Kalanchoe: growing from seeds, reproduction, transplanting, species, photo


Houseplants

Botanical description

Kalanchoe (lat.Kalanchoe) - depending on the species, they can be herbaceous perennials, shrubs or succulent plants. In total, more than 200 species of Kalanchoe are known, and the genus itself is part of the Tolstyankov family. Natural habitat - tropical zones of Australia, Asia and America.
The leaves differ from each other in different species. Usually thick, may be strongly or poorly dissected, may be sessile, or may have a petiole. Red, white, yellow or purple flowers gather in umbrella-shaped inflorescences.
Almost all types of Kalanchoe tolerate growing well in indoor conditions. The main thing is to adhere to the recommendations for caring for the Kalanchoe at home.

Briefly about growing

  • Bloom: within a month from the end of winter.
  • Lighting: daylight hours under bright diffused light should last 12 hours.
  • Temperature: in summer - from 18 to 28 ºC, in winter - from 14 to 18 ºC. Lowering the temperature to 10 ºC and below is unacceptable.
  • Watering: through the pallet: during the growing season - moderate, as soon as the top layer of the substrate dries, in winter the substrate should dry by a third between waterings.
  • Air humidity: common for living quarters, but spraying with warm water is recommended in hot weather.
  • Top dressing: in summer and autumn (during budding) - weekly fertilizer for cacti and succulents. Organic fertilizers can be applied no more than twice a month.
  • Cropping: after flowering, you need to cut off all the peduncles.
  • Rest period: within 1-1.5 months after the end of flowering.
  • Transfer: at the beginning of active growth, after the roots of the plant fill the pot.
  • Substrate: four parts of sod land, two parts of leaf and one part of peat and sand. Ready-made substrate for succulents and cacti is also suitable.
  • Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
  • Pests: mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites, aphids.
  • Diseases: powdery mildew, late blight, gray rot, stem rot, annular leaf spot.
  • Properties: Kalanchoe is a medicinal plant with anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, wound healing, hemostatic and bactericidal action.

Read more about growing Kalanchoe below.

Kalanchoe photo

Kalanchoe care at home

Lighting

For Kalanchoe at home, the optimal daylight hours are 12 hours. Therefore, the best place for a Kalanchoe pot from spring to autumn is the windows on the east or west side. In winter, it is better to put the flower on the southern windowsill. If the daylight hours are very short in winter, then it should be brought to the desired level with the help of additional artificial lighting.

Temperature

The Kalanchoe flower in indoor conditions feels good at almost any temperature. Within reasonable limits, of course. These limits in summer range from 18 to 28 ° C, and in winter from 14 to 18 ° C. A drop in temperature below 10 ° C threatens disease and death of the Kalanchoe. Low temperature (14-18 ° C) promotes bud formation.

Watering Kalanchoe

Homemade Kalanchoe is watered with soft warm settled water. Watering as the top layer of the soil dries up, in no case letting the earthy coma dry out completely - this leads to massive leaf fall in Kalanchoe. In winter, watered 3-4 days after the substrate dries. Watering can be done through the pallet.

Spraying

The houseplant Kalanchoe does not need spraying, but in hot weather this will only have a positive effect on the development of the plant. If the plant is not sprayed, nothing bad will happen. The leaves of the Kalanchoe indoor flower are fleshy, sometimes pubescent, moisture evaporates weakly.

Top dressing

Kalanchoe needs fertilization only in the summer, as well as during the budding period in the fall. Fertilizers can be taken the same that are intended for feeding cacti. In the summer, mineral fertilizers are used 4 times a month, and organic fertilizers - 2 times.

Pruning

Since many Kalanchoe species shed old leaves, these shoots can be cut and planted separately or in the same pot. In other species, the shoots roll over the edge of the pot - they can also be cut and planted nearby, or they can be left hanging.

Bloom

For good flowering, daylight hours in the spring-autumn period should be no more than 10-12 hours, but the lighting at this time should be very bright. The flowers of some varieties can be cut and placed in a vase, where they can stand for more than one week. When the indoor Kalanchoe has faded, some of the stems are cut off, giving the plant a beautiful appearance. Do not discard the cut shoots, but use them for cuttings.

Kalanchoe transplant

Kalanchoe is transplanted only if the plant has grown strongly. Expanded clay or small-sized bricks are poured at the bottom of the pot, which will allow excess water to leave. Young specimens are planted in a substrate consisting of sod land, deciduous, sand and peat (4: 2: 1: 1). You can use a store-bought succulent substrate. Epiphytic Kalanchoe will not be superfluous to add a little humus to the soil mixture.

