Lobularia (lat.Lobularia), or the lawn is a genus of flowering plants of the Cabbage or Cruciferous family, close to the genus Alyssum (Burachok). There are five species in the genus that grow in the Mediterranean, but only the seaside lobularia, or sea lobularia, is grown in the culture. The genus name comes from the Latin word for "pod" and describes the shape of the lawn fruit.
Read more about growing lobularia below.
The seaside lawn is an annual plant, which is a compact or spreading densely branched bush up to 30 cm high with small grayish-green linear-lanceolate leaves from white hairs and small white or pale purple flowers with a honey aroma collected in a brush. Lobularia bloom lasts from May to mid-autumn, but is interrupted in dry and hot summers. The fruit of the seaside lobularia is an oval-shaped pod with a sharp top, in which orange-brown or yellow seeds ripen.
Cultivation of lobularia begins with sowing seeds. How to sow lobularia for seedlings? The seeds are spread with a damp toothpick on the surface of a loose and light, previously disinfected and moistened substrate placed in a seedling box. Sowing is done in March. The container is covered with glass or foil and placed in a warm, bright place, shaded from direct sunlight. To keep the substrate in a slightly moist state, it is sprayed from a spray bottle with settled water at room temperature. Every day, a film is briefly removed from the crops to ventilate and remove condensation. Seedlings may appear in a week and a half.
When the seeds begin to germinate, the cover is removed from the crops, and the temperature in the room is lowered by 2-3 degrees. At the stage of development in seedlings, pairs of true leaves dive into separate containers. Seedling care at this stage consists in moderate watering and loosening the soil around the seedlings.
Be careful with watering: excessive moisture can lead to a fungal disease of the black leg, from which small lobularia lodge and die.
Two weeks before planting in a flower garden, the seedlings are subjected to hardening procedures: they are taken out for a while in the open air, daily increasing the duration of such walks.
Lobularia seedlings are planted in open ground at the end of May, when the threat of night frosts has passed, the soil warms up and warm weather sets in. Lobularia grows well in open sunny areas, but you should not plant it where snow does not melt for a long time and water stagnates.
In the photo: Flowering lobularia in the open field
Lobularia marine is not particularly demanding on the composition of the soil, but it is desirable that it be permeable, neutral or slightly alkaline. When preparing a site, it is enough just to dig up the ground and level its surface. Seedlings are planted in holes located at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other: Lobularia does not like crowding. After planting, the surface is compacted and watered. Lobularia blooms from seeds 40 days after germination.
Planting lobularia and caring for this ornamental plant in the open field will not seem tiresome to you. You will need to water the flower garden from time to time, loosen the soil, remove weeds, and mow the lawn.
Prune the plant when the first stage of flowering is completed, and the stems are cut as low as possible. After pruning, the lobularia will begin to grow, quickly recover and bloom again on the eve of autumn, and even more magnificently than the first time.
Many new, recently bred varieties do not need pruning and resume flowering themselves as soon as the heat subsides.
It is not necessary to water the lobularia, well, except that an abnormally hot and dry summer will come. However, even with systematic watering and the most careful care, you will not make this plant bloom in extreme heat. There is also no need to feed the lawn.
In the photo: Growing lobularia from seeds
Lobularia is one of the most resistant to plant diseases and pests. She risks getting sick only as a result of improper planting: Lobularia growing too densely is sometimes affected by powdery mildew and other fungal diseases. Remove the affected specimens, and treat the rest of the plants with a fungicide solution.
Of the pests, slugs and a cruciferous flea, a malicious pest of cabbage crops, are dangerous for the lawn.
Flea destroyed by processing the flower garden with the drugs Decis, Aktellik, Karate, Bankol or Aktara.
BUT slugs it is better to collect by hand or lure into a trap - a glass jar dug up to the very throat into the ground, a third filled with beer or fermented compote.
The cultivated species of Lobularia marine has several popular varieties, and these, in turn, became the basis for the development of new varieties.
Variety of Bentham - plant up to 40 cm high with white flowers. The most famous varieties of this garden form are:
In the photo: How Lobularia blooms
Variety compact - plant up to 15 cm high. The best varieties:
Variety prostrate represented by such varieties:
In the photo: Lush flowering lobularia in the garden
Variegated variety is a plant up to 15 cm high with leaves fringed with a yellowish-white stripe and small light purple or white flowers:
The following varieties of Primorskaya Lobularia are popular:
Also in demand in horticultural floriculture series and variety mixture Easter Bonnet (a series of 5 varieties of lobularia of different colors up to 8 cm high), Snow Queen (plants up to 10 cm high with flowers of different colors) and Golf (tiny bushes up to 6 cm high with white flowers, pink, purple and other colors, including pastel).
