Ornamental cabbage, or, as it is also called, ornamental princess, is a unique flower that you can use to decorate your garden or flower bed. The extraordinary beauty of the plant allows it to become the highlight of the site. If you organize the arrangement of cabbage in a flower garden correctly, you can be sure that the design of the flower bed will be stunning. In this article, we will show you how to plant a colored vegetable and take care of it afterwards.
Ornamental kale is a biennial plant that essentially combines several types of kale. In the first year of its life, it amazes with its gorgeous external data. In the second year of life, its active flowering and the appearance of fruits begin.
The variety of varieties that belong to this group of cruciferous crops will allow anyone to find a plant that satisfies all his taste preferences. The height of the flower varies from 25 cm to 120 cm. Cabbage leaves can be of various shapes and colors. Elliptical and ovoid outlines look the most advantageous. The color palette of the plant has a huge number of tones from pale white to bright purple.
Most varieties of cabbage are edible. The red and white type of leafy plants (Nagoya) are characterized by juicy and tender leaves, which are often grown for sale as a side dish. Plant varieties with fringed leaves also have excellent taste.
Only fresh and young leaves are used for cooking.
Rinse them under running water. Do not soak in water for a long time, as the cruciferous culture will lose its beneficial properties. Experts advise pouring boiling water over the leaves instead of washing. A slightly withering leaf can be used when making a puree soup.
Each of the varieties of ornamental cabbage has a unique appearance. The most popular plant varieties for growing in your own flower bed include:
You can grow ornamental cabbage using the seedling method using seeds. Seedlings can be sown in:
Having picked up small containers, we sow a couple of seeds in each of them. As a rule, embedding into the soil is carried out to a depth of 1 cm. It is preliminarily recommended to treat the soil with a fungicide, which will prevent the appearance of a black leg in seedlings.
If the temperature in the room where the crops are located is within 20 degrees, then the first shoots can be expected after a couple of days.
After the seedlings appear, it must be transferred to a cooler room. Watering should be done in moderation. When the second leaf appears, it is necessary to feed the seedlings. The best way to do this is to use Kemiru Universal. For every sq.m. you need a spoon (st.) of fertilizer.
Closer to the beginning of May, the shoots should be planted in open ground. As a rule, during this period, each plant has about 5 leaves. If you wish, you can initially sow seedlings in the garden, and towards the end of August, transplant them into a flower bed.
Before planting a plant in a greenhouse, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture based on sand, peat and soil from the garden (proportion 2: 1: 2). The soil mixture layer should reach about 12-15 cm. Before sowing, the soil is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate, which will prevent the occurrence of a fungal infection in the future.
The seeds should be placed in small dimples (about 1 cm) in the amount of 2 pieces. and lightly sprinkled with well-fluffed earth. DTo accelerate germination, the crops are covered with foil. The temperature in the greenhouse should be within 20 degrees. As soon as the first shoots appear, the temperature regime drops to 12 degrees. The seedlings are watered sparingly, and the soil is loosened as needed.
This method allows you to grow a hardened and temperature-resistant plant. The ideal time for planting seeds is mid-April. Before emergence, the sown area is covered with a film.
Seeds are sown in loosened soil, embedding them 1.5 cm deep. As soon as shoots appear, crops must be thinned out, leaving stronger flowers. Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place after 30-40 days.
Timely care of the plant will allow you to get large lace rosettes.
Caring for ornamental cabbage is easy. It is important to regularly:
2 weeks after planting the plant in a permanent place, it is necessary to start feeding the young growth. For these purposes, urea and diluted mullein are used. It is better to select the proportion for feeding from taking into account the liter capacity of the mullein per 10 liters of water. This will provoke intensive foliage formation.
The next top dressing, as a rule, is carried out 14 days after the first. For this, mineral fertilizers are used. As soon as each of the bushes forms about 10 leaves, you can begin to loosen the earth around the flowers.
Proper feeding will stimulate the growth and development rate of seedlings. However, it is very important to follow the rules and not exceed the fertilizer ratio.
Rose-shaped cabbage varieties are often used to create flower beds, ridges and borders. In this case, it is advisable to plant them next to annual plants. Also, flowers are successfully populated in places of faded spring flowers. An ornamental plant perfectly tolerates several transplants, it can even bloom with the onset of frost.
The flower perfectly tolerates not only frost, but also bitter frost at a temperature of -12, -14 degrees. The main advantage of planting ornamental cabbage in flower beds is cost-effectiveness. One plant takes up almost 50 cm of space, so this is ideal for owners of large areas.
Cabbage flies love to feast on ornamental cabbage. In order to protect your flowers, you need to make special paper collars. Cut out circles from paper, the diameter of which will be approximately 10 cm. Cut their edges to the center along straight lines. We thread the stems into the cuts and wrap the flowers tightly. As soon as the seedlings gain strength, the paper collars can be removed.