Propagation by cuttings

You can root either a piece of a stem or a leaf. All you need to do is separate the leaf from the mother plant in early summer and plant it in nutrient soil. The sheet should be covered with a jar and sprayed from time to time. Soon the leaf will sprout.

Growing from seeds

Kalanchoe reproduces well by seeds. Sowing seeds is carried out in late winter - early spring in deciduous soil. It is sown on the surface, after which it is pressed down with a finger, without sprinkling it with soil on top. The container with seeds is covered with glass and paper, ventilated in the morning and in the evening, and the temperature is not allowed to fall below 16 ° C and rise above 20 ° C. The earth is regularly watered with warm water, not allowing it to dry out completely. When the first shoots appear, the glass and paper are removed. After 3-4 weeks, the sprouts dive into a larger container. The next transplant is done when 3-4 leaves appear on the Kalanchoe. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pot, and a mixture of peat, turf and sand (4: 2: 1) is poured on top. When the Kalanchoe indoor flower takes root, the top must be pinched for better branching. Transplant the Kalanchoe the next time the roots fill the pot. The soil is made up of compost, humus, deciduous soil and sand (4: 2: 1: 1). The first flowering can be observed the next year.

Healing properties

Kalanchoe pinnate juice has an anti-inflammatory effect. It is used in gynecology, dentistry. The juice promotes the healing of ulcers, burns, frostbite. Helps in the treatment of stomatitis and tonsillitis. The range of applications is very wide - such a plant is just a home first aid kit.

Diseases and pests

Mold can appear on the Kalanchoe if the plant is over-watered at low air temperatures.

The plant can get sick with powdery mildew if the flower is watered too abundantly at elevated air temperatures.

In some species, the stems become bare and elongated - there is no need to worry, this process is natural for this plant.

Views

Kalanchoe bentii

This Kalanchoe comes from the Arabian Peninsula. The species is represented by powerful shrubs, which grow up to 1 m in height. The leaves are thick and long - up to almost 0.5 m, round in shape, growing in six pairs. White flowers grow on an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. The flowering period is mid to late spring. Feels best in cool rooms.

Kalanchoe Beharskoe / Kalanchoe beharensis

Lives in the south of Madagascar. The species is represented by shrubs. Shoots of this species become bare over time from below. The leaves are covered with hairs, the edge of the leaf is solid, and sometimes a little toothed. Flowers less than 1 cm long, also pubescent.

Kalanchoe Blossfeld / Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Habitat - Madagascar island. The species is represented by erect low shrubs - up to 30 cm in height. Leaves are green with red edges, ovoid (length - 7 cm, width - 4 cm), not pubescent. The flowers are red, erect, gather in umbellate inflorescences. The usual flowering period is from late winter to early summer. Bred forms with orange, yellow, white, pink and other flowers.

Kalanchoe Felt / Kalanchoe tomentosa

Lives in Madagascar. The species is represented by dwarf shrubs. Shoots pubescent, erect. Leaves are sessile, elongated-ovoid (up to 6 cm long and up to 1.5 cm wide), the edge is even. Small flowers grow on the umbrella-shaped inflorescence.

Kalanchoe daigremontiana

Habitat - Madagascar. This species is herbaceous perennials, growing up to 0.5 m in height. The leaves are variegated from top to bottom. The upper part of the leaf is gray-green in color, the edges are uneven, not pubescent, elongated-elliptical in shape (up to 10 cm long). The leaves are covered with purple spots. The inflorescence is a panicle. Corolla tube up to 1.5 cm long, petals up to 5 mm long, pink. The flowering period is winter.

Kalanchoe grandiflora / Kalanchoe grandiflora

Also known as Kalanchoe marble (Kalanchoe marmorata). This genus is from India, a shrub just over 0.5 m in height. The leaves are green (over time, they can turn reddish if the flower is in the sun), large-toothed. The petioles are short. The flowers are pale yellow, gather in umbellate inflorescences. The flowering period is May, it smells very nice.

Kalanchoe manginii / Kalanchoe manginii

This is an ampelous species of Kalanchoe, which is very similar to Blossfeld's Kalanchoe, but differs in larger flowers that hang down, rather than erect. The flowering period usually falls in the spring.

