onions with manure solutions after two weeks from planting. Further, at least in three weeks - a month.
Once a season, you can apply dry mineral fertilizers to the soil. Regularly and very carefully you need to arrange weeding of onion beds. Due to the many weeds, excess moisture can form in the soil, which will negatively affect the onion (fungus may appear).
Be sure to loosen the soil during the entire growing period for oxygenation and the growth of onion roots is facilitated. Consider the fact that onions can get sick, but by properly processing them, you can prevent this trouble. You can also periodically arrange disease prevention by spraying with this solution: 1 tsp vitriol + 1 tbsp. laundry soap in liquid form for 10 liters of water. Mix well and spray the leaves, but only when they are at least twelve centimeters high. In addition, wood ash can be sprinkled on the ground. The frequency of treatments is once every 20 days.
Methods and methods of planting onion sets in open ground.
Onion sets are a popular vegetable that is healthy, tasty, and gives a wonderful spicy flavor to dishes. In addition, onion sets are the first stage in the development of onions. Planting this vegetable crop is possible both in spring and before winter. But most often in our country, gardeners choose the first option, since winters in many regions are sometimes unpredictable.
The culture is notable for its low demands on the composition of the soil, care, but it requires protection from some diseases. How to properly plant onion sets in open ground - we will tell about this in the article. In addition, we will give a description of this culture, and find out how to care for onions growing in a garden bed.
Planting red onions is carried out in several ways. You can use both sowing and seeds - in both cases, the culture demonstrates good germination.
Planting with sevkom allows you to get a plentiful, fairly fast and tasty harvest of onion turnips. The algorithm looks like this:
About 20 cm should be left between the rows of red onions so that the plants do not interfere with each other during development.
When planting red onion sets, the tops of the turnips are left above the ground.
You can propagate red onions by seeds, sowing them directly into the ground. Usually the method is used in the southern regions, where already in the middle of spring there are all conditions for planting a crop.
The seeding and cultivation scheme is as follows:
At the initial stage, after planting the crop, it is recommended to cover the bed with a film to create greenhouse conditions. Remove it when the first shoots form.
Red onions from seeds germinate best at a temperature of 20-25 ° C
At the late onset of spring, the culture is most often grown by seedlings, and with the arrival of heat, the mature seedlings are transferred to the ground. Planting red onions at home is done as follows:
After the formation of green shoots, the shelter is removed from the boxes and the seedlings are transferred to a well-lit room with a temperature of about 15 ° C. As the red onion develops, the seedlings are watered, and ten days before planting in open ground, they begin to harden in the fresh air. Seedlings are usually transferred to the garden in late April or early May. By the time of planting in the ground, the red onion should release at least three feathers.
Planting purple onion sets is recommended in springtime. In this case, underground turnips will definitely not die from frost, and the culture will give a bountiful harvest towards the end of summer.
At the same time, winter sowing is not prohibited. Cold-hardy red onion varieties are suitable for planting in the fall. The procedure looks like this:
The first watering for red onions is carried out only ten days after transfer to the ground. With the onset of frost, the site is mulched with straw and fallen leaves to protect it from the cold. Planting blue onions before winter with seeds should be done according to the same algorithm.
When planted before winter, about 25% of the seeds or heads of red onions may die.
In order for the greens to delight with the maximum yield throughout the entire summer season, you need to know when to plant onion sets in open ground. In principle, it will be difficult to make a mistake here, because as soon as warm weather sets in and at least some manipulations with the ground can be carried out, then onions can be safely planted on greens.
But, if you go into gardening skills, then it should be noted that the onion set is to some extent unique. The fact is that it can be planted at different times of the year. Not only in spring, but also in autumn. Let's consider all the stages of this process in more detail.
Preparing the soil for planting onions
It is necessary to choose a place in the garden where you plan to plant onion sets in the spring from the fall. Loamy soils are best suited for this crop. You can safely refuse a plot with acidic soil right away. Onion sets will grow well on that piece of land where, a year before planting, zucchini and cucumbers, potatoes, tomatoes and legumes, as well as melons, grew.
The bow loves light and this must be remembered. In principle, you can choose the sunniest place on your site for it. It should be remembered that on one plot of land, onion sets are grown only every 3-4 years. So, the beginning of May is the right time to plant onion sets in open ground in 2015. But choosing a site and preparing the soil is best in the fall.
