Growing cranberries in suburban and garden plots


Growing and using cranberries

There are two types of cranberries growing in Europe - marsh cranberries and small-fruited. It has local names - crane, snowdrop, zhuravina.

Cranberry - an evergreen dwarf shrub from the Lingonberry family with creeping, creeping thin stems, with brownish bark. The leaves are small, non-falling, leathery, folded back. Below they are covered with a waxy coating.

Cranberry flowers are small, pinkish-red, solitary or collected in inflorescences of 2-6 on long, thin pedicels, drooping. It blooms in June-July. The fruits ripen in late autumn. They are bright red, juicy, sour, spherical, rounded, oblong or pear-shaped.

In our country, cranberries are widespread in the middle and northern regions of the European part of the country, in Siberia and the Far East. It grows in abundance in wet peat bogs. In the north, it reaches the Arctic Circle.

Cranberries are widely used in everyday life. It has the unique ability to keep fresh until the next harvest. Possesses antimicrobial properties, thanks to the strong antiseptics contained in it - benzoic and chlorogenic acids. Therefore, cranberry drink is beneficial for fever, as well as for diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract and bladder. Cranberry juice with honey helps with sore throat and colds, soothes coughs. Cranberries also contain ursular acid, which has an anti-inflammatory effect to promote wound healing. Cranberries increase the strength of the blood capillary walls.

Cranberries are harvested in autumn and spring after the snow melts. You can collect it in September not quite ripe, since it ripens during storage. You can also pick it in late autumn, when the swamps are frozen and the berries are slightly frozen. Snowy cranberries, harvested in spring, are sweeter and tastier, but contain less vitamin C. Due to the high content of benzoic acid, cranberries remain fresh throughout the year.

Unwashed and undamaged cranberries can be kept on the balcony or in the cellar until spring. While it is not cold, they put it in water, and with the onset of frost, the water is drained, the berry is frozen. When stored this way, cranberries retain their flavor and nutrients - glucose, fructose and minerals.

The introduction of cranberries into culture

In connection with the reduction of natural resources of bog cranberry, a lot of attention has recently been paid to its introduction into culture. In Russia, work on the creation of varieties of marsh cranberries, varied in shape and size, began relatively recently. Employees of the Karelian branch of the Academy of Sciences found in nature forms of marsh cranberries weighing 2.6-3.3 g, which are not inferior in size to large-fruited cranberries. They have identified seven very promising forms.

According to the Novosibirsk Botanical Garden of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences, plants with a double number of chromosomes and large berries are found in nature. Several varieties of large-fruited marsh cranberries have also been produced in Estonia.

Planting cranberries

Marsh cranberries, like large-fruited, are propagated by cuttings, which are taken from plants in early spring or late autumn. Cuttings 15-20 cm long are planted directly into the prepared soil to a depth of 12-13 cm, three pieces per hole or in greenhouses with a mixture of peat and sand. Fruiting usually occurs in the second or third year after planting. Cuttings are taken from plants with large berries and good shoot growth. It is advisable to mulch cranberries with a layer of sphagnum moss 2-3 cm. This contributes to its better rooting and preservation of soil moisture. In autumn, the topsoil is covered with river sand by 5-10 cm. In the spring, it protects it from temperature fluctuations, when the soil from above freezes at night, and thaws during the day, which adversely affects the rooting of cranberries. The light layer of sand reflects the hot rays of the sun, preventing the soil from overheating. It also makes it easier to control weeds. Marsh cranberries can also be grown on peat. Some gardeners claim that it grows in culture and in poor, light, moist soils.

Studies by Karelian scientists have shown that cranberries succeed best at a groundwater level at a depth of 30-40 cm.With sufficient and regular watering, it develops successfully even at a groundwater level of 50-100 cm. On household plots, it is desirable to maintain peat moisture within 50- 60% of the total moisture content of peat.

Cranberries begin to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting. Cranberry during flowering in late May - early June and during the fruiting period creates a wonderful decorative carpet. Therefore, it makes sense to create it not only because of the berries. Cranberry meadows look great in humid places covered with natural moss or decoratively laid.

Marsh cranberries are winter-hardy, but with late spring frosts, cranberry flowers sometimes freeze slightly. The berries ripen in late August - early September. The diameter of the fruit ranges from 0.5 to 1.8 cm with a weight of 0.5-1.9 g.

American large cranberry

Since 1812, the USA has accumulated extensive experience in the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries. There are plantations that have been bearing fruit for 170 years. I was able to get acquainted with the experience of growing large-fruited cranberries in Wisconsin. The vegetation period there is about a month longer than in the Leningrad region with the sum of positive temperatures above 10 degrees equal to 2500-3500 degrees. In the Leningrad region, this figure does not exceed 2000 degrees. When preparing a site for cranberry plantations, sand is placed in a layer of up to 7 cm, and after three years, sanding is repeated. In Russia, the site is also covered with sand with a layer of 3-5 cm.

Compared to the marsh, the North American large-fruited cranberry is distinguished by a more powerful development of shrubs. Its vegetative creeping shoots reach 50-115 cm in length. While in the marsh, they do not exceed 20 cm.