Kalanchoe paniculata / Kalanchoe thyrsiflora

These are tall herbaceous perennials (up to 60 cm tall). The leaves are egg-shaped, taper towards the base, up to 15 cm long and up to 7 cm wide. Leaves grow densely at the base and the higher, the less often and smaller new silvery-white leaves grow. It blooms at the end of spring with yellow flowers up to 1.5 cm long, petals up to 5 mm in diameter. It reproduces well in children that appear after flowering.

Kalanchoe marble / Kalanchoe marmorata

This species has many names and is also known as Kalanchoe grandiflora (Kalanchoe grandiflora) and Somali Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe somaliensis). Grows in the mountains of Ethiopia. These are Kalanchoe - half-meter half-shrubs. The leaves are green (turn gray over time) covered with lilac or brown spots. The shape of the leaf is ovoid, but the leaf is tapering at the base and has notches along the edge. White flowers are collected on an umbrella-shaped inflorescence. The corolla tube is up to 8 cm long; the petals are shaped like an elongated egg.

Kalanchoe pinnata / Kalanchoe pinnata

Homeland - Madagascar. Tall herbaceous perennials - up to 1 m in height. The leaves on the same plant are different from each other. The lower leaves are simple, usually ovoid with a heart-shaped base, and the lower ones are pinnate, with three to five leaves. The color of the leaves is green. The corolla tube is white-green and the petals are reddish.

Flaming Kalanchoe / Kalanchoe flammea

It can be found under the name of the glaucous Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe glaucescens). Homeland - Somalia. Low herbaceous perennials, which reach a height of 40 cm. Leaves are ovoid, up to 8 cm long and up to 3 cm wide, tapering at the base, broadly rounded on the other side, serrated. The flowers are bright red and bright orange, collected in umbellate inflorescences. The petals are up to 2 cm in diameter, the corolla tube is slightly widened.

Kalanchoe tubular / Kalanchoe tubiflora

Originally from Madagascar. This species is tall dwarf shrubs or herbaceous perennials, growing up to 70 cm in height. The leaves are narrow, green with a gray tinge and covered with brown spots, up to 12 cm long. The corolla tube is up to 2.5 cm long, red.

Dissected Kalanchoe / Kalanchoe laciniata

Herbaceous perennial from Africa. The shoots are fleshy, bare over time and begin to slope to the ground. The leaves are serrate, dense and fleshy, heavily dissected, waxy, light green in color. Flowers are yellow-orange, tubular.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the Tolstyanka family
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information
  6. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Houseplants Beautiful flowering Ornamental deciduous Crassula Medicinal Plants on K


Caring for calathea at home

Calathea is a rather capricious and demanding flower that reacts sharply to improper care. But some of its varieties are more unpretentious. Most often, Bahema, Makoya, Vich calatheas are grown at home, decorated, striped and other similar types of calatheas are also undemanding.

Lighting

In nature, Calathea lives in forests, located under a canopy, where the direct rays of the sun do not penetrate. It needs warmth and light to develop, but too bright lighting can harm the plant. An excess of sunlight will lead to browning of the foliage, and a lack of them will make the leaf blades too pale. In addition, due to the bright light, the flower may fold its leaves. The optimal place will be a place with light partial shade, where direct rays do not reach. Flowering species of calathea are more demanding on lighting, while artificial light will not suit them, so such flowers should be kept closer to the window than others.

Temperature

The lower threshold for growing calathea is 16 degrees. Optimal conditions for a plant are temperatures up to 24 degrees. In the native forests of Calathea, constant conditions are maintained, therefore, sudden changes in temperature in a room with a flower are unacceptable. Otherwise, the leaves will become soft and may rot. Any such changes should be smooth. In addition, the bushes must be protected from drafts.

Watering mode

Abundant watering is required for kalatee during the growth period - in summer and spring. The liquid from the pan must be drained regularly, otherwise it can lead to rotting of the plant roots. In winter, water the flower less often. The soil in the container should remain slightly damp, but not damp. Usually, in warm periods, calathea is watered once every 2-3 days, and in winter - about once a week.

To moisten the soil, only very soft, rain or melt water is used. Plain tap water will do, but it will need to be pretreated. At night, several handfuls of peat, wrapped in a thin cloth, are placed in a bucket filled with water. In the morning, you can already water the flower with such a liquid. It is desirable that it be warm enough. When watering calathea, drops should not fall on the foliage. If the sun then hits the bush, it can cause burns.

Humidity level

High humidity is vital for healthy growth and development. Ideally, it should be up to 90%. It will be very difficult to achieve such a value at home, so they just try to moisten the foliage of the flower as often as possible, wipe it with a damp cloth or wash it with a shower. To do this, you must use warm water.