Important! It is recommended to add wood ash to it before digging up the soil. A bucket of ash is enough for five meters of square plot. This simple manipulation will reduce the number of pests in the ground.
Sowing onion sets in spring
If we consider in detail the question of when to plant onion sets in open ground in the Moscow region or another region, then you can focus on the temperature. In the spring, you can land when the air temperature has reached only three degrees Celsius and the frost stopped at night. These conditions are enough for the bow to ascend successfully.
Important! If you have planted onions, but you see that the temperature still drops below zero at night, then you need to additionally cover the beds with foil at night. You can then cook chicken liver: recipes for fried with onions.
Sowing is carried out in wide strips. This means that it is enough to leave the distance between the centers of the strips about 30 cm. It is enough to lay the sets to a depth of no more than three centimeters. Then, in order to get a constant harvest of green onions, you can plant a set after another two weeks and do this constantly during the summer season. To get a green onion, like from a conveyor belt.
Sowing winter onions
Such an onion sprouts a month and a half earlier than the one that will be sown in the spring. Onions of this type can even withstand frosts up to 15 degrees of cold, when there is no snow cover on the ground. If there is snow, then the temperature may be even lower.
For seeding, the same broadband method is used. As in the spring. But it is necessary to choose the right varieties and hybrids of winter onion sets so that the culture does not die at low temperatures and gives a harvest on time.
Spring planting care
If we compare information from experienced gardeners, they come to the conclusion that it is best to plant the sevok at the beginning of May. There are definitely no frosts and other unpleasant nuances with weather conditions that can affect the active growth of culture. At the beginning of May, planting will be carried out only under the film, but the planting, which has been planted since mid-May, no longer needs shelter.
Important! Onion sets are much smaller in size than common onion bulbs. These are onions from the first seed harvest and for a good harvest of greens, forcing in the arrow, they fit perfectly.
In order for the onion sets to sprout well and quickly, to give high-quality greens, you must:
• Warm up the seedlings to 45 degrees for 10 hours 14 days before the planned planting in open ground. This can be done by placing the bow on the battery. Then sort the onions and remove the dry and painful bulbs. This is an excellent prevention of the development of a disease such as powdery mildew.
• Douse with boiling water for just a couple of seconds before disembarking. Then the yield will not decrease, even if, suddenly, frosts come.
• Plant onions in ground that is at least 7 degrees Celsius. It is also important that the ground is moist.
• Plant the bulbs to a depth of about 3 cm, and leave the distance between the sets of 8 cm. An excellent way to prevent disease is to cover the grooves with ash before planting.
• When the onions are planted, the beds can be watered immediately. As for watering as you grow, it is definitely required only in dry and hot weather.
• It is imperative to loosen the soil to activate growth. Of course, weeds and crust that forms after rain or watering should be removed.
Interesting! Next to the beds on which you have planted onion sets, you can safely plant carrots. This is because the substances that carrot greens release scare off such an active pest of onions as onion fly.
Of course, it is also important to pay attention when planting onion sets in open ground according to the Lunar calendar. On the pages of our site, you can find the Lunar calendar for the gardener, both for the whole year, and separately for months. Observing all the planting conditions described in this article, onion sets will delight with juicy and healthy greens from early spring to late autumn.
Landing in previously prepared soil is carried out in rows with a distance of 25 cm between them. This is quite enough for carrying out various agrotechnical measures of weeding and loosening. Depending on the size of the bulb, the distance between them is chosen within 8-13 cm. The depth should be 2-3 cm. It is in this position that the roots of the plant will be in the moist soil layer. A shallower planting will lead to an active growth of the green mass to the detriment of the development of the root system. Greater depth will make it difficult for seedlings to germinate and move the ripening period. Non-compliance with the recommended parameters will inevitably affect the results in the fall.
Onion sets can be bought almost everywhere (in markets, gardening stores and even grocery stores). But experienced gardeners prefer to grow it on their own from nigella, although this process is quite laborious, there are several reasons.
The result of painstaking work is healthy seeding
Firstly, purchased material is often a waste of material and it is not clear what will grow out of this. Secondly, it is not known how this plant was grown (whether pesticides, fertilizers were used). Thirdly, when growing your own seedlings, you can be sure that the resulting material will be of excellent quality and adapted to the soil, the climate in which it is planned to cultivate the vegetable in the future.