A large number of onion varieties are known, and each of them requires special care. The Stuttgarter onion variety is known for its unpretentiousness, capable of producing excellent yields.... Because of this, he is quite popular among gardeners. The description, characteristics and agricultural techniques of this variety are given below.
This variety was bred by German breeding specialists. It can be classified as a mid-season species, therefore, the variety is popular not only among professional gardeners, but also among amateurs. The variety is universal; it is in great demand in the country's markets.
A characteristic feature of the vegetable is the large-sized bulbs with rounded flatish shapes. The weight of one can reach up to a quarter of a kilogram, but on average, the weight reaches from one hundred to one and a half hundred grams... Ripe onions range in color from yellowish brown to white, with a semi-sharp taste.
The yield of the variety allows you to collect from five to eight kilograms of neat bulbs from each square meter of the garden.
Vegetables contain a lot of vitamin C... This feature makes it an excellent tool in the fight against colds. In addition, the bulbs contain a lot of dry matter, which allows it to be dried or frozen.
During storage, onions do not waste their useful qualities.
The Stuttgarten Riesen variety is successfully used for the preparation of first courses, canning and forcing. Stores well, growth period is three months.
Stuttgarter is resistant to many diseases and harmful parasites.
The cultivation of this variety is possible with sets or seeds. The second option is characterized by the fact that the planting material reacts sharply to temperature changes and is able to lag behind in development.
Planting is performed both in autumn and spring.... For autumn sowing, smallish seedlings should be used, because during the storage period they dry out a lot. Autumn plantings must be mulched using humus or peat. The vegetable does not have special requirements for the composition of the soil, but prefers fertilized beds, the acidity level in which is neutral. In these areas, yields will be especially good. The seeds can be harvested in one hundred and twenty days. Sevok will give you the opportunity to start harvesting a little over two months after planting.
The best predecessors are cucumbers and tomatoes, legumes. Onions should not be planted after potatoes... He will grow up tired and exhausted, in a harsh winter he may simply freeze out.
Gardeners, to get a good harvest, use an effective fertilizer composition Biogrow... This fertilizer is used for various plants, does not contain harmful chemicals, and can increase yields by fifty percent. It should be applied to the soil several times during the season.
This method can be used in autumn or early spring. On a previously prepared area, grooves are arranged across, between which a distance of about fifteen centimeters remains. The sowing depth is two centimeters, the gap is up to one and a half... After finishing sowing, the soil needs to be compacted a little.
For the convenience of distinguishing between crops, the seeds are mixed with a small amount of chalk.
Watering the beds with crops should not be immediately followed so that the soil does not form a crust, which will be quite difficult for young shoots to break through. As soon as shoots appear, planting must be thinned out.
The method is good because it does not require significant cash costs. And the seeds, grown by you yourself, give confidence that they do not contain diseases and pests.
Experienced gardeners assure that planting onions with sevkom before winter is not the best option, since in such cases there is a strong probability that the bow will go into the arrow. But if the decision is made to plant this way, then the smallest bulbs are used as planting material in order to minimize such risks.
The soil for this planting must be cool. It is believed that onions are planted with a set of onions two weeks after the garlic. Before planting, the material must be prepared:
This landing method has its positive differences:
Sevok will best of all take root in the "native" climate.
In this case, it is recommended to use turnip or rejected sets. The landing is tight. The bulbs are not covered with earth. The garden bed is watered, covered with plastic wrap... To speed up growth, you can feed the bed with a urea solution. Watering is carried out frequently.
The onion variety Stuttgart is unpretentious, does not require special care. But you need to know what circumstances will improve its growth and increase yields.
The soil composition must be neutral in acidity... Onions, although they tolerate cold weather, feel better in warm or temperate climates.
Weeding is an essential element to get a good harvest. By getting rid of weeds, you give the bulbs nutrients from the ground., create space for growth. By loosening the soil, oxygen is supplied to the root system, which also has a beneficial effect on growth.
Watering is carried out as the soil dries up, complex formulations are used as fertilizers. To accelerate growth a few weeks after planting, it is allowed to use mullein or dissolved bird droppings.
