The remontant strawberry variety Mont Everest has been known to our gardeners for more than twenty years - I first read about it in the second issue of the Household Economy magazine in 1983. He interested me, and I tried to find him.
And for many years now I have been breeding this variety. In horticultural publications you can find the names Mont Everest and Mount Everest, but we are talking about one variety.
The Mont Everest variety was bred in the south of France, where it gives three harvests per season, and the collection from the bush is 700-950 grams. In our climate, it gives two harvests - a small first in late June-July, the second in August-September. Berries up to 20 g in weight, few small fruits. Berries of regular conical shape are light red, shiny, dense. The pulp is juicy and has a pleasant taste. The ripening of the first berries coincides with the ripening of the early strawberry varieties. According to my observations, the yield of Mont Everest strawberries ranges from 1.2 to 1.5 kg per square meter. Other gardeners in the periodicals report similar yields.
The bushes of this variety are low, spreading, even a light snowfall reliably covers them, saving them from freezing. The disadvantage of this variety is that it produces few whiskers, especially in the first year, which makes breeding difficult. In the periodical horticultural literature, I have repeatedly had to read the advice of "experienced" gardeners to propagate the variety Mont Everest and other varieties of large-fruited strawberries by seeds. I want to warn against this. In the popular literature for gardeners, scientists, whose knowledge and authority are not questioned, have repeatedly written that seed propagation of large-fruited strawberries is unacceptable for gardeners.
Seed propagation of strawberries is used only by breeders when developing new varieties. Of course, if someone is interested, let them try, but can this method be widely used for breeding strawberries? Definitely - no!
The generally accepted method of vegetative propagation is suitable for gardeners. The Mont Everest variety produces little mustache, so I propagate it by dividing the bushes. To do this, in the fall, I notice bushes with larger berries and abundant fruiting, and in the spring I dig them out and divide them into horns. For this I use the bushes of the second year of fruiting. I have heard advice to divide the bushes into horns in the fall. But this method, in my opinion, is good for varieties with normal rather than remontant fruiting. In autumn, in August, remontant varieties have a second, more abundant fruiting, and it is inappropriate to divide abundantly fruiting bushes into horns.
I want to dispel the misconception that wanders from publication to publication in magazines and newspapers. For example, the author of the first article I read about the variety Mont Everest argued that this plant already in the first year gives a mustache, which, growing, at the same time give flower stalks and immediately begin to bear fruit. This is not true for all varieties of remontant strawberries. In the Cardinal variety, indeed, peduncles are formed on the rosettes of the first order, and sometimes the second, on which berries are tied in size the same as those that were tied to the mother plant.
But the total number of such berries is not very large, and the rosettes on which they formed do not take root when planting. The Mont Everest variety produces a mustache in limited quantities in the first year of life. I did not notice abundant flowering and fruiting on them. The author of the article argued that it is possible to arrange the mustache vertically, attaching it to the trellis - in this case, they give flower stalks and bear fruit, not rooting, but receiving nutrition from the mother bush. Why to do this, he did not specify, but the harvest does not increase, but decreases. And what will happen to the mustache, stretched out on the trellis, with the onset of cold weather? It seems that the author did not have his own experience, but was retelling someone else's, taken from foreign sources. It is regrettable that many authors, without any verification, make "borrowings" and pass them off as their personal experience.
Every gardener strives to get high yields from their beds. The methods for increasing the yield of strawberries are the same for regular and remontant strawberries. In order to obtain stable and significant yields of strawberries, 1-2 years before planting, the soil is refilled with organic and mineral fertilizers. There is ample evidence that such soil preparation gives very good results.
If such preparation was not carried out, then for the spring planting of strawberries, the soil is prepared in the fall, and for early autumn - no later than 15 days. An important element of preparation is the selection of a predecessor. The following vegetable crops are good predecessors for strawberries: lettuce, spinach, onions, garlic, beets, carrots, parsley, radishes. It is not entirely desirable to plant strawberries after legumes (peas, beans), because they can serve as intermediate hosts for a dangerous pest - the strawberry nematode.
As a precursor, cabbage, cucumbers and flowers - asters, lilies and gladioli cannot be used, from which strawberries can become infected with stem nematode. To reduce the number of nematodes, marigolds, calendula, immortelles are planted in the area intended for strawberry beds in May of the previous year. During the flowering period, they, like green manure, are crushed and embedded in the soil.
You can not grow strawberries after potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, since these crops are affected by verticillary, late blight and fusarium wilting, which after that strawberries can also get sick. Cultivation of green manure reduces the stock of infection in the soil and increases its fruiting. Mustard, for example, has a significant fungicidal effect on the causative agent of verticillium wilt - it reduces the amount of the pathogen by 20 times.
In addition, the root secretions of mustard make the insoluble phosphorus of the soil available to plants. It is undesirable to plant strawberries after stubbing raspberries, currants, stone fruits. This promotes the development of root rot. If it is necessary to lay a bed after stubbing, then you must carefully select the roots and sow siderates, for example: rapeseed, mustard, oil radish. In one month, green manure yields 2.5-4 kg of green mass from each square meter, which is equivalent to the introduction of 2 kg of manure. If green manure is embedded in the soil before flowering, then they decompose in the ground faster than manure.
For planting strawberries, I make beds 1.2 m wide. 15-20 days before planting, I dig the bed with a pitchfork without turning the bed, I add mineral fertilizer for 1 m² for digging - 30 g of superphosphate and 15-20 g of potassium fertilizer. Before planting, I loosen the bed to a depth of 8-10 cm and level it with a rake. Having retreated from the edge 10 cm, I mark the holes for seedlings along the cord. I mark the second row after 50 cm, after another half a meter - the third. There are three rows of lines on the bed.
The distance between the plants in the row is 30 cm. I use these dimensions for the Mont Everest variety and varieties whose bushes are the same size as Mont Everest. For bushes of a different size and size may be different. I put half a teaspoon of AVA fertilizer or a tablespoon of Giant fertilizer for strawberries into the hole. If outlets are used for planting, they can be planted in autumn and spring. In autumn, it is better to plant earlier, before August 15th.
In spring, it is better to plant until mid-May, as long as there is a sufficient supply of moisture in the soil. At the same time, you can plant horns when dividing a bush, but I do this in the spring. Like most varieties of ordinary strawberries, I advise you to grow remontant strawberries in one place for no more than three years. Observing the Mont Everest variety, I came to the conclusion that it is advisable to grow it in one place for two years, not counting the year of planting, since in the third year the yield is already noticeably reduced.
The cultivation of remontant strawberry varieties has its own characteristics, but speaking about the Mont Everest variety, I am not saying that all remontant varieties should be grown according to the same scheme. From horticultural literature, it is known that in strawberries of normal fruiting, flower buds are laid in autumn, in September-October, when the length of the day decreases to 10-12 hours, and the air temperature decreases.
