Taking care of a cyclamen properly is essential if you wish to keep your cyclamen plant lasting year after year. Their vibrant flowers and interesting leaves make this plant a popular houseplant and many owners ask, “How do I take care of a cyclamen plant?” Let’s look at how to take care of cyclamen plants both during and after blooming.
Cyclamen care starts with the correct temperature. In nature, cyclamens grow in cool, humid environments. If the temperature of your house is over 68 F. (20 C.) during the day and 50 F. (10 C.) at night, your cyclamen will start to die slowly. Temperatures that are too high will cause the plant to begin to yellow, and the flowers will fade rapidly.
Cyclamen that are sold as houseplants are tropical and cannot tolerate temperatures below 40 F. (4 C.). Hardy cyclamen, on the other hand, which are sold in garden nurseries for outside use, are typically hardy to USDA Zone 5, but check the plant’s label to see the specific hardiness of the hardy cyclamen variety you are buying.
The next essential part of taking care of a cyclamen is to make sure that it’s properly watered. Cyclamen are sensitive to both over and under watering. Make sure the plant has excellent drainage with a potting medium that holds water well. Water your cyclamen plant only when the soil is dry to the touch, but do not leave the plant in this dry state so long that it shows visible signs of not being watered, such as droopy leaves and flowers.
When you water the plant, water from below the leaves so that the water doesn’t touch the stems or leaves. Water on the stems and leaves can cause them to rot. Soak the soil thoroughly and let any excess water drain away.
The next part of cyclamen plant care is fertilizer. Only fertilize once every one to two months with water soluble fertilizer mixed at half strength. When cyclamen get too much fertilizer, it can affect their ability to rebloom.
After a cyclamen blooms, it will go into a dormant state. Going into a dormant state looks very much like the plant is dying, as the leaves will turn yellow and fall off. It isn’t dead, just sleeping. With proper cyclamen plant care, you can help it through its dormancy and it will rebloom in a few months. (Please note that hardy cyclamen planted outdoors will go through this process naturally and do not need extra care to rebloom.)
When taking care of a cyclamen after blooming, allow the leaves to die and stop watering the plant once you see the signs that the leaves are dying. Place the plant in a cool, somewhat dark place. You can remove any dead foliage, if you would like. Let sit for two months.
Once a cyclamen has finished its dormant period, you can start to water it again and bring it out of storage. You may see some leaf growth, and this is okay. Make sure to completely soak the soil. You may want to set the pot in a tub of water for an hour or so, then make sure any excess water drains away.
Check the cyclamen tuber and make sure that the tuber has not outgrown the pot. If the tuber seems crowded, repot the cyclamen to a larger pot.
Once the leaves start to grow, resume normal cyclamen care and the plant should rebloom shortly.
The Cyclamen that I got for my birthday from my granddaughter is showing signs of not liking me, what can I do to help it?
In the world of symbolism, few flowers have been more inaccurately labeled than the cyclamen. Traditionally this petite bloom symbolizes timidity, but I have never found it to be faint-hearted. Enduring and prolific, it is one of my favorite flowering plants to use in my home during winter.
In nature cyclamen is a plant that goes dormant in summer and emerges during the cool, damp weather of fall, which is why you begin seeing them at florists and nurseries this time of year. Cyclamen come in a wide range of color, from white through the various shades of pink into the deep maroon. And if that is not enough, the foliage is a masterpiece into itself. I like this plant because it blooms for such a long time. Last year, I had one that continued blooming for four months, so you can really get your money’s worth with cyclamen.
Here are some tips for keeping your plant healthy and happy.
Cyclamen like lots of light so place your plant in a bright, sunny location.
This is one of those plants that is finicky about water. Too much and the tubers will rot, not enough and the foliage wilts beyond repair. Water when the soil surface feels dry, but before the plant begins to wilt. After watering, empty the saucer so that the plant is not sitting in water. The roots resent “wet feet.”