A month later, the culture is fed urea (15 g), superphosphates (15 g) and potassium salt (40 g). Everything is diluted in water and added to the beds when watering.
Pale leaves and poor growth remind of the lack of nitrogen. The resulting blackness indicates that there is not enough phosphorus for the plants.
It is forbidden to use fresh manure as a feeding component.
This variety of onions perfectly tolerates diseases, resists pests. He is not afraid of powdery mildew. The most likely cause of onion diseases can be poor-quality planting material.... For this reason, seeds should be purchased in special stores, before planting, they should be treated with a manganese solution. To scare off parasites in onion beds, it is recommended to sow a small amount of dill.
Before harvesting, watering is reduced, then it stops altogether so that the onion can ripen. You can harvest when the foliage turns yellow and withers. Do not keep the bulbs in the ground for a long time so that they do not start growing again..
The harvested onions are dried, sorted, and the root system and leaves are removed.
First of all, you should use unripe bulbs. To store the seed, use boxes of sand placed in the basement.... If moisture appears, the onion must be dried again.
The cultivation of this onion variety is not difficult. By observing all the requirements, you can get excellent harvests.
Every year with the onset of spring, as soon as you can get to the vegetable beds, gardeners start sowing onion seeds. You cannot do without this vegetable crop. It is presented in many varieties. And every gardener has his own favorite, the best of them. These are onion varieties that combine high yields, large fruits, and excellent taste. They must be well stored and resistant to disease and adverse weather conditions. According to the definition of vegetable growers and gardeners, the "stuttgarter" onion can be included in the group of the best.
From year to year, with the onset of spring, barely hitting the vegetable beds, summer residents start sowing onions. It is impossible to imagine modern life without this vegetable culture. There are a great variety of onion varieties. Each gardener has his own preferences, favorite, the best of them. Such a popular variety of onions among summer residents is "stuttgarter". It is distinguished by a combination of very worthy qualities: high yield, large-fruited, excellent taste. In addition, it has good storage properties and is also resistant to adverse weather conditions and diseases. What is the stuttgarter rizen bow. Let's read the description of the variety and also see the reviews.
The onion "stuttgarter" is produced by German breeders. A universal variety, in terms of ripening it belongs to the early varieties. The vegetative period lasts from 95 to 100 days. The bulbs of the variety are large, flat-round in shape, weighing 100-150 g. Dense golden-brown scales cover the fruit. The onion has a semi-spicy taste, which allows it to be consumed fresh. Onions are rich in vitamin C and have a high dry matter content, which makes them very useful and allows you to cook dry or frozen preparations. The variety is resistant to low temperatures, powdery mildew, does not produce arrows, is well stored.
Would you like to know what kind of cultivation the stuttgarter risen onion requires? Then the following information will work for you. "Stuttgarter" is grown in several ways. According to the description, the variety is a cold-tolerant plant. This property makes it possible to sow it both in spring and autumn. For cultivation, you can use both seeds and onion sets. To obtain a green feather, small fractions of the fruit are planted.
Planning the beds.
Well-lit areas with fertile soil are allocated for planting onions. It can be moderately acidic chernozem or loam. Crop rotation also needs to be considered. The precursors for Stuttgarter onions can be cabbage, nightshade, cucumber and legumes.
Features of sowing onion seeds.
If you choose this method, you should start in early spring, as soon as the soil is slightly dry.
So, at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, we prepare the furrows, and we plant the seeds to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Sprinkle the grooves with earth and slightly compact. Furrows do not need to be watered. in early spring, the ground is fairly humid.
Features of planting onion sets.
In this article, you can read a description of the variety that has a stuttgarter onion. Proper seating and grooming is also important here. If planting is preferable, the onions need to be sorted out and sorted by size. According to gardeners, the stuttgarter onion does not need pre-sowing preparation, but some summer residents do it: they warm the seedlings for several hours at a temperature of about forty degrees, soak them in a manganese solution a day before planting, then dry them.
For the cultivation of sevka, several planting dates are provided. The finer fraction is planted earlier. Bulbs with a diameter of more than 1 cm expect the soil to warm up to fifteen degrees. Although the description of the variety says about the resistance of the plant to shooting, many summer residents, according to the generally accepted rule, wait for the onset of stable warm weather with the required soil temperature, and only then start planting seedlings.