The main distinguishing feature of remontant strawberries is the ability to lay buds at high temperatures and long daylight hours. In our climatic conditions, remontant strawberries give two harvests. In 2001, a book by professors L. A. Yezhov and M. G. Kontsevoy "All About Berries. A New Encyclopedia of the Summer Resident" was published in Moscow. A separate chapter is devoted in it to remontant strawberries. In it, the authors write: "In the spring, little flower stalks are formed, the yield is low.
However, even insignificant fruiting weakens the plant and delays the second fruiting. Taking this into account, flower stalks that appear in spring are recommended to be removed. "Such advice had to be met more than once, but I do not use them - no matter how small the first crop is, it ripens completely. In addition, I did not notice that the destruction of flower stalks significantly affects the beginning the second fruiting and its size. The authors of the mentioned book write: "The flower buds of remontant strawberries are so early ripening that they manage to form a crop even on rosettes of 1-3 orders of magnitude." is the harvest small?
The second fruiting begins at the end of July and lasts until autumn. At first, few berries are tied, a significant increase in yield occurs in the second decade of August - early September. But the berries that set at this time, not all have time to ripen. I once collected over half a bucket of green berries that I had to compost. According to my observations, up to a third of the second harvest of berries does not have time to ripen.
In the literature I read: "Research carried out in the main Botanical Garden of the USSR Academy of Sciences showed that the second fruiting has the greatest value, since 80-90% of berries ripen in one-two-year-old plants, 60-80% of the total harvest in three-year-old plants." ... This information is not much different from my observations. If, according to my observations, there were more unripe berries, this can be explained by the fact that our region is in the zone of risky farming.
I mentioned that strawberries of this variety give a lot of flowers and ovaries, starting from the second decade of August. It is necessary to remember the biological characteristics of strawberries - from the beginning of the formation of buds and until the berries are fully ripe, it takes from 35 to 42 days, and from the end of flowering to the beginning of ripening of berries - from 18 to 22 days. In hot dry weather, flowering passes quickly and, conversely, in bad weather, it is delayed. I looked through my diary entries and found that normal berry picking was until September 8-10, although I picked a small number of berries later, once it was September 20. It is easy to calculate that the berries set on August 20 and later do not ripen. This probably explains such a large number of unripe berries.
If we want to increase the yield of strawberries of remontant varieties, then by applying well-known and tested agricultural methods, we can achieve this. We must try to increase the first harvest. True, it will always be less than the second, since the first harvest lasts 1.5-2 weeks, in contrast to the longer second. To increase the first harvest, strawberries can be grown under small-sized shelters.
You can use a film to cover tunnels, but it seems to me that for these purposes it is better to use a covering material weighing 30-60 g / m². The air temperature under the shelter during the day is 5-10 ° C higher than in the open field, and 2-3 ° C higher in the evening. The soil at a depth of up to 10 cm is 5 ° C warmer, and in a layer of 10-20 cm - by 2 ° C. Flowering and ripening of strawberries occurs 10-20 days earlier. An earlier onset of the first fruiting entails an accelerated onset of the second fruiting.
If the weather is warm during flowering, the film is removed during the day for better pollination of the flowers. It is necessary to open the tunnels even during the rains. It is necessary to ensure that the temperature in the tunnel does not rise above 30-35 ° C. At the end of the flowering phase and the beginning of ripening, the shelter can be removed. When the air temperature decreases in August, especially at night, the tunnel must be covered again.
For better development of flower buds in short-day varieties of remontant strawberries (Mont Everest, Geneva, Brighton, etc.), the tunnel should be covered from April to early August with a dark film or dark lutrasil so that the daylight hours for strawberries are no more than 12 hours. For example, to cover the tunnel at 20 o'clock one day and open at 8 o'clock in the morning the next. Observations show that after September 10-15, few berries ripen, and in order for the strawberries to better prepare for wintering, the berries that did not have time to ripen must be picked.
Even earlier, from August 15, it is necessary to destroy the formed peduncles, and from August 20 - and a new ovary. In mid-September, the bushes, freed from unripe berries, must be processed, fertilized, as well as large-fruited strawberries, and also loosened between rows, in dry weather - spilled with water. For better formation of flower buds, foliar feeding is done - 15 g of urea is diluted in 10 liters of water and sprayed over the leaves.
This should be done in the spring. At the beginning of growth, spraying with microelements or a mixture of potassium permanganate is effective - 50 g, boric acid - 15 g and 2 g of ammonium molybdate per 10 liters of water.
During flowering, a single spraying of plants with 0.01-0.02% solution of zinc sulfate is carried out. Sprayed in the evening or in cloudy weather.
Someone may get the impression that growing remontant strawberries is a very laborious task and should not be done.
Let's count: ordinary strawberries bear fruit for 2-2.5 weeks, and berry picking ends in July. In late July - early August, remontant strawberries will begin their second fruiting. Even without additional measures that increase the marketable harvest of strawberries, its yield, as L. Yezhov and M. Kontseva note in their book, is from 1.1 to 1.5 kg. Many authors confirm this yield of remontant varieties.
And I also collected the same amount from the Mont Everest garden. For comparison, I present data on the yield of common strawberry varieties according to the book "All About Berries" by the same authors: Zarya - 0.8-1.4 kg / m², Found - 1.1 kg / m², Zenith - 1.6 kg / m² , Festivalnaya - 1.2-1.5 kg / m². Isn't it interesting to get the same harvest, but when ordinary strawberries have already borne fruit?
As for labor costs, the following must be said: in the 50s of the last century, a comparative study of labor costs of growing strawberries, currants and vegetables was carried out at the Moscow Experimental Station. It turned out that strawberries have the smallest labor costs. I think that the additional labor costs for growing remontant varieties, added to the costs of growing strawberries, do not exceed the labor costs for growing cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers. Now, new remontant varieties of strawberries with larger berries, more productive, giving enough whiskers, that is, simpler and less laborious, have been introduced. Therefore, I advise - grow remontant strawberries.
V. Lazovsky, gardener
When this issue was being prepared for publication, we learned that our longtime author, Vitaly Evgenievich Lazovsky, had died at the age of 78 after a serious long illness. The editors express condolences to the family and friends of the deceased.
Strawberries play an important role in human nutrition. They improve digestion, have hematopoietic ability, regulate metabolism, treat diseases of the kidneys, respiratory organs, prevent hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Growing strawberries in the garden is a voluminous work, but the correct approach to business will certainly serve as a guarantor for obtaining a rich and high-quality harvest garden strawberries on the your plot... The first thing to start with is to choose a landing site:
Strawberries in a high bed.
Plot for strawberries if possible, it should be level with a slight slope to allow excess water to drain off. On soils with closely spaced groundwater, strawberries are grown in high beds. Soils are better slightly acidic (pH 5-5.5) or neutral, with a sufficient humus content. Acidic soils must be limed; on soils with insufficient acidity (pH above 6), peat, gypsum, and a weak solution of hydrochloric acid are added.
Garden strawberries it is not recommended to grow permanently in one place, since pathogens can accumulate in the soil.
Good predecessors for strawberries - green crops, radishes, peas, beans, carrots, onions, garlic, tulips, daffodils.