Ornamental cabbage is susceptible to several diseases, namely:
In order to protect the plants, it is necessary to monitor the maintenance of the acid balance of the soil and regularly use microbiological preparations.
Observing all the recommendations of experts, you can decorate your own site and give it a zest. The plant looks especially gorgeous after the onset of frost. The frost on the leaves gives them a kind of crispness, and the ice between the leaves shines in the sun like diamonds.
Fall. Most flowers are yellow, wilted and not pleasing to the eye. But not ornamental cabbage. She, still smart, flaunts like the queen of an autumn garden, striking with a variety of colors. If you haven’t yet had ornamental cabbage on your site, growing from seeds is a fun way to get it in all its glory.
Flowerbed with ornamental cabbage
To decorate a flower corner, you need to decide on the type of cabbage. Whether it will be a curb shorty or something unusual, like a palm tree.
Rosette cabbage or Japanese roses have the following common varieties:
Japanese roses are used to decorate borders; it is recommended to plant them in the gaps in the ground left after perennial flowers.
Additional Information! Japanese roses are very strong, they can withstand winter with frosts down to -12 ° C.
The subspecies includes cabbage with a high stem:
It is recommended to grow miraculous palms in a central place in the flower beds. They are placed around the site in tubs and large flowerpots, such a decoration looks very impressive.
You need to fill the flower bed carefully. One flower takes up a lot of space, so you should place them one at a time so as not to overload the design.
This method just blew up the Internet a few years ago and turned the idea of seedlings of not only cabbage, but also other vegetable and flower crops upside down for many.
Its essence is to place a large number of seedlings in a small area.
This is achieved by planting in such twisted rolls, with a layer of substrate between the turns, into which the seeds are placed.
For this method, a laminate backing is usually taken because it is dense and does not get wet.
The soil is laid on the substrate, after which the so-called "snail" is twisted.
The wider the strip of laminate flooring, the taller your snail will be. And the longer it is, the thicker the roll will be and the more seeds will fit into it.
The soil is not poured into the snail completely, so that it is possible to fill in the seeds, which are laid out along the entire spiral at a distance of 1.5 - 2 cm from each other.
It is very easy to dive seedlings from a snail, you just need to unfold it, soak the soil and simply remove the seedling from it.
Otherwise, caring for seedlings in a snail is no different from caring for seedlings in a tray.
If you do not want to engage in picking cabbage seedlings, then be sure to check out the next option.
Place for planting ready-made cabbage seedlings you need to prepare in the fall... Dig up the soil, apply a sufficient amount of fertilizer. When planting cabbage in the ground, you need to take into account the variety and diameter of the intended flower. As it grows, ornamental cabbage in the flowerbed should not feel cramped, but scatter its unusual leaves, showing its beauty and originality.
Planted cabbage does not require much maintenance. You do not need to water the cabbage every day; watering should be abundant. A decorative rose tolerates partial shade well, but it is better to plant it in sunny areas, the flowers are larger, and the color is brighter. Already an adult plant can, if necessary, be transferred to another place by digging up the cabbage deeply with a shovel and, together with a lump of earth, settling in another place, after which it must be watered abundantly.
Now a little about cabbage diseases and pests.
Old varieties of ornamental cabbage have been grown at the Gribovskaya vegetable station since the 1930s. These are improved varieties of kale. They look like palm trees - tall with beautiful leaves hanging down.
Lark tongue - from the group "Green Curly High". Plants are 130 cm high. Leaves grow on long petioles (20 cm), scalloped edge, curly. The colors are green with different shades. Palm plant.
Lark Tongue variety
Red curly high - similar to the previous variety. The color of the leaves is gray-violet or purple with blackness.
Variety "Krasnaya Curchavaya high"
Red curly low - by the name it is clear that it is not high, up to 60 cm height of the stem. The leaves are long, spreading. The plant can grow up to a meter in diameter and decorate the entire flower bed.
Kale collard can also be grown as ornamental, but it is better to use it for food.
Kale red variety
The modern representative is the variety "Kai and Gerda" - a mixture of plants with emerald and purple leaves (up to 50 cm high).
Variety "Kai and Gerda"
Japanese breeders have worked on varieties with beautiful loose heads. They hold the lead in creating new varieties and hybrids.
Tokyo "Tokyo " - small plants, about 30 cm tall. Very bright middle, contrasting with dark green lower leaves. They are rounded with a slightly wavy edge.
Variety "Tokyo pink"
Osaka «Osaka " - Leaves are often pink or white, similar to the "Tokyo" variety. Large rosette up to 45 cm in diameter, 60 cm high. Sometimes with strongly corrugated leaves or quite straight.