But you can only wash and wipe glossy smooth foliage, and this method will not work for calathea with a velvety leaf surface. In such cases, a pallet with wet moss or pebbles is used for moistening. The pot should be installed on it so that the bottom does not come into contact with water. Dust from such leaves is carefully removed with a dry napkin. You can also use a soft brush, taking care not to damage the surface of the sheet.

To create the necessary conditions for the calathea, the easiest way is to use automatic humidifiers or place the flower in an aquarium or florarium. It will be much easier to maintain high humidity there.

High air dryness is the main enemy of the plant. Because of her, the foliage of the calathea becomes lethargic and lifeless, or becomes covered with spots. It is advisable to keep the plant away from heating appliances, even if for this the pot will have to be rearranged further from the light.

The soil

The soil mixture for growing calathea should be light, loose, air-conducting and slightly acidic. You can use ready-made soil for arrowroot or rhododendrons. If the land is prepared independently, peat, humus, leafy soil and half of the previously calcined river sand are taken for it. You can add a little coniferous soil to the substrate, as well as crushed coal or pieces of bark. Too dense substrate will make it difficult for oxygen to flow to the roots of the plant, and the flower may suffocate.

Top dressing

Calathea needs periodic feeding, but an excess of nutrients can harm the plant. The fertilization period lasts from mid-spring to late August. Twice a month, special formulations for species with beautiful foliage are introduced into the soil, trying to halve the recommended dosage. Two types of calathea - saffron and Varshevich - need to be fertilized using formulations for flowers. Nitrogen and calcium-containing dressings should be avoided.


Echinocactus breeding methods

Growing from seeds

Echinocactus can be propagated by seeds or babies. The first option is used quite often. The seeds of these plants can be found in the store. They have good germination, but need preliminary preparation. The seeds are placed in hot (up to 50 degrees) water for a couple of hours. Due to the strong shell of such seeds, some of the sprouts may not sprout, and sometimes they sprout with their roots up. You can use for processing soaking in a solution of a growth stimulant or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

The container for planting echinocactus is filled with steamed sand, having previously laid a layer of expanded clay drainage on its bottom. Sowing is usually carried out in February-April. Seeds are spread on the sand without sprinkling or burying them, and then slightly moisten the soil. From above, the container is covered with foil and placed in a warm and bright place. Every day, the film is briefly removed, allowing the crops to ventilate, and, if necessary, spray the substrate with water. The sprouts should appear in a couple of weeks, after which they continue to be kept under cover for about a month, and then slowly weaned them off. When the seedlings get stronger, they dive into their own cups, replanting them again in the sand. Repeated transplants are carried out at the stage of the appearance of the first thorns, as well as when the thickness of the stem increases to 5 cm. After that, the seedling can already be planted in ordinary soil for cacti.

Reproduction by children

On adult plants of echinocactus, baby cacti can form. This most often occurs after damage to the stem. Sometimes, to obtain such offspring, the top of the stem is slightly scratched on purpose, but it is important not to overdo it - damage to the stem makes the echinocactus more susceptible to the development of rot.

When such shoots grow up, and they turn from six months to a year, the children are separated from the main bush and transplanted into the sand for rooting, providing them with a greenhouse in the form of a jar or bag. Before planting, it is necessary to dry a cut of such a cactus until it is covered with a film. For safety, you can also sprinkle crushed coal on the cut points on both plants. To prevent the planted baby from falling, you can prop it up with chopsticks or toothpicks. The roots of such a shoot will form in a couple of months, after which it will be possible to transplant it into a permanent pot.

Sometimes the children are not separated, but left on the main plant. So it looks more unusual.


Interesting facts about Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe is called "the doctor on the windowsill" for a reason. There is an assumption that its medicinal properties were discovered by the literary genius and connoisseur of indoor plants J.W. Goethe. Succulent juice contains manganese, flavonoids, iron, copper, manganese and a complex of vitamins. It has anti-inflammatory, bactericidal and wound healing effects.

ON THE PICTURE: Favorite indoor succulent will successfully replace many pharmacy products.

With the help of Kalanchoe, skin diseases, ulcers, abscesses, abscesses, burns and frostbite are treated. In combination with other herbal ingredients, Kalanchoe helps with gastritis, periodontal disease, gynecological diseases, runny nose and sore throat. The extract from the plant is used in cosmetology and is included in the composition of "white" cosmetics.

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