Areas of little use for strawberries, previously occupied by potatoes, tomatoes and other nightshades, as well as cucumber, because these cultures are vectors of Wilt pathogens.
Planting garden strawberries
Strawberries Potted seedlings provide better plant development.
The best time for planting strawberries: July 20-25.
Strawberries are planted in one-line and two-line methods.
The strawberry plantation has been used for three years. Then the plants are removed, that is, the entire aboveground and root systems are pulled out and burned.
Garden strawberry care
Plants are watered once every 6-7 days (in hot weather after 4-5 days) at the rate of 10-12 liters per 1 m 2.
The mustache must be removed as soon as it appears ...
In the area of fruiting strawberries, the whiskers must be removed as they appear, as they deplete the plants. When the air temperature drops (October), the ridges are mulched with peat or sawdust with a layer of 5-6 cm.
During the setting of the first berries, the soil under the bushes is mulched. To do this, use clean straw, wood chips, dry moss or film strips.
Strawberries. The soil under the bushes is mulched. To do this, use agrofibre, film materials, straw, sawdust, dry moss.
The second mulching is carried out in the fall to a height of 5-6 cm with peat or sawdust, while the bushes do not fall asleep. In the spring of each year, the mulching material is removed by gently raking from the ridges.
In the spring of the first year, at the end of April, the strawberry plantation is cleaned of old, dry and moldy leaves, while the aisles are loosened.
From spring to autumn, another 6-8 loosening is carried out: in spring - to a depth of 5-8 cm, in autumn - by 10-12 cm, directly near the plants by 2-3 cm.
Root feeding of strawberries.
After that, the plants are fed :(for 10 liters of water 0.5 liters of mushy mullein). Water at the rate of 1/2 l per plant. Before flowering, 3 tablespoons of wood ash are added to 1 m 2.
One of the radical ways to control pests transmitted with planting material is thermotherapy, or keeping plants in hot water.
It is advisable to use infusions of insecticidal plants against spider mites.
Garlic against spider mites.
Garlic... To prepare the infusion, 200-300 g of garlic is passed through a meat grinder, pour 10 liters of water, insist for a day and filter. Before spraying, 20-30 g of soap is added to the solution.
Dandelion medicinal... Take 150-200 g of crushed leaves and rhizomes, pour 10 liters of warm water and infuse for 2 hours, filter and immediately use for spraying.
Tobacco (makhorka)... 450 g of makhorka is poured into 10 liters of hot water, infused for 2 days, and then filtered.
Sprinkle on strawberries herbal preparations are better in calm, windless weather, in the morning or early evening, since in the sunlight most of them lose their pesticidal properties. When spraying, make sure that the solution falls on the underside of the leaves. The consumption rate of the working fluid is up to 1.5 liters per 10 m 2.
In rainy, cold weather, strawberries are severely affected by gray rot. In order to reduce the damage to berries by gray rot and other diseases, you need to carry out a whole range of protective measures:
BAGOTA. Medium late ripening variety. Bushes are powerful, individual berries are large up to (80-100 g), excellent taste.
GIANTEYALA. Variety of Dutch origin, medium late ripening. The first berries are up to (130 g), dense. Productivity up to 3 kg per bush. Bushes are large with large leaves.
MOUNTAIN EVEREST. The grade is remontant. The berries are large (30-40 g), sweet. The yield is good; in warm climates, up to 3 crops are harvested.
GURMELLA. Strawberries with neutral daylight hours. The uncommonness of the variety is the intense yield of the crop, which does not depend on the length of daylight hours. The variety bears excellent fruit in regions with few sunny days per year and cool summers, where strawberries are usually not grown.
Zephyr. Large-fruited remontant strawberry. Fast-growing, bears fruit within 3-4 months, the autumn harvest is more abundant.
CARDINAL. Repaired American variety. Bushes are powerful, with large glossy leaves. Bears fruit twice. Berries up to (60 g). Winter hardiness is high. Requires intensive watering throughout the growing season. Harvest 1.8 kg per bush.
MARISHKA. The variety is of medium ripening, winter-hardy, fruitful, disease-resistant. The bush is vigorous. A distinctive feature is the sweetest and driest berry. The average tasting score is 4.9.
MASHENKA. An early large-fruited variety. Berry weight (60-110 g), aromatic. The yield is 1.8-2 kg per bush, practically not affected by diseases.
SECRETED. Variety of Ukrainian selection of medium-late ripening, very high-yielding. Winter hardiness is high. Berry weight up to (20 g) High resistance to rot damage. The bushes are vigorous. The average tasting score is 4.7.
PROFUSION. French remontant variety that bears fruit continuously throughout the growing season. Conical berries, up to (50 g), aromatic, good taste. Productivity up to 2 kg per bush.
SWEATHART. Large-fruited remontant foreign variety. Berries up to 5 cm in diameter, sweet, aromatic. It differs in that it can multiply by seeds. It requires a lot of phosphorus, which must be added before planting in the form of superphosphate (50 g / m 2).
Sin-72. Polish variety of early ripening, winter-hardy, highest yield, average weight of berries (15 g). The variety is resistant to rot damage. The average tasting score is 4.5. Vigorous bushes, bright red berries, good transportability.
TRISTAR. One of the best modern remontant varieties. Fruits are large, (25-30 g), transportable. The bush is compact.
There are a lot of strawberry varieties - there are about 3000 of them. But, despite this, breeders today are constantly working on getting more and more productive varieties. They differ from each other in the shape, size and color of leaves and berries, fruit taste, yield, ripening time and other biological characteristics.
A variety of early ripening, domestic selection. The size of the bush is average. Dark green leaves. The fruits are large, dark red in color, rounded-conical in shape, their surface is shiny, have a dessert taste. The consistency of the berries is dense and juicy. The yield of the "early Kokino" is average. Moderate winter hardiness. Also, this variety has an average resistance to various pests and diseases (resistance to gray rot is high, and to strawberry mite - low). Berries of this variety are highly transportable. "Kokinskaya early" is a universal variety, that is, the berries are suitable both for fresh consumption and for further processing (preparation of compotes, jams, preserves, etc.).
This variety was bred by crossing the "abundant" and "prime" varieties. A variety of domestic selection. Bred at the Pavlovsk Experimental Station of VNIIR in 1954. The ripening period of this variety is average. Disease resistance is average. The variety is high-yielding and has good frost resistance. The bush of the plant is tall, compact, with thick peduncles. The berries are large, weighing 35 g. The shape of the fruit is oblong truncated, with a short and wide neck. The surface of the berries is shiny, bright red. The pulp is juicy, sweet, medium-bodied and pink in color. Achenes of "festival" strawberries have a dark red color, are located on the surface of the berries, almost not pressed inward. The variety is dessert.
This variety was bred at the Ukrainian Research Institute of Horticulture. The variety is early maturing, high-yielding. The bush of the plant is medium in size, with dense foliage, dark green shiny leaves, pale pink tendrils.
The berries of this variety are large and sweet. In the first harvest, berries weighing up to 50 g can be found. The fruits have a regular rounded-conical shape, bright red color, the pulp of the berries is dense, fragrant. The variety tolerates transportation well; during transportation, the berries do not crumple.
This variety was bred by crossing the Pavlovchanka and Holiday varieties. The variety was obtained at the Leningrad fruit and vegetable experimental station in 1987. The variety is of medium ripening, high-yielding. Highly resistant to gray mold. The purpose of the variety is universal. The bush of the plant is medium spreading, medium in size with many leaves. The bush has a large number of pale red rosettes. Peduncles are below the level of the leaves, of medium length and thickness. The inflorescences of this variety are multi-flowered. The fruits of the "Tsarskoye Selo" strawberries are large, reaching a maximum weight of 35 g. The average weight is about 15 g. The berries have a regular oval shape, without a neck. The fruit stems of the berries are thin. The surface of the fruit is dark red, shiny. Achenes are large in number, and they are slightly depressed into the pulp. The pulp of strawberries of this variety has a dark red color, high density. The berries have a sweet and sour taste, aromatic and juicy.
This variety is of early ripening, high-yielding. It has good resistance to gray mold and verticillium wilting. The bush is large, straight, with many leaves, which are light green in color, wrinkled. The inflorescences of this variety are multi-flowered, the peduncles are at the level of the leaves, sometimes slightly lower. The whiskers develop in moderation. The fruits of the "wondrous" variety are large, reaching a weight of 40 g. The shape of the berries is oval, pink, the surface is shiny. The flesh of the fruit is firm, juicy and sweet. The berries taste great.
This variety was obtained at the Leningrad Fruit and Vegetable Experimental Station of the VIR. The bush is large, powerful, not spreading. Peduncles are short, multi-flowered inflorescences. The flowers are bisexual, self-pollinating, like most strawberry varieties. The fruits of this variety are red and ovoid. The berries are medium-sized, on average their weight reaches 8-10 g. The first berries can weigh 20-25 g. The pulp is dense, light red in color, tastes sweet and sour, has a pleasant aroma. The productivity of the variety is high, the winter hardiness is good. Zarya strawberries are not resistant to powdery mildew and slightly resistant to some other diseases. A variety of universal use.
"Beauty of the Sunrise"
This variety is obtained in NIHISNP. The bushes are tall, the number of leaves on the bush is average. The inflorescence has many flowers, spreading. The plant is self-pollinating.The strawberries of this variety have a rounded-conical shape, reaching an average weight of 8-10 g. But in the first harvests you can get large berries weighing up to 40 g. The flesh of the fruit is red, firm, sweet and sour taste. The variety is characterized by increased winter hardiness and high yield. The variety exhibits low resistance to wilting and gray mold.
This variety was bred in the second half of the last century in Germany. The bushes of this variety are low, spreading and have a small number of leaves. Fruits of the variety "Zenga" are broadly conical in shape, the average weight reaches 10 g. The flesh of berries is red, dense. The variety is high-yielding. Average winter hardiness. The variety is practically unstable against gray mold damage. The purpose of the variety is universal.
This variety is originally from England. This variety has a well-developed but compact bush. Peduncles are multi-flowered. The plant is self-pollinating, has flowers of both sexes. Fruits of the "talisman" variety are round-conical in shape, their average weight reaches 8-10 g, during the first harvest, berries weighing up to 25 g can be removed. The flesh of the fruit has a light red color, medium density, the berries have a good taste. The yield of the variety is high. Winter hardiness is also high.
The variety was obtained in NIISNP by crossing the varieties "Zenga Zengana" and "Rareut". The bush is medium in size, compact, the leaves are dark green, slightly wrinkled, covered with a waxy coating. The sheet is folded in the form of a funnel. Peduncles are short and medium, inflorescences are few-flowered, compact, located below the level of the leaves. The plant is self-pollinating. Strawberry fruits have a rounded shape, on average they reach 16 g, at the first harvest there are berries weighing up to 30 g. The ripening period is average. The flesh of the berries is red, dense, the surface is shiny, the berries taste good. A variety for dessert purposes, has a high yield, is resistant to verticillary wilt and powdery mildew, fruit rot is rarely affected.
This variety was obtained in NIISNP by crossing the “festival” and “zenga zengana” varieties. The strawberry bush of this variety is vigorous, although compact, with many leaves, it forms a little mustache. Leaves of "Cinderella" are dark green in color, large in size, there is a wax coating on their surface. Peduncles are large, and inflorescences are compact, with a small number of flowers, located at or slightly below the level of the leaves.
This variety has large flowers with slightly twisted petals. Cinderella strawberries resemble a blunt cone in shape, reach a weight of 25 g, during the first harvest, berries weighing up to 40 g can be removed. This variety has an average ripening period. The pulp of the berries has a bright orange-red hue, dense, sweet and sour taste, dessert. The variety is high-yielding, winter-hardy. "Cinderella" has a high
resistant to powdery mildew, but sometimes affected by gray mold.
This variety belongs to the early ones. The bush is medium in size, not very tall. The fruits of this variety are medium-sized, have a raspberry-red hue, the berries have a good dessert taste, and are fragrant. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and average resistance to pests and diseases.
This variety is obtained by crossing the varieties of strawberries "festivalnaya" and "roxana", bred at the Leningrad fruit and vegetable experimental station, belongs to varieties with an early ripening period. "Sudarushka" has an average resistance to wilting diseases, as well as to the defeat of gray mold. High-yielding variety. The bush is large, moderately spreading, with many leaves. During flowering, a large number of rosettes are formed. The mustache is light pink. Peduncles are medium in length and thickness, located either at the level of the leaves or below their level. The inflorescences have many flowers. The strawberries of this variety are large in size, reaching 35 g (at the first harvest), the average weight is about 12 g. The berries have a regular oval shape, without a neck. The fruits are red, their surface is shiny. It has a large number of hemicarps. The pulp of the berries is pink in color, dense, juicy and aromatic. The strawberries of this variety taste sweet and sour. The variety is high-yielding.
This variety was obtained in the NIHISNP by crossing the "Rareut" and "Purple" varieties. The bush is medium in size, not very tall, straight, has a large number of leaves and forms a lot of whiskers. The strawberry mustache of this variety is of a reddish hue. Leaves are bright green, medium in size, their surface is shiny. Peduncles are elongated, the inflorescence has few flowers, located below the level of the leaves. Flowers in inflorescences are large. The fruits of this variety are bright red, their surface is shiny, the shape of the berries are rounded-conical, with a neck. On average, the berries reach a weight of 10 to 25 g. The flesh of the fruit is red, dense, sweet and sour in taste.
The "pendant" variety is a high-yielding and winter-hardy variety, highly resistant to diseases and pests such as wilting, powdery mildew, fruit rot and strawberry mite.