Sections: Garden plants Cruciferous (Cabbage, Cabbage) Flowering Annuals Semi-shrubs Plants on L
Many gardeners know and love monarda (bergamot) - this is a beautiful decorative flower, the red color of which looks great against the background of other plants. It is ideal for the garden, bees love it, flowers fill the garden with a pleasant aroma. The plant has been used for many centuries and has an interesting taste. Detailed information on planting monarda and outdoor care is presented in this article.
The genus Liatris belongs to the Astrovye family, has about 50 species of perennial herbaceous plants.
The most popular species grown in gardens is Liatris spicata, an ornamental flower plant. This perennial grows in nature in central and eastern parts of North America. Currently, it is grown in our country as well.
Inflorescences are purple, lilac, pink. Flowering occurs in summer and early autumn - from July to September. Flowers are loved by pollinating insects - butterflies. Old inflorescences bend and look ugly.
Despite the fact that the lobularia blooms, like many other annuals, almost from the very beginning of the warm season, it is customary to rank it among the autumn-flowering crops. The fact is that the wave of the first, and not the most abundant flowering, it passes quickly enough. The plant does not tolerate heat and drought well, therefore, by the end of July or by August, not a trace remains of its buds. But, if it is stimulated to re-budding, it will bloom again on the eve of autumn, and the moderately warm weather of this period will favor the lush and abundant flowering of the second wave. This time, the lobularia will open its buds relentlessly until late autumn, until the first frosty breath of winter comes to the garden.
The flowering of the basic varietal varieties of lobularia occurs approximately 40-50 days after their planting. New breeding varieties and hybrids usually bloom earlier in the open field.
Growing bushes will need regular watering, weeding and loosening between rows 3-5 cm deep. To reduce the number of these procedures, the beds are mulched immediately after sowing.
When the bushes begin to form root crops, the daylight hours for them are sometimes artificially reduced. After 6 pm, the seedbed is covered with a covering material that does not allow light to pass through. So the fruits will be smoother and larger.
Radish loves moisture, only in such conditions its bushes will be able to fully develop the underground part. The moisture content of the soil for it should be about 80%. It is especially important to water the plants at the initial stage of development, otherwise, due to a lack of moisture, the roots will begin to taste bitter, and the pulp will lose its elasticity. Constant drought leads to the cessation of the development of the underground part - in such conditions, radishes begin to form arrows. Moisturizing only the top layer of the soil can end with the same result. The roots of the plant go to a depth of about 15-30 cm, and the water must reach this level. But too frequent and abundant watering for the vegetable is also not desirable - it may begin to crack.
The number and volume of irrigations are calculated based on weather conditions. If the spring is moderately rainy, watering is carried out once every couple of days or once a day, in the morning or in the evening after 5 pm. In especially dry and hot periods, watering the radish should be done both in the morning and in the evening. The most closely monitored soil moisture is during the formation of the first true leaf. For the juiciness of the future crop and its high taste, it is necessary to maintain the surface of the soil in a slightly damp state.
Due to the short growing season, plants should be fed with liquid formulations or nutrients should be added to the soil even before planting, preferably from autumn. If the radish grows on poor soil, it is fed twice during its growth. If the soil is fertile enough on its own, fertilizer is applied only once.
To obtain strong, healthy and useful root crops, fertilizing formulations should be chosen carefully. For fertilization, compost or humus is optimal. Its amount is calculated based on the quality of the soil. You can also add saltpeter (about 12 g per 1 sq. M), superphosphate (10 g), potassium compounds (10 g) and wood ash (0.5 l) to the soil. If the land is fertile enough, you can limit yourself only to mineral potassium-phosphorus additives, sometimes they are introduced by the foliar method. But you should be careful with nitrogen fertilizers. An excessive amount of this element will adversely affect the development of the bushes. They will begin to actively grow greens, while the roots will stretch out, form voids, and too many nitrates will appear in their composition. For the same reason, radishes cannot be fertilized with fresh manure - it can cause flowering of even the most resistant varieties.
When composing compositions with a "night beauty" in landscape design, take into account its variety (undersized or tall). Plants up to 1 m in height are usually used for planting as hedges. Mirabilises up to 40 cm in height look better on ridges, borders. They decorate loggias, terraces, planted in flowerpots and deep pots.
Suitable for the neighborhood of mirabilis:
Since the "night beauty" bush takes up a lot of space, it looks spectacular in single plantings.
Want to know more about growing mirabilis on site? Watch the following video: