How to choose a garden sprayer: what models are there and what is better to buy?


Only healthy plants can truly decorate a summer cottage and bring a good harvest. Experienced gardeners know that it is very difficult to cope with pests without the use of special tools. Garden sprayers are used to treat fruit trees and shrubs, berry crops and other plants grown on the site. This equipment facilitates the process of applying pesticides and biological products that destroy harmful microorganisms. You can also use it when carrying out foliar dressing, spraying biostimulants and fertilizers, prepared, among other things, with your own hands. Manufacturers produce various models of sprayers, among which you can choose the most suitable option, taking into account the area of ​​the garden area and the number of plantings that need to be treated. Of no small importance are other technical characteristics of sprayers that have a direct impact on the functionality and ease of use of this type of garden equipment.

In this video you can get acquainted with the main types of sprayers and find out how they differ from each other:

Manual sprayer models: simple and cheap

For processing seedlings and vegetables grown in the greenhouse, as well as small flower beds, one or two fruit trees, a hand sprayer is suitable. This simple device is a small plastic container equipped with a lid with a pump pump built into it. The pump is necessary in order to manually pump the required level of pressure inside the container, under the action of which the liquid solution is sprayed after pressing a button or a special lever provided on the handle.

The hand-held garden sprayers are easy to hold in the hand as their volume does not exceed two liters. It is possible to purchase devices with a volume of 1 liter or 500 ml. All models of hand sprayers are equipped with a filter to prevent clogging of the nozzle, a safety valve to release excess air. The scale applied to the container body simplifies the process of controlling the solution flow rate. The liquid flow is regulated by a nozzle tip, thanks to which you can organize a fine atomization or send a powerful stream of solution to the object to be treated.

Important! Brand awareness affects the cost of products. Garden sprayers Sadko manufactured in Slovenia are several times cheaper than similar products manufactured by the German company Gardena.

Manual models of garden sprayers are equipped with small-volume containers that allow you to treat small areas of the garden with chemical and biological preparations

Pump models of sprayers on the belt

To carry out the processing of large areas of plantings, it is worth purchasing a pump-action garden sprayer, the capacity of which varies from 3 to 12 liters. To make it easier to carry the device around the site, the manufacturer supplies these models with special belts. The pump pump, also built into the sprayer lid, makes it possible to create a pressure in the tank of 3-4 atmospheres. The design of this equipment provides for the presence of a one and a half meter hose to which a handle and a rod with a nozzle tip are attached. The rod length can be from 1 to 3 meters.

Pump-action garden sprayers on a belt, which makes them easier to carry during the treatment of plantations grown in a summer cottage

The process of spraying liquid is controlled by a button or a lever located on the handle. In some models, the position of the button is fixed, which allows you to spray drugs for a long time. When the pressure in the tank drops, air is pumped using a pump. Then proceed to further spraying the prepared solution. Pump sprayers with 12-liter containers are in demand among gardeners, as they allow you to process up to 30 acres of land at a time. When choosing a pump garden sprayer, you should pay attention to the products of the Polish manufacturer Marolex (Moroleks).

Design features of knapsack garden sprayers

It is better to treat plots with an area of ​​up to 50 acres with a knapsack garden sprayer, the volume of which can reach up to 20 liters. Manufacturers also produce models with containers of 12, 15, 18 liters. The main difference of this type of spray equipment is the pressure build-up method. The achievement of the required pressure value does not take place in the container with chemicals, but in the pump chamber. Thanks to this design feature, the safety of the installation is increased, since in case of a possible rupture of the chamber from increased pressure, pesticides will not fall on the person who is processing the plantings.

Knapsack models of garden sprayers are securely fixed on the back of the operator who is processing the territory of the suburban area. The left hand builds up pressure in the device, and the right hand holds the spray boom

Knapsack sprayer models have wide straps that allow you to carry them behind your back, like a backpack. To securely fix the position of the product behind the operator's back, there is also a waist belt attached to the lower part of the body. This belt prevents the device from shifting to the sides and sliding down, pressing on the shoulders of the person.

There is a handle on the side of the sprayer that allows you to build up pressure in the pump chamber. During operation, one hand of the operator is involved in pressurizing the apparatus, and the other directs the boom with the sprayer to the objects being processed. Some models can be adapted for left-handed and right-handed users by moving the handle to the comfortable side.

Important! The Sadko knapsack sprayer (Slovenia) will be the cheapest for the buyer. Next in cost is the Chinese model of the Grinda company. The 12-liter German backpack-type sprayer Gardena Comfort Backpack Sprayer is twice as expensive as its Chinese counterpart, and practically does not differ in functions.

Battery sprayers: silent handling

If you have finances, experts recommend getting a backpack battery sprayer, which frees the operator from the need to manually pressurize. An electric drive is responsible for this process, which is powered by a battery. The operator is able to guide the bar with both hands, which is much more comfortable and easier. The battery is charged by connecting to a regular power supply (220 V).

Electric sprayer models differ from each other not only in the volume of the tank and the ergonomics of its shape, but also in the duration of work without recharging. For example, the Italian Stocker 15-liter electric knapsack sprayer is capable of working on a single charge for 8 hours. This is important if processing is done away from the energy source. The lack of noise is another undeniable advantage of this type of spray.

Silent garden sprayer model with battery for hours of operation on a single charge

Farm motorized sprayers

For large-scale crop growers, motorized sprayers, carried behind their backs or carried on wheels, are suitable. This type of spray is powered by gasoline engines, the power of which varies from 2 to 5 horsepower. The more powerful the engine, the further and higher the jet of solution is thrown out. Among sprayers with gasoline engines, you can find models that work not only with liquid preparations, but also with powdered ones. The process of spraying fertilizers or pesticides is automated as much as possible, so a person does not have to put much effort when working with this garden equipment.

Garden knapsack sprayers with gasoline engines of different capacities spray a disinfecting solution over a distance of 8-12 meters

Important points for choosing a specific model

When choosing garden sprayers, pay attention to the following points:

  • material for making the body, nozzles, rods;
  • quality of connection of parts and assemblies;
  • completing the model with additional attachments;
  • availability of instructions in Russian;
  • brand awareness;
  • reliability of fastening belts;
  • maintainability;
  • availability of spare parts and consumables for the purchased model;
  • warranty period, subject to the territorial availability of service centers.

Be sure to try on your sprayer at the store to make sure your model is comfortable to use. Check the functionality of all parts, paying particular attention to the correct function of the safety valve.

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Moving

The device with a small 3-5 liter tank is carried in the hand - there is a comfortable non-slip handle.

Models with a voluminous tank are supplied with belts (backpack), can be mounted on wheels.

Knapsack devices have pads on the tank itself, which exclude back trauma. Wide belts, waist support provided. With such a sprayer it is convenient to work on a stepladder and narrow paths in the garden.

Equipment

Wheels may also be included with the sprayer

Wheels can be supplied and complemented by backpack straps.

It is recommended to select a sprayer with a telescopic water supply tube. It should be borne in mind that aluminum tubes do not tolerate aggressive media poorly.

The attachments can be different:

  • Fine atomization
  • One jet

  • Forked jet
  • Multiple jets to create fan-shaped spray


Location of fixtures on the ceiling

The placement of fixtures for each room is developed separately. It is necessary to take into account the geometry of the room, the location of the windows, the needs of different zones in the room. Moreover, all this should look beautiful. In general, a rather difficult task and you can only pick it up specifically at the place.


Layouts of chandeliers and spotlights around on a suspended or stretch ceiling

The main options for placing the backlight include a chandelier in the center. Spots are selected in the same style or neutral, not attracting attention.

In some interiors, chandeliers are not used (in small corridors, bathrooms, etc.). In this case, the number of required lamps is calculated according to the above formula and can only be adjusted upward, otherwise it will be dark. Some examples are shown schematically in the photo below.


Lighting schemes from spotlights

As you understand, the process is creative, but there are certain recommendations for the location of the lamps on the ceiling for each of the rooms. These are not rules and, if desired, they can be broken, but they are formulated on the basis of experience, so that there is a rational grain in them.

In the bedroom

In the bedroom, the setting should be conducive to relaxation and bright light is usually not needed here. It should be soft, unobtrusive, warm. Therefore, choose lamps that give light a little yellowish, but not bright white and not with a blue tint.


Fantasy curls in one of the corners

Oval is often used

Combination of different types of lighting

Chandelier in the center, square spotlights lined up along the wall

The arrangement of lamps on the ceiling in the bedroom is often done in the form of a circle or an oval. Sometimes the spots are lined up in a straight line along the wall opposite the bed - if there is a TV on it. For a laconic design in a modern style, in the style of minimalism or high-tech, the classic scheme is suitable - a chandelier in the center, spotlights are lined up along long walls.

In the living room

The living room requires multivariate lighting. At some moments it should be bright, at others it should be muted, sometimes, in general, twilight is required. All this can be realized with the help of recessed or surface-mounted spotlights. As already mentioned, they are divided into groups and connected to different switch keys. In other situations, a dimmer is installed that changes the brightness of the lamps.

If there are two zones in the living room, their separation can be emphasized with different lighting. You can choose not only different in shape lighting installation schemes, but the devices themselves can be different, give streams of light of different shapes.


Different lighting emphasizes zoning

If we talk about how to choose the location of the lamps on the ceiling, it is largely dictated by the general style of interior decoration. For romantic styles, ovals, circles, winding lines are more appropriate, for more rigid ones - modern, hi-tech, minimalism - a linear arrangement is better, but along the walls, in the form of the letter X or something else - this is already looking at the situation.


Another example of zoning with lighting

For strict styles, it is better to choose a linear arrangement of lamps on the ceiling.

Sophisticated rounded shapes are suitable for spacious rooms. In a small area, they will "crush" and clutter up the interior

To emphasize the shape of the room, you can arrange the lighting on the ceiling in squares

The center of this interior is the sofa, which is emphasized by the composition on the ceiling.

Another tip: in small rooms, you should not implement too complex spot installation schemes. They are good in a large and spacious room. In a small one, it is better to choose a simpler option. Visually raising the ceiling a little will help nested circles, ovals or squares. The effect will be enhanced if spotlights are used in the middle of a slightly smaller size than on the outer perimeter.

Children

The nursery is a rather complex room in design, since even more diverse lighting will be needed here. The child will need to practice and bright light is required in this area. There is also a play area, in which the illumination should also be sufficient, but a lot of light is not always needed. And the third degree of illumination is when the child prepares for bed. At this time, a subdued soft light is required. Such a difficult task will have to be solved when choosing the location of the lamps on the ceiling for the children's room.


Ceiling lamps in the nursery should provide enough light

Most often, if the ceiling is in two tiers or more, recessed lamps are placed along the edge of the "second tier", and a chandelier is installed in the center of the first

An interesting option with spots around the perimeter of the ceiling

Multi-zone lighting, and even using lamps of different sizes and powers

With this arrangement of luminaires on the ceiling, there are at least three options for the degree of illumination

If a ceiling is planned in two or more tiers, it is logical to place spotlights along the border of the two tiers. It looks quite organic. If the ceiling is flat, you will have to choose from existing schemes or come up with your own.

Kitchen

The location of the lamps on the stretch ceiling in the kitchen is subject to the same rules - in some areas the lighting should be brighter. In this case, an island of bright light is usually made above the table. Here you can hang a chandelier (or even several chandeliers) on long cords right above the table.


In the kitchen, you can hang a chandelier above the dining table, and illuminate the rest of the area with built-in lamps.

The second frequently encountered option is the line for installing spotlights on the ceiling follows the contours of the kitchen set. Only in this case, the lamps should be moved 15-20 centimeters deep into the room from the edge of the furniture. Then the light will be scattered more evenly.


Placing spots along kitchen cabinets is a logical step

In general, the choice of the location of the lamps on the ceiling depends more on the style of the room as a whole and on the tastes of the owners. If you want to add softness and intimacy to the interior, choose more rounded schemes. If you prefer laconicism, geometric patterns are more suitable. You can also play around with the size and type of lamps. A few photos of interesting options for the location of spotlights for the kitchen for you for inspiration.


Combination of a straight and curved line

You can play with the dimensions

Clearer highlighting of zones due to illumination

Rigorously thought-out chaos

Traditionally - around the perimeter of the room

Smooth curve gives the interior more softness

Bathroom

It is necessary to carefully approach the choice of lamps for the bathroom: they must have a high degree of protection - they must not be afraid of vapors and splashes. And the choice of location depends on what other light sources you plan to use.

In small-sized ordinary bathrooms, even combined ones, you can't really accelerate - the area is too small. Then usually two or three lamps are installed above the bathroom or shower cabin and several pieces on the rest of the ceiling area. So that such a scheme does not seem too simple, you can choose interesting lamps or use two types that give beams of light with different patterns.


There are recessed spotlights that create various lighting effects.

If the spotlights in the bathroom are installed evenly over the entire area, additional lighting will be needed in the area of ​​the mirror. Otherwise it will be too dark there. Another option is to add a couple of light points in the right place. This should be enough, although for "delicate" operations such as hitting or "working" with the face, directional lighting on the wall is still more suitable.