This variety was obtained by GD Aleksandrova (candidate of agricultural sciences, St. Petersburg breeder) at the Leningrad fruit and vegetable experimental station. The bush is large, straight, with a lot of leaves. Peduncles of medium size, with many flowers, located at the level of the leaves. The fruits are not very large, even at the first harvest, the berries reach a weight of no more than 30 g, with the next harvest their weight is about 10-12 g. The berries of the “magician” variety have a symmetrical conical shape without a neck, their color is dark red, the surface of the fruits shiny. The pulp of the berries is bright red, dense, juicy, sweet and sour on the palate, aromatic. "Magic" refers to varieties with an early ripening period. Productivity is high, winter hardiness is good. Disease resistance is average.
This is a Canadian variety. It belongs to varieties with an early ripening period. The bush is medium in size, highly branched, forms a lot of whiskers, the leaves are dark green. The pulp of the fruit is dense, juicy, aromatic, has a sweet taste. The variety has a high yield, good resistance to powdery mildew, gray rot, and is frost-resistant. Also has a high resistance to diseases of the root system.
The strawberries of this variety are round-conical and bright red in color. Berries are large in size, tolerate transportation well. The second fruiting occurs at the end of August and September.
Dutch variety. It belongs to varieties with an early ripening period. Bushes of medium size, with small leaves. The strawberries of this variety are large, round in shape, weighing 40-60 g. The surface of the berries is distinguished by a bright red color and strong shine. The pulp is also red, firm, with a wonderful sweet taste and pleasant aroma. The "Elvira" variety is a high-yielding variety, has a high resistance to various fungal diseases of berries, roots and leaves. This property makes it possible to grow this variety in damp cold areas and in greenhouses.
Probably, each of us saw large garden strawberries with the size of almost half a palm. Well, the most gigantic berry was picked in 1983 in the city of Rolkeston, Kent, USA. It weighed 231 g. True, it tasted watery and sour.
This variety is relatively young, obtained by breeders in the United States, belongs to varieties with early ripening. Excellent for growing in non-chernozem regions of Russia. Also, this variety is valuable for its abundant harvest. Bushes are tall, powerful. It has dark green, four-toed leaves, which distinguishes this variety from the rest.
The fruits are very tasty. Berries are large in size, their pulp is juicy, sweet and aromatic, medium density. The variety is transportable, refers to winter-hardy and high-yielding strawberry varieties, and the variety is also highly resistant to various diseases.
It is a variety of domestic selection, belongs to varieties with an average ripening period. The bush of the plant is large, powerful, but compact. The leaves are dark green in color. The plant is self-pollinating, that is, the flowers of this strawberry variety are bisexual. Peduncles are medium in size, located slightly below the level of the leaves.
Fruits are large in size, have the shape of a blunt cone. The color of the berries is ruby red, they have a shiny surface. The flesh of the fruit is dense, juicy, dark red. The berries have a very good taste.
Fruits of the "fireworks" variety are well transported. The berries are large both during the first collection and during the subsequent ones. The variety belongs to high-yielding and frost-resistant, is highly resistant to various fungal diseases, to ticks. It is a universal grade.
This English variety has a medium ripening period. Its distinctive feature is that it has a rather long ripening period and berry filling. High-yielding variety. Bushes are powerful, spreading, with a small amount of whiskers. The fruits of this strawberry variety are large, at the first harvest there are berries weighing up to 100-110 g. The fruits are round-conical, bright red, fragrant, sweet, with dense pulp. The variety is distinguished by high resistance to gray rot. The flowers are bisexual, i.e. the variety is self-pollinating. It is frost-resistant. Experts recommend growing this variety in the same place for no more than ten years, and he also does not like organic fertilizers. It is an industrial grade.
Refers to varieties with an average ripening period. Medium-sized, straight bush. The fruits of this variety have a regular conical shape, dark red color, their flesh is dense and pink. The berries are large and have a sweet aromatic taste.
The variety is distinguished by high frost resistance and high resistance to various fungal diseases.
Bred in the Baltics (Lithuania), it belongs to varieties with an average ripening period. Venta is a super elite variety. Bushes of medium size, medium foliage. Strawberry fruits of this variety have a very beautiful appearance. The berries are large, of the correct rounded shape, their color is bright red. The fruits of the "Venta" variety contain a large amount of sugars. If the summer is sultry, then the berries acquire a dark red hue. The variety is high-yielding and frost-resistant. Has a high resistance to tick damage.
It is a variety of domestic selection. It belongs to varieties with an average ripening period, high-yielding and large-fruited, perhaps the most productive of all known strawberry varieties. It fully justifies its name, since during the flowering period it forms a huge amount of flowering buds, and during the fruiting period it gives a very bountiful harvest. Bushes are upright, powerful.
The leaves are shiny, pubescent on the underside, rather large. The fruits have a very good taste and look quite attractive outwardly. Berries are large in size both during the first harvest and subsequent ones. The variety is winter-hardy, quite resistant to gray rot and other fungal diseases.
Did you know that strawberry and strawberry juices are some of the best remedies for getting rid of age spots? These juices can whiten the skin. In addition, garden strawberries are able to relieve headaches, as they contain substances similar in composition to aspirin.
A variety of American selection. Refers to varieties with an average ripening period. Bushes are tall, spreading, medium foliage. At the first - the berries are large, at the next smaller ones. In shape, the fruits resemble a comb, but this is only for the berries of the first collection. The following fruits have a normal round-conical shape and are bright red in color.
The pulp of the berries is a light red hue, dense, pleasant to the taste, sweet and sour. The variety is high-yielding. Berries tolerate transportation well.
Latvian variety. It belongs to varieties with an early ripening period. Differs in high winter hardiness. The variety is high-yielding, self-fertile. The bush is powerful, strong. The berries are large, their average weight reaches 50 g. The color of the fruits is bright red, and the pulp has a delicate strawberry aroma, with a wonderful taste. The density of the berries is high, and therefore they tolerate transportation well. The variety is highly resistant to fungal diseases.
The variety is English. Refers to varieties with an average ripening period. Spreading bush, not too tall. The leaves are large, have a light green color, the surface of the leaves is shiny, slightly ribbed. Peduncles are located at the level of leaves, medium in thickness. The inflorescences have a large number of flowers. The flowering period lasts a long time. The fruits of this strawberry variety are large, have a symmetrical rounded-conical shape. The color of the fruit is bright red, the surface is shiny. Achenes on berries are yellow, almost not sunk into the pulp. The pulp is dense, light red in color, sweet and sour, in general, the taste of the berries is very good. The variety is high-yielding, resistant to fungal diseases.
"Moscow Jubilee" ("Mashenka")
It is a variety of domestic selection and belongs to varieties with an average ripening period. In many of its characteristics, it is not inferior to the best foreign varieties, it is high-yielding, has increased winter hardiness, as well as high resistance to fungal diseases. The bush is small, grows compact. The leaves are large, the peduncles are developed and powerful. Flowers usually grow together in receptacles of two or more pieces, as a result of which the fruit appears to be grown together from several berries, reaches gigantic sizes - the weight of such giants can be equal to 120 g. The fruits of the first collection are very large, resemble a fan in shape. The next harvest does not give such large berries, and the shape of the fruit becomes normal. Berries of subsequent harvests have an even, beautiful shape of a blunt cone of dark red color. The berries of the “mashenka” variety taste sweet and sour, aromatic, and have a slight taste of wild strawberries. The pulp is dense, and therefore the fruits tolerate transportation well. A variety of universal use. Also, the advantage of the "Mashenka" variety is its simple agricultural technology.