Just as they do in nature, cyclamen prefer cool temperatures when grown indoors. Hot, dry temperatures will cause the foliage to yellow and shorten bloom time. Keep them in a room that has daytime temperatures of about 68 degrees F and between 40 and 50 degrees F at night.
During the active growing season, fall through early spring, feed your cyclamen with an all-purpose liquid houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength. Do this about once a month.
Once your cyclamen stops blooming the foliage with begin to yellow and wither. This is natural the plant is just going into dormancy. At this point you can either toss the plant out or let it die back completely and try for more blooms next year. If you want to save it, stop watering the plant as soon as the leaves start to yellow. Store the pot in a cool location where it will not get water. The following autumn when leaves begin to emerge give the plant a good soaking and move to a bright, sunny location.
Sandy to clay soils are acceptable but should be well draining and loose with grit, compost or mulch. Wet and soggy soils with poor drainage will cause tubers to rot. Raised beds are proper if poor drainage can not be modified with the addition of mulch or compost. Fertilizers are not necessary but adding some bonemeal won't hurt. A layer of compost or mulch applied over the dormant tubers in summer is all that may be needed to provide nourishment while also discouraging weeds. Mulch can also preserve and even out the supply of moisture.
Hardy Cyclamen need watering in late summer and early fall to break dormancy and encourage new growth. An adequate supply of moisture is needed while the plant is in growth through fall, winter, and spring. Nature usually supplies enough moisture in these seasons, if not then watering by some other means may be neccesary. In summer when plants go dormant most species need some small amount of moisture to keep roots from dying back which will decrease bloom. A few species like hederifolium can do with very dry summers and minimal water if they are well established.
Perhaps you have read that it is difficult for it to be given correctly. However, this is a plant that requires specific care (which is not too complicated) to maintain a good state and effective development, especially when obtained from its germination.
This type of plant cannot receive direct sun. It needs contributions of indirect light. For that reason it is important to plant it in a suitable place this could be perfectly under the shade of a tree.
Being a plant that is protected by factors like the very strong breeze and the direct light, his roots tend to rot for this reason, it is not possible to water him so frequently. With 3 days a week of watering, it will be enough to keep it hydrated and also avoid such rotting. This should be done more carefully during the flowering period when she needs it the most.
It is also important to water it with a moderate amount of water so that it does not hurt the plant. You can easily do this with the hose or watering can, as long as the waterfalls directly on the substrate and never on the leaves.
A soil rich in nutrients, slightly humid, and with good drainage cannot be missing. The acidity of soils with lime should be controlled because it does not tolerate it very well.
Temperature: Some varieties can tolerate extremely high temperatures. However, they appreciate neutral climates. This can be achieved in different ways. For example: If the climate is very cold, protect it inside your house.
It is delicate in terms of temperature extremes, mainly drought.
To optimize the health of our plant, we recommend applying fertilizer once a month.
After the year of flowering, the plant will begin to produce less luxurious flowers. However, it remains decorative and can last a long time. This process should be stimulated by applying fertilizer, or by pulling out wilted leaves every time they appear.
Cyclamen – Gardens in Madrid, Spain
Since the cyclamen plant goes through phases of growth and dormancy, it’s important to know how to take care of it as it progresses between these extreme phases. Two things stand out here as far as cyclamen care is concerned. They are fertilizer and toxicity.
While a multi-purpose compost is needed during germination, the growing cyclamen prefers a liquid fertilizer to boost its leaves and flower growth. Choose a low-nitrogen fertilizer since a nitrogen-rich one would burn the roots and might kill the plant. When the plant has all its leaves on, give it a moderate dose of the liquid fertilizer every two weeks. Water it after fertilizing to help the roots leach off the nutrients.
It’s fair to say that with all its bright and cheerful colors and anti-inflammatory characteristics, cyclamen pots can sometimes be too tempting for your house pets. Dogs especially like to nibble at the marbled leaves and bright flowers. Even cats are not above it. That’s a real problem because both the leaves and flowers are toxic. While not fatal, eating the plant can cause digestive problems to your pets. It’s always a good idea to keep the pots out of reach of the pets.