Oval or circle is ideal

In small rooms, you can't fantasize much

Waterproof lamps

Plus wall lighting for maximum convenience

Corridor and hallway

Only some new buildings can boast of a really comfortable and good corridor. In most cases, the corridor is narrow, small and cramped, or long and uncomfortable. It can be straight or in the form of the letter "G", but it differs in that it is very difficult to come up with something intelligible for its normal design. In corridors, the arrangement of lamps on the ceiling is usually linear - along the walls from one or both sides, in the form of the letter "X". It is rare to see a curve like the letter S.


Complex structures can be done in relatively spacious hallways

Interesting lamps will help diversify the interior

Along the perimeter or in the middle along - the two most common ways

Seeming chaos will help make the design more interesting

In square hallways, spots are usually mounted along the perimeter, sometimes complex shapes are made here. Still, in very small areas, simple shapes look better.

Anatoly Rytsev / Master - universal, site author

The master is a versatile person. It is engaged in interior and facade finishing works of all types: paint brushes, plastering, wallpapering, all types of tiling works, as well as the construction of country houses and plant growing.


How to choose a garden sprayer: an overview of the main types of chemical sprayers

Every summer, the garden plots are occupied by an army of all kinds of insect pests, plant infections and viruses. They have a detrimental effect on plants and are capable of completely destroying the crop.

To stop this process, gardeners use special medicinal preparations, which are mainly applied on a sheet. In other words, by spraying. Garden sprayers are used to turn the liquid into fine droplets that easily penetrate into all leaf axils.

Let's talk about the right choice of this tool, which is necessary in the horticultural sector.

The volume of the sprayer reservoir should correspond to the liquid flow rate in the treated area. Focus on the following fluid consumption rates:

  • for 1 adult tree - 10 l
  • for 1 young tree - 2-3 l
  • for 10 m2 of plantings (vegetable garden, flower garden) - 1-2 liters.

Thus, if you plan to spray a small flower garden, then the simplest model of a sprayer with a volume of 1-2 liters will suit you. When processing large areas with trees, one cannot do without more capacious tanks - up to 10-12 liters.

The sprayer body must be made of transparent or translucent plastic through which the liquid level is visible. Particularly successful models are equipped with a graduated scale (in liters, pints, gallons) that allows you to accurately control the liquid level and dilute the preparations according to the instructions.

Option # 1 - hand sprayers

Hand sprayers with the simplest device are spray guns, their tank volume varies from 0.3 to 2 liters. The mixing unit of such devices is located in the spray head. Spraying is carried out by periodically pressing the lever.

Sprayers are often used to increase the humidity around plants by spraying them with plain water.

Spray guns are available with or without reservoir. In the latter case, instead of a reservoir, any plastic bottle with a volume of 0.5-2 liters is used. After diluting the chemicals, the sprayer hose is dipped into the bottle, the nozzle is screwed on the neck and spraying is performed.

Sprayers are well suited for processing flower beds and indoor floriculture. For large areas, they are practically useless due to their small volume and short spraying range.

Option # 2 - pump sprayers

Pump-type hand sprayers also do not have a separate container. In appearance, they resemble bicycle pumps, with which they pump not air, but liquid. On the one hand, the "pump" is connected to a flexible hose - it is lowered into a container with a diluted liquid.

At the other end there is a rod with a nozzle. The spray pattern can be adjusted using a rotating nozzle: from spray to fine droplets.

The most famous sprayer of this type is "Fog", suitable for the treatment of flower beds, vegetable gardens or orchards in a small private farm.

The sprayer "Tuman" can be used to treat trees up to 3.5 m high

Option # 3 - pump (pneumatic) units

Pump sprayers are equipped with a powerful pneumatic pump to increase the pressure in the liquid container. It is usually built into the lid of the container.

The principle of operation of pump sprayers is as follows: with the help of a pump, air is pumped into the tank, the pressure increases and pushes the solution out through the sprayer. When the pressure in the reservoir drops, spraying stops and the pump is re-pumped.

Pump sprayers have a wide range of models: from small hand-held sprayers, to large knapsack devices.

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A pump-operated hand sprayer is a plastic reservoir with a pump mounted in the lid. On the side of the device is a lever that, when pressed, sprays the solution. Hand sprayers of this type can have a volume of 0.5–2 liters. This is enough for processing plants in flower beds, in a small vegetable garden or in a greenhouse.

The pneumatic pump in hand sprayers creates the necessary pressure in the tank in just a few strokes

A more voluminous device is a shoulder pump sprayer that holds 3-12 liters of toxic liquid. This weight is already uncomfortable to carry in your hands. Therefore, manufacturers supply such models with straps that allow them to be worn on the shoulder like a bag.