This variety is one of the largest and most productive varieties. It is of foreign selection, but it grows well in central Russia. Belongs to varieties with an average ripening period of berries. The bush is tall, powerful, stalks of medium length, strong. The fruits are very large, some berries reach the size of a medium apple. The shape of the berries is round, the color is bright red, the surface of the fruits is shiny. The pulp has a light red color, the palatability is high - the berries are very sweet. Their density is high, the berries tolerate transportation well.
"Huang" refers to frost-resistant varieties. Also, the advantages of this variety can be considered a high adaptive ability to unfavorable growing conditions.
It is a Dutch variety. "Gigantella" refers to varieties with medium and late ripening. The strawberry bush is powerful, reaches 60–70 cm in diameter, and up to 35–50 cm in height. The leaves are large, light green in color, their surface is slightly corrugated. The stalks are strong.
At the first harvest, the fruits can reach a weight of up to 100 g, and a diameter of up to 9 cm. The berries have a very good taste - sweet, their flesh is dense, dark red in color. The fruits have the correct shape. This variety is resistant to diseases and pests such as gray mold and strawberry mite.
Dutch variety. Refers to varieties with a late ripening period. Bushes are tall, densely leafy. The leaves are dark green.
The strawberries of this variety are very large, sometimes their weight reaches 120 g. The pulp of the berries is juicy and has excellent taste.In shape, the fruits resemble a comb, they are dark red in color, dense, well transported even over long distances. In central Russia, "Vicoda" ripens in mid-July. The variety has a very high resistance to fungal diseases. Also "Vicoda" is one of the most winter-hardy varieties of foreign selection. Gives a small number of whiskers, which greatly simplifies the care of the strawberry area. The variety is highly resistant to white mold, white and red leaf spot.
The British variety, obtained in Scotland, is classified as a medium to late ripening variety. The bush is large, straight, strong. Peduncles are also strong. The fruits are in the shape of a wide cone, large in size, dark red in color, the surface of the berries is shiny. The pulp is pink in color, dense, has an aromatic and sweet taste. The variety is high-yielding, winter-hardy, well resistant to various fungal diseases.
The variety is relatively young. Received by Dutch breeders. Tested in central Russia. It belongs to varieties with an early ripening period and is high-yielding. Possesses good winter hardiness, as well as high resistance to various fungal diseases. The variety has established itself as very unpretentious and easy to propagate. The bushes are tall, they are characterized by intensive formation of the plants. The fruits have an excellent sweet taste, large size, in the form of a regular obtuse cone. The surface of the berries has a strong shine, the flesh is dense, the berries have a high keeping quality, even without a refrigerator they can be stored for several days.
Also, a young Dutch strawberry variety, tested in the middle zone of our country, belongs to varieties with an average ripening period. The bush is large, strong, the leaves are dark green, a large number of peduncles are formed on the bush. The fruits are large, with a sweet taste, and a beautiful dark red color. The flesh of the berries is dense, dark red, very juicy. This strawberry is transportable, it is a universal variety. It is distinguished by its high yield and resistance to various diseases. A small amount of whiskers is formed, which makes it easier to care for the site.
The Dutch variety belongs to varieties with a late ripening period. It is high-yielding and large-fruited. The bush is strong, large, dense. The leaves are dark green in color, with a glossy sheen on the surface. A large number of peduncles are formed on the bush. Fruits are well covered with leaves, large, have the shape of a blunt cone.
The taste of the berries is very pleasant, aromatic, the flesh is dense, dark red in color, their surface is shiny. The fruits are large not only at the first collection, but also at all subsequent ones. The transportability of the berries is good. It is used in the preparation of desserts, as well as for decorating cakes and pastries. It is a versatile variety, has good resistance to fungal diseases, as well as winter hardiness.
It is a variety of domestic selection. Refers to varieties with medium and late ripening. Possesses high winter hardiness, good regenerative ability. The bush is strong, vigorous, but compact, with thick peduncles. The leaves are dark green in color, medium in size. The Borovitskaya variety is self-fertile and high-yielding. The berries at the first collection reach a weight of 35 g, they are of the correct shape in the form of a blunt cone (except for the berries of the first collection).
The fruits are dark red in color, the berries are often doubled with a groove in the middle. The berries are large, their flesh is dense, juicy, has a sweet and sour dessert taste, their surface is light red, aromatic. Fruits tolerate transportation well, have good keeping quality. Also, this variety is highly resistant to fungal diseases.
"Queen Elizabeth II"
The “Queen Elizabeth II” variety is one of the best remontant varieties to date. The bushes are powerful, low-leafed, with low formation. Bears fruit actively throughout the season. The berries of this strawberry variety are large, aromatic, have a dessert taste, with a high pulp density. Some gardeners, with whom this variety is very popular, cultivate it even on a warm balcony, and it pleases with the harvest until the New Year. Refers to varieties of universal use. Possesses high winter hardiness. It is capable of bearing fruit from April to November, with developed agricultural technology.
This variety is also remontant. The variety is large-fruited. Its peculiarity is that the rosettes on the mustache begin to bear fruit without even taking root. Plants of the "Garland" variety are strong and high-yielding. The fruits are large in size, the pulp is dense, has a pleasant aroma and wonderful taste. Berries are large not only at the first harvest. The flower stalks of the bush are long, which makes harvesting easier. The variety is also unique in that it can be cultivated both in a summer cottage on a plantation, and on a balcony, lifting it along trellises, or in hanging pots.
A variety of American breeders. Its flowering and fruiting is not affected by the length of daylight hours. The plant feels the same both with long and short daylight hours. The variety is capable of bearing fruit continuously for 10 months a year. The bush is strong, large, strong, but compact.
The fruits are large, have a red color, the surface of the berries is shiny. They taste sweet and sour. With good care, fruits can reach a weight of up to 50 g.
The variety has high winter hardiness and disease resistance. If the summer is cool, as well as in the autumn period of fruiting, the berries become long and even larger.
The variety is capable of bearing fruit from the end of May until the first frost. The rosettes newly formed on the bushes begin to bear fruit very quickly. The bushes are medium in size, semi-sprawling, they have a weak adaptive capacity. The fruits are very large, beautifully shaped, dark red in color. The pulp of the berries is dense and juicy. Ripe berries have a wild strawberry aroma. The size of the berries does not depend on the time of collection - they remain large throughout the entire fruiting period. The variety is high-yielding. The flower stalks are long, which makes this culture also decorative. "Crimean remontantnaya" is highly resistant to fungal diseases, as well as to strawberry mites. Does not require shelter for the winter.
A remontant variety, obtained by French breeders, a high-yielding variety. Bushes are low, medium-sized, spreading. Fruits are large at the first harvest, and medium-sized at further harvests. The color of the berries is light red, they taste sweet and sour. The fruiting period lasts a long time - from late June to late autumn, with a short break in summer. The variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and resistance to fungal diseases.
This variety is remontant, high-yielding. Small bush, compact. The fruits are large at the first harvest, and medium at further harvests. The berries have a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The variety is frost-resistant. Strawberries of this variety bear fruit from the end of June until the first frost, with a break of two weeks.
A remontant variety, bred by German breeders. In Europe it is in high demand. The bush is medium in size, but spreading, with few leaves, forms a lot of whiskers. The winter hardiness of this variety is low, so it tolerates snowy winters better without severe frosts. Mulching of the bushes is required for the winter period of time. The fruits of the first harvest reach large sizes - up to 20 g. Refers to varieties with an early ripening period. Fruits during subsequent harvests are smaller, have a bright red color. The surface of the berries is shiny. The berries are elongated in shape, the flesh is white, the taste is tender, sweet and sour. Strawberries of this variety bear fruit until frost. Fruits develop on the main plants as well as on the rosettes of the whiskers. The variety belongs to the medium-yielding variety. It is not a variety for industrial use, but is preferred by gardeners for growing in their summer cottage.
This variety was obtained at the Ukrainian Research Institute of Horticulture. The bush is tall, with many leaves, the color of the leaves is dark green. Winter hardiness is high. The berries are large, their weight reaches more than 30 g. The fruits have a pleasant sweet and sour taste and delicate aroma. The surface of the berries is dark red and shiny. The fruits of the first stage of ripening ripen simultaneously with the berries of the middle ripening period. Strawberries of this variety bear fruit several times a year, the first time - at the end of June, the second - in August, and so on until frost. It is not a variety for industrial use, but it is suitable for growing in a summer cottage.
The variety is obtained by crossing the bova and impair varieties. The bush is straight, medium in size, strong and powerful. A lot of mustache is formed on it.
Strawberry leaves are large in size, their plates look up. The plant is self-pollinating, flowers are bisexual, peduncles are strong and tall, in large numbers. This variety belongs to varieties with an average ripening period. Vola is a high-yielding variety. The fruits are large and oblong when first picked. In further harvest, the berries are round in shape. Their surface is shiny, light red, with an orange tint. The pulp of the fruit is juicy, dense, orange-red in color.
The variety was obtained at the Ukrainian Research Institute of Horticulture. The bush is large, spreading, the leaves are of medium size. Peduncles are at the level of leaves, flowers are bisexual. The variety belongs to varieties with an early ripening period. The first fruiting occurs at the end of May. Berries are large in size, at subsequent harvests - medium, have a rounded terminal shape, red color. The surface of the fruit is shiny, with a lot of seeds. The pulp is tender, juicy, red, sweet and sour on the palate, aromatic. The yield of the variety is average.
This variety is bred in the USA. Refers to mouths with early and middle ripening periods. The bush is medium in size, strong, powerful, not too sprawling. The leaves are large, round-oval, dark green in color. Peduncles are medium, not very thick, long, located at the level of the leaves. The inflorescence of the plant is compact, surrounded by leaves. The flowers are large, white. During the first harvest, the berries have an irregular shape; with further harvest, the fruits become rounded-conical. Their surface is smooth, has a slight sheen and a red-orange color. The pulp of the berries is orange in color, the taste is sweet and sour, juicy and dense. The variety is transportable. The disadvantages include the fact that at the last harvest the berries are small. High-yielding variety.
When choosing one or another variety of garden strawberries for growing in your own backyard or summer cottage, you should pay attention to the various features of different varieties. So, for example, if there are frosty winters in your region, then you need to choose the most winter-hardy varieties.
If any plant disease is often found in your area, then you need to give preference to the variety most resistant to this disease, etc.
High-yielding varieties: "Knight", "rusich", "alpha", "regiment".
Winter hardy varieties: "Knight", "Gourmet", "Cinderella", "Sudarushka", "Nightingale".
Frost-resistant varieties: Troubadour, gigella, cardinal, tribute, brighton, tristar.
Powdery Mildew Resistant Varieties: "Maryshka", "fireworks", "cinderella", "attractive", "cardinal", "tasty".
Varieties resistant to brown and white leaf spot: "Attractive", "festive", "fireworks", "torpedo".
For Russian regions, breeders recommend choosing domestic strawberries.
Sprawling plants form compact multi-flowered peduncles. The fruits are juicy, quite dense, from 8 to 30 g. The taste is pleasant, sweet, there is a tangible aroma of wild strawberries. The Lyubava hybrid has been listed in the State Register since 2014.
Plants are adapted for growing in temperate climates. They differ in large berries (50-60 g), unpretentiousness. Elizabeth berries ripen early (mid-May), fruiting - 2-3 times a season (peaks). Fruits are leveled, about the same weight, closer to the autumn cold, noticeably increase in size (up to 80-100 g). Plants are vigorous, well leafy. They are demanding on nutrition and soil quality. This remontant strawberry is included in the list of the best varieties for the Urals, the Middle Belt, and the Black Earth Region.
For those who prefer the mustacheless varieties, the Countess strawberry is recommended. Berries are large, up to 80 g, excellent taste. The color is scarlet with red, there is a gloss on the skin. Over the summer, the bush forms no more than three whiskers. Advantages - high levels of sugar content, the presence of strawberry aroma.
Included in the list of the best domestic varieties of garden strawberries of the remontant type, large-fruited, reminiscent of a climbing culture.
On a note! There are no curly strawberries (this is an advertisement). Ampelous (hanging) species are grown, as well as plants with fruiting unrooted rosettes. They can curl slightly up the trellis or grow down.
Yields the harvest throughout the summer season (until early October). There are many peduncles on the bush. Experienced gardeners harvest the first 2-3 to increase future yields. The berries are very sweet, even, weighing 35-40 g.
Plants look elegant, they are grown both on ridges and vertically using trellises.
The bushes of this strawberry are like a ball. Inflorescences are spreading, give 4-5 flowers. Berries are dark burgundy in color, with shine. The taste is good, sweet. Usage: all types of processing, freezing. With proper agricultural technology, high yield rates are noted: up to 2 kg per bush.
Strawberries "Crimean remontant" are suitable for growing in the Krasnodar Territory, in the Stavropol Territory. It is distinguished by drought resistance, grows up to 3-4 years without rejuvenation, showing high productivity. Berries of excellent taste, moderate density, weigh an average of 25-30 g.
Also, positive feedback from gardeners deserved:
Russian breeders offer a large number of varieties of garden strawberries with a small size of fragrant berries.
Begins to yield crops from the beginning of June, ends in late autumn. The berries are creamy yellow, fragrant, weigh 2-3 g, the mustache does not form in the bushes.
Alpine species of garden strawberries, compact bushes, grow up to 18-20 cm, fruits weigh 3-5 g, sweet, with a pronounced strawberry aroma. It is also recommended for cultivation in pots and containers on a loggia, balcony.