Onion sets are planted in rows with a distance of 20-25 cm between them. The stuttgarter onion is distinguished by its large fruit. According to summer residents, sevok should not be planted close to each other. This will avoid deforming the bulbs. The minimum distance for full development is 10-15 cm.
As noted above, caring for a Stuttgarter onion is very simple. The soil should be free of weeds and loose. In this case, no preventive measures are required. Onions are not susceptible to pests and practically do not get sick. During the period of intensive growth, which lasts until the beginning of July, onions require complex fertilization and regular watering. At the same time, fresh manure is not suitable for feeding. Further, watering and feeding are stopped.
For a good harvest, it is recommended to choose stuttgarter onion sets. As mentioned above, the growing season for this onion variety is ninety-five days from the date of planting. Yellowing and lodging of leaves is a signal that it is time to harvest. It is not worth delaying with this, tk. delay can lead to rotting of the leaves, and then the fruit. Previously, it was believed that by forcibly breaking a feather, you can artificially cause its lodging and accelerate the ripening of the fetus. Currently, experienced gardeners do not advise doing this. Damage to the leaf part can cause it to rot, which will significantly affect the quality of the ripened crop.
Harvesting is recommended in sunny weather. It is undesirable to do this during rain, because wet fruits will be difficult to dry. Stuttgarter onions are highly productive. The description of the variety contains data that a turnip can reach a weight of 150 grams.
So, carefully, so as not to damage the fruits, we dig in our onions and remove them from the ground. If the weather is sunny, the crop is left on the beds to dry, and then placed under a canopy. Leaves and roots are not removed at this stage. You need to sort the onions. Fruits with damage and defects are discarded. They can be used immediately for cooking.
If the planting was done correctly, then the stuttgarter onion will delight the gardener with a rich harvest. Reviews of this variety speak of the excellent keeping quality of onions. If the crop is fully ripe, was harvested on time, there will be no problems with its storage. Gardeners claim that it does not rot and does not germinate.
Many housewives use a popular way of storing onions - they braid them in braids. It is very convenient to hang them under a canopy to dry. Later onions can be placed in small containers or bags by removing dried feathers and roots. A dry, well-ventilated room with a stable temperature is suitable for storing onions. You can also leave the onion braids hanging out for storage.
The Stuttgarter onions were bred thanks to the painstaking work of breeders from the German company Zamen Mauser Quedlinburg. To obtain a novelty, varieties with similar characteristics were used, their best qualities were taken.
Onions have been included in the state register since 1995. It is resistant to genetic mutations; during its existence, quality standards have been preserved. This led to the widespread distribution of the Stuttgarter Riesen variety in the Russian Federation.
The harvest largely depends on the care and feeding throughout the season. Care consists in loosening the soil with the formation of a crust, removing weeds and timely watering without waterlogging.
Autumn application of humus has a positive effect on feather growth and bulb size. Fresh manure burns the bulbs and can cause parasite and pest infestation.
The first feeding is recommended two weeks after the appearance of the feather - add urea (1 tablespoon per 12 liters).A month after that, and with the formation of bulbs, add superphosphate and potassium salt.
The lack of nutrients in the soil is evidenced by the changes occurring in the plant:
Ripening of turnip onions of the Stuttgarter Riesen variety occurs 2-2.5 months after the first greens are released. The heads are removed in dry weather, when the neck becomes thinner, and the feather lays down and begins to dry out. Onions, without cutting off the remains of the tops, are laid out in a thin layer for ripening in a warm room (preferably with a temperature of +25 to +30 degrees). After 20 days, the heads are placed in nets or nylon stockings are stored suspended at room temperature, protected from dampness and sudden temperature changes.
IMPORTANT! If possible, the Stuttgarter Riesen variety is kept at temperatures from +42 to +45 degrees during the first 12 hours after harvesting: this will reduce cervical rot.
A few general tips for growing onions:
Stuttgarter Riesen onions are perfect for growing in any climatic zone. He is not afraid of the cold, he also tolerates heat successfully. In care, he is not picky and, even with insufficient attention, is able to give a good harvest.