The body of the shoulder sprayer is connected to a flexible hose, at the end of which there is a handle and a boom with a spray nozzle. The most convenient rods are telescopic, extending up to 1-3 m.

There is a lever on the handle (in some models - a button), when pressed, the nozzle opens and spraying begins.

For long-term processing, a shutter button is used that fixes the nozzle in the open state.

Shoulder pump sprayers are considered to be among the most reliable. They are used for processing low trees, shrubs, flower beds and vegetable beds with an area of ​​20-30 acres.

Shoulder pump sprayer has a thick shoulder strap

Pump-action knapsack sprayers, which are also equipped with belts, have a volume of 12-20 liters. However, they are supposed to be worn not on the shoulder, but on the back, like a knapsack. For knapsack sprayers, air is pumped into the tank by moving the handle on the side up and down. This principle of operation is very convenient, since it allows you not to interrupt work to pump air.

With the help of a knapsack sprayer, you can easily process vegetable beds with an area of ​​up to 50 acres, spray garden trees, flower beds.

The pump-action knapsack sprayer sprays liquid at a rate of 1.8 l / min, so it is most often used to process large agricultural plots

And the last, innovative type of pump sprayers - models on wheels. They are equipped with a pneumatic pump, 20 l reservoir, telescopic boom and two wheels. Moving the sprayer on wheels is as easy as a vacuum cleaner. This is ideal for those who own a large plot but do not want to carry a heavy unit on their back.

An innovative model of pump sprayers on wheels was launched on the market in 2011

An overview of pump sprayers, with a detailed description of each type, is presented in the video:

Option # 4 - battery models

This is another type of knapsack and wheel sprayers, but it is more convenient to use than the pump-action counterpart.

There is no need to manually build up the pressure! A rechargeable battery built into the device case is responsible for this process. Charging it lasts for several hours (usually 3-6 hours.

) and all this time you can spray without any effort, simply directing the boom with the nozzle to the desired tree or bush.

The electric garden sprayer is started by pressing the button located near the battery

Compared to a pump spray, a cordless spray can deliver a stronger jet to the tops of garden trees. The fine dispersion of the "fog" is also more pronounced and this helps to save consumable chemicals.

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The volume of a battery sprayer is most often 15-20 liters, but there are also very small models - 5 liters each. For more information about the typical characteristics of a cordless sprayer, you can find out after watching the video:

Option # 5 - Powerful Gasoline Sprayers

Electric garden sprayers are very popular in summer cottages, but they do not always cope with their role. Their capacity is insufficient for processing an area over 1 hectare or spraying a tall tree.

For these purposes, it is optimal to use a gasoline sprayer (motor sprayer) with a tank volume of 12-20 liters. This type of device works due to a gasoline engine with a capacity of 2-5 hp. The throw range of the unit's jet can be up to 15 m horizontally, and up to 7 m in height.

With the help of one motor-sprayer, it is possible to process a garden of up to 5 hectares per day.

Most gasoline sprayers allow spraying not only liquid, but also powdery preparations.

The boom of a gasoline sprayer is seriously different from the thin "fishing rods" of pump or battery devices. It is a thick tube with a spray at the end. A powerful stream of air at high speed pushes the liquid out of the boom, which, with the help of a nozzle, breaks up into a finely dispersed "fog" or a larger "aerosol".

Gasoline sprayers can be backpack or wheeled.

Important details to keep in mind

When choosing a sprayer, you need to focus not only on the way it works, but also on some design details. In their absence or poor quality, the efficiency of the sprayer can be reduced. Pay attention to:

  • Barbell. It can be ordinary or telescopic (retractable), straight or curved at the end. The telescopic rod is more versatile, as it allows you to change the length of the "fishing rod" depending on the height of the processed object (tree, bush).
  • Safety valve. Used to release excess air in the sprayer reservoir so that the reservoir does not burst.
  • Nozzle. Most often it is made of plastic, for more expensive models it is made of brass. Metal nozzles are of higher quality and, as a result, more durable.
  • Filter. Can be in the form of a cylinder or a perforated plate. Retains undissolved particles of chemicals or foreign matter, preventing system breakdown.

Now that you know the features of the main types of sprayers, it is not difficult to choose one of them. Especially after watching the following video, where a professional consultant conducts his own mini-review:


Watch the video: How to Choose The Right Spray Wand or Gun for Your Sprayer


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