The varieties "Osaka red" and "Osaka white"
Nagoya - red or white leaves. A powerful plant with densely fringed unusual leaves. The rosette can be up to 60 cm.
Variety "Nagoya white"
Piglon - the variety has several colors, the most interesting is white and cream. Plants are small, neat, like roses. The leaves are slightly corrugated.
Coral Queen - interesting leaves of this unusual variety. Very deeply dissected, bright red, coral-like.Variety "Coral Queen"
Princess - the width and height of the plant is about 40 cm. Small, strongly corrugated leaves. The color of the leaves is different - yellow, white, red.
Grow cabbage through seedlings. Sowing begins from mid-March to April. Happy owners of a heated greenhouse can put boxes with seedlings right in the greenhouse. Everyone else needs to find the coolest and brightest place in the apartment. In the heat, seedlings grow poorly. Take it out to balconies, loggias, verandas.
To grow good seedlings, you need a special temperature regime:
Sowing is carried out in any containers about 15 cm high. The land needs to be loose, fertile, non-acidic. We mix turf and humus, or garden and peat. The seeds of the cabbage are quite large, we lay them out on wet soil in rows one by one. Distance of about 3 cm between rows and plants. Then we cover it with a layer of earth of 1.5 cm and water it abundantly.
Seedlings appear rather quickly, on the fourth day. When the sprouts have good cotyledons, we plant them less often according to the 6 by 6 cm scheme or in cassettes. So that when landing on the street, a clod of earth remains at each root.
Such a cold-resistant plant can be grown by sowing on the site. As the land will allow us to enter the garden, in April, we sow seeds into the ground. We arrange a little greenhouse. Covering material and film for arcs. Remove shelter on warm days. The method is suitable for those who live permanently on their site. To open in time, close the seedlings.
Ornamental cabbage shows all its beauty in sunny places. In partial shade, the color is dull.
Cabbage is planted in flower beds in mid-May with 4-5 leaves.
The main care for this flower is watering. To reduce this hard work, the land needs to be mulched. Hay, grass, wood chips - all this will help keep moisture in the ground and prevent weeds from growing. Keep the soil loose. In extreme heat, it is better to water the cabbage every day.
The main color of the foliage takes on with the onset of constant cool weather.
Ornamental cabbage flower bed
The main pests are cruciferous fleas, slugs, caterpillars. They harm more often young plants, and they are no longer afraid of the stronger ones.
Let it please with its unusual flowers until the very frost, when the garden is already empty and everything is preparing for winter. You can extend the life of this beauty and transplant the bush in a large pot home in the fall. It will stand until the new year. And in a cool place without freezing temperatures until spring.
Ornamental cabbage looks great in a flowerpot - only smaller flowers
You need to save the plants in the winter in order to plant next year and get your seeds. Naturally, only varietal plants are suitable for this. The rosettes planted in spring produce flower stalks and bloom in June-July. Seeds ripen in autumn in pods.
Birds like them very much, so in summer they need to be covered with a light cloth or gauze for protection. When the pods turn yellow and dry, cut them off, tie them into a bunch and hang them in a dry place. A newspaper should be laid down below. After a couple of weeks, they will dry out well and begin to open. Then it is easy to peel them and separate the seeds.
Immediately after transplanting young seedlings into open ground, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with the help of organic and nitrogen fertilizers, which will accelerate the growth of the vegetable crop and enhance the intense color of the leaves. You should be careful about feeding cabbage with manure, as this can lead to the loss of its decorative color. In order to determine the amount of fertilizing carried out, it is necessary to pay attention to the qualitative composition of the soil, and provided that there is good fertile soil, it can be fertilized no more than 2-3 times per season. When leaving, it is necessary to pay attention to maintaining the stability of the stem, since a heavy rosette is forming in ornamental cabbage, like in ordinary white cabbage. For these purposes, hilling is carried out, which makes it possible to increase the resistance of large plant heads.
Ornamental cabbage, like ordinary white cabbage, is a tasty morsel for a large number of garden pests, especially it attracts slugs, caterpillars, snails and aphids. To fight insects, you can resort to the help of insecticides and pesticides only if in the future this vegetable will not be eaten. Insecticides have a strong disinfecting effect, so one treatment per season is often sufficient. A good means of fighting slugs is needles and ash, which is used to sprinkle the soil and the plant itself. Often, aphids can also be found on collard greens, which can be fought with folk remedies, using laundry soap or ordinary ash.
The most dangerous enemies for this ornamental plant are caterpillars, which can destroy a vegetable crop in a few days. In order to scare them away from the cabbage, it is necessary to spray it with a 1% superphosphate solution, it is especially effective to do this immediately after rain. To protect vegetables from the invasion of new pests, regular inspection and removal of insects will help. If you do not want to resort to the help of any special preparations, you can jointly plant cabbage with dill, basil or calendula, which have a deterrent effect on pests.