Winter-hardy strawberry with a large number of small berries, weight - 1.5-2 g, there is a subtle pineapple aroma. 0.8-1 kg is collected from one square meter. Recommended for the North-West (Leningrad, Vologda regions, Karelia).
A high-yielding and mustache-free variety. The berries are light yellow and do not attract birds. According to the reviews of many summer residents, the taste and aroma are excellent. According to these indicators, the Yellow Miracle surpasses the red-fruited remontant varieties. Abundant fruiting.
In a huge assortment of various varieties, each summer resident will be able to find garden strawberries to suit his needs. When choosing, you should carefully study the main varietal characteristics, familiarize yourself with the recommendations of breeders and experienced summer residents on growing and care features.
Remontant strawberries are very popular now, especially its new varieties, which are distinguished by high yields and large fruits.
For example, in some European countries, the cultivation of such varieties with the use of film shelters allows you to get a total yield of 10 - 15 kilograms from one square meter per season.
The varieties of remontant strawberries "Mount Everest", "Geneva", "Brighton Tristar", "Tribute" and others are already familiar to gardeners, but the variety "Elizabeth II" is not well known to anyone. However, it may well compete with the best varieties and, over time, squeeze them strongly.
Why is this variety so good?
First, the quality and size of the berries. They are very large - individual "specimens" weigh 100 - 110 grams (the mass of an average apple), bright red, with dense pulp. The berries tolerate transportation well, they do not boil during processing. In addition, they freeze perfectly.
For the sake of fairness, we note that the berries ripening in late September - early October are not as tasty as those that ripen in June-July.
The second feature of the Elizaveta II variety is its pronounced remontance, which, with good care, provides a two- or even three-fold increase in yield compared to conventional remontant varieties: the bushes bloom and bear fruit almost continuously from May to November.
Let's clarify that fruiting occurs in waves. The first wave is in early June. The second wave occurs in the first ten days of July, the third in mid-August. Under favorable conditions, fruiting continues until mid-October. Another unique property of this variety is very early fruiting due to the fact that already formed buds overwinter and in spring, if the weather is favorable, early flowering begins and, accordingly, the berries ripen early.
If the site is covered with sawdust and film at the beginning of winter, then strawberry bushes winter better.
Repairing varieties are very demanding on agricultural technology, but rarely does any of the gardeners provide the necessary conditions for at least one third, thereby depriving themselves of the harvest that could have been.
Repaired varieties need a continuous supply of nitrogen and potassium, phosphorus fertilizers must be applied during soil preparation (they are usually not used in the form of top dressing).
Regular watering is a must, but the soil should not float. Mulching with humus, sawdust, straw or planting a plant on a black film or non-woven material helps to partially prevent the soil from flooding.
Frequent loosening of the soil surface after almost every watering or rain contributes to the vigorous activity of the root system.
Soil preparation, as a rule, begins no later than a month before planting strawberries. Different planting dates are preferred: in July - early August, but during this period it is difficult to find seedlings. Well, if you decide to plant strawberries in the spring, prepare high ridges in the fall.
Planting in mid-April under a film ensures harvesting in almost the same time frame as for ordinary strawberry varieties, but nevertheless, the first flower stalks must be removed, then the next harvest will be more significant. Thus, the "Elizabeth II" variety can be planted at any time - from early spring to October.
Remove yellowed leaves from plants in early spring. Carry out the first feeding with ammonium nitrate (it is better to use urea starting from the end of May). During the growing season, it is advisable to carry out 10-15 additional fertilizing with complex fertilizer or slurry.
To obtain a high yield, it is necessary to regularly tear off the whiskers that appear.
But the most important thing is the quality of the planting material. Virus-free (revitalized) strawberries are very rare, but they provide at least a twofold increase in yield, provided that agricultural technology is followed.
Having listed all the benefits of remontant, mustache-free strawberries, we can notice that they lack the usual way of propagation. Therefore, such varieties are grown by sowing seeds. The method is quite laborious at home. The seeds are small and require careful care when grown.
Typically, gardeners propagate beardless strawberries by dividing the bush.
This method is proven and reliable. But for varietal breeding, sowing of seeds is also needed. Experienced gardeners take on this difficult but worthy job.
First, about the soil. The beardless strawberry beauty loves sandy loam and loam, but the seeds will still gratefully respond to the presence of humus. You can take ready-made soil for seedlings. Important! Be sure to read the composition of the soil and its acidity.
There are special mixtures for growing strawberries, they contain sand.
To distribute small seeds evenly in the ground, they are also mixed with dry sand.
Then the planting container is filled with soil and watered.
The seeds are sown on the surface, trying to distribute them evenly.
The container is covered with a film, as if creating a mini-greenhouse. This is necessary to create optimal conditions for seeds to germinate. These treatments are best done in late March or early April.
As soon as shoots appear, the greenhouse is periodically opened for ventilation.
At the age of three true leaves, small seedlings dive.
Caring for dived seedlings consists of moderate watering, hardening, loosening, and removing weeds. Beerless strawberry seedlings are mulched to retain moisture. The hardening time is increased gradually so that the seedlings "get used" to the temperature of the open beds.
As soon as six leaves grow on the seedlings, it's time to go to the garden.
Preparing the ground, marking the rows and planting new residents in the open space.
Mustacheless strawberries do not like soil after eggplant, potato and tomato. Grows well after carrots or onions.
Plants are placed on the site according to the rules. We maintain the width of the ridges 1.2 m, and leave 30 cm between the bushes.
When planting, we enrich the soil with ash, superphosphate (1 tbsp. L) or ready-made mineral fertilizer (according to the instructions). We try to keep the roots from touching the fertilizer.
The procedure is carried out at a time when the active sun does not affect the plants - in the evening or in the morning. When the bushes are planted, it is time to care for the mustacheless strawberries.
Now you need to ensure that:
After a week, which we give the bushes for adaptation, young leaves appear. In autumn, a young bush of beardless strawberries will give the first fruits, so that you can judge the quality of the selected variety.
During this period of life, remontant strawberries require removal of the leaves two months after their appearance.
We monitor the condition of the soil, apply the required types of fertilizers, water, introduce modern technologies for growing strawberries without a mustache and get a good high-quality harvest.
What are the best varieties of mustardless remontant strawberries that experienced gardeners recommend growing? What are the main criteria for choosing a culture?
Many gardeners grow garden strawberries "the old fashioned way" - they have planted one or two beds and are waiting for a one-time harvest. But if you look at the culture more broadly, it can delight with berries throughout the season. Firstly, due to a selection of varieties of different ripening periods, and secondly, thanks to varieties of remontant strawberries. In recent years, neutral day strawberries have begun to gain popularity among our gardeners. And it is not surprising, because such strawberries are more than twice as productive as disposable varieties - and this is already worthy of special attention! In this article I will tell you about the features of growing remontant strawberries and its popular varieties.
Growing remontant strawberry garden and its best varieties