In the Leningrad region, large-fruited cranberries bloom in the second half of June - in July, that is, after the end of spring frosts. The diameter of the berries is 1.5-2 cm. Extensive research and experiments on the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries in Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine and Moscow have yielded positive results. Negative results on the cultivation of this cranberry were obtained in Estonia due to the low sum of positive temperatures. Nevertheless, the scientists of Russia concluded that the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries on personal plots is quite justified and deserves attention, but under cover.

In this cranberry, in our conditions, during spring frosts, horizontal vegetative shoots freeze to some extent. At the same time, part of the leaves falls off, but they quickly recover. Flower buds are satisfactorily preserved. E. Regel, the founder of the Russian Society of Gardeners, brought large-fruited cranberries to Russia in 1871. He proved that the new berry plant is suitable for cultivation in our climatic conditions.

Currently, there are about 200 varieties of large-fruited cranberries at the disposal of gardeners in the world, differing in the density of berries on the stem, the height of the bush, the length of the stem, the size of the berries, etc.

Create a cranberry

To create a cranberry bed, prepare a special bed - a 150 cm wide trench with a 50-55 cm bedding layer of peat. At the bottom, arrange a 5 cm drainage layer. In sandy soil, cover the bottom with plastic wrap. Fill the trench completely with high-moor peat, moisten it abundantly. Reinforce the edges of the trench with boards that protrude 5-7 cm above it to prevent the heavier and more alkaline soil from slipping during rain.

Good results are obtained by mulching the soil. Plant marsh cranberries in a prepared trench in three rows with a distance of 15-20 cm between holes, and large-fruited in two rows with a distance of 20-30 cm. Plant 2-3 cuttings 5-7 cm long in one hole. Erect shoots take root more easily than creeping ones. Harvest the cuttings during the period of intensive plant growth. Leave one leaf when planting above the ground. When caring for plantings, abundant watering is required, keeping the substrate constantly moist.

The Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of Latvia recommends during the intensive growth of cranberries - at the end of May - June to fertilize the plantings with nitrogen / (3 g), phosphorus (5 g) and potassium (8 g) per 1 square meter of the garden or with a complex mineral fertilizer with microelements. Cranberries do not tolerate excess fertilizer well, so fertilize carefully. Do not use chlorine fertilizer. Apply all fertilizers in several steps.

Cranberries are heavily weed-affected. The main way to deal with them is by hand weeding. This work can be facilitated by mulching the area with a 2-3 cm layer of peat.

Large-fruited cranberry disease - gordoniosis. It causes softening, wateriness and yellowing of the berries. To prevent the disease a month before the berries ripen, treat the plantings with a 1% solution of copper sulfate.

Using cranberries

Cranberries are used fresh and frozen for the preparation of juice, fruit drink, kvass, jelly, preserves, jam, marshmallows. In the confectionery industry, it is used to make sweets. Good wines, liqueurs and liqueurs are made from cranberries. Here are some recipes for home cooking.

Cranberry juice

Put 200 g of sugar in one liter of squeezed juice, put on fire, bring to a boil, pour into boiled bottles. After cooling, seal with boiled plugs. Freeze the remaining cranberry mass again and use if necessary.

Cranberry Jam with Apples

Wash the apples, peel and seed nest, cut into slices, blanch in boiling water for 8-10 minutes until softened. Mix with cranberries and cook until tender. Add a little vanilla, cinnamon, or cloves for aroma at the end of the boil, if needed.

For 1 kg of apples and berries, take 1.5 kg of sugar.

Cranberry drink

Blanch 1 kg of cranberries in boiling water for two minutes. Mash the berries. Add 2.5-3 liters of water cooled to 60 degrees after blanching and 200-300 g of sugar. Mix the mass thoroughly and incubate for 6-8 hours. Filter through two layers of cheesecloth. Pour into bottles and cork them.

Tamara Soboleva


7. Picking berries

Collecting cranberries is carried out in several stages, very carefully so as not to crush the berries, then they are kept fresh for a long time in the refrigerator. Only early varieties are harvested unripe, which are ripened after a few weeks. Late varieties for fresh storage in the refrigerator for up to three months must be harvested before frost.

Frozen cranberries can be stored for up to two years. Cranberries harvested after freezing are famous for their good taste, but you cannot defrost them - they will quickly deteriorate. You can pick berries in early spring from under the snow, it tastes sweet, but in terms of the content of nutrients, it is much inferior to the cranberries of the autumn harvest.


Where is the best place to place cranberries in the garden

  • loose, permeable, very acidic soil (pH 3.0 - 5.5)
  • lack of weeds, especially perennial rhizome
  • good lighting
  • groundwater no further than half a meter from the surface of the earth (in extreme cases, it can be replaced with daily abundant watering).

Cranberries need very acidic soil (pH 3.0 - 5.5)

Cranberry compatibility with other plants

Other plants from the heather family have similar requirements to cranberries: lingonberries, blueberries, blueberries, crowberry, wild rosemary, rhododendrons. The closest needs are for cranberries, blueberries and crowberries, and in nature they often grow in the neighborhood on bog bumps, in places well-lit by the sun. In the same swamps, wild rosemary grows, as well as berry herbaceous perennials from the Rosaceae family - cloudberry and prince. Blueberries are also moisture-loving, but they prefer shady forest areas. Lingonberry loves drier places and good lighting, in nature it grows in rather dry pine forests on sandy soils, therefore it is better not to plant it in the garden on the same bed with cranberries because of the different irrigation regime. Good drainage is required for rhododendrons, they cannot stand excess moisture. In natural communities, all these plants are companions of conifers (spruces, pines, larches, common juniper). When planting them in the garden, it is also advisable to add a little earth from the coniferous forest with wild heathers to ensure the presence of the necessary mycorrhiza in the soil - special underground fungi that favor root growth.

Companion plants for cranberries (photo gallery)

Small lingonberry berries with a characteristic sour taste Crowberry berries are covered with tough skin Blueberries are used for medicinal purposes Blueberries are consumed fresh, and also used to make wine Cloudberries are used in therapeutic dietary nutrition Cloudberry is a perennial herb of the northern regions The berries of the princess are outwardly similar to raspberries. Princess - tonic, good thirst quencher Marsh rosemary is used in perfumery Daurian rhododendron - evergreen shrub

You should not plant cranberries right under the crown of a tree: firstly, it needs good lighting, and secondly, powerful tree roots dry the soil very much.

When choosing neighbors for cranberries, it must be borne in mind that its long creeping shoots in good conditions grow rapidly, covering the soil surface with a solid green carpet.

Under favorable conditions, cranberry thickets are very durable and remain in one place for many decades.


1 Growing large-fruited cranberries on an industrial scale and at home

Large-fruited garden cranberries are in high demand in the market and are always in price. Needless to say, what benefits this marsh berry has! Its healing properties have been known for a long time. It is successfully used for the prevention and treatment of vitamin deficiency, for vascular and gastrointestinal disorders, to increase the protective properties of the body, removes heavy metals, toxins, and stops aging.

Cranberries are native to North America. It has adapted well to harsh climates and acidic soil. In the USA and Europe, it has been grown for more than 200 years on special plantations, creating conditions for it that are as close to natural as possible.

Video about growing cranberries

In Russia, the industrial cultivation of large-fruited varieties of garden cranberries has also recently begun to be practiced in Karelia, the Leningrad region and Kostroma. Productivity under favorable agrotechnical conditions reaches 11 tons per hectare. On their backyard plots, amateur gardeners can also get a good harvest of this berry, subject to proper agricultural technology and good care.

The main parameters of the requirements of this plant are soil pH from 3 to 4.5 and sufficient moisture. Careful preparation of the landing site will help to ensure such conditions. But the laboriousness is worth it. After all, you get a unique opportunity - to provide your family with high-vitamin berries directly from your own plot. This is still a good earning opportunity, income for those looking for a small business idea. And you can sell not only berries, but seedlings, which are in no less demand.

And although cranberries are frost-hardy and unpretentious, growing them at home is laborious in terms of providing a microclimate.But one indisputable advantage - the ability to use the plantation in the same place for several decades, makes it attractive for home gardening. This fact must be taken into account first of all when you plan your landing.

Cranberry is a moisture-loving plant. Therefore, if the level of groundwater is raised on your site, then this will be a big plus. For garden varieties, the presence of groundwater at a depth of 40-45 cm will be sufficient, and for a swamp variety - 30-35 cm. The berry grows well and bears fruit on loam, sandy loam and even acidic poor soil.

The cranberry area should be sunny but well sheltered from the wind. Garden glades among trees or shrubs, well lit by the sun, are suitable. Even in winter, the plantation will delight the eye, because it is an evergreen plant.


Growing cranberries in the garden

Everyone knows about the benefits of cranberries, but no one is in a hurry to grow it in their gardens, and many do not even suspect that it grows well in many regions of Russia. There are varieties bred specifically for these conditions. The berries of garden cranberries are larger than wild ones, have different colors and shapes (from round to pear-shaped.

Instruction Try growing cranberries in your garden. To do this, in an open, sunny place, dig a trench 1 m wide and 0.25-0.3 m deep. Its length is arbitrary, but usually no more than 2.5-3 m. The walls are strengthened with boards. Coarse clean river sand is poured onto the bottom with a layer of 5-6 cm. Then it is filled with a mixture of earth and peat (1: 1). Clean free-flowing river sand is also poured onto the compacted surface in a layer of 3-5 cm. Cranberries are planted in May. Lashes are taken as planting material, which reach significant sizes. They are cut into 10 cm pieces and placed in clean cold water for 2-3 hours. It is convenient to plant cuttings (segments) using a flat fork with two horns, which is made from wood chips. First, rows are marked with distances of 20-25 cm from one another. Then a stalk is placed across the row. The fork is placed in the middle of the cutting and pressed into the sand. Its two ends, 2 cm each, should remain on the surface. The next stalk is placed at a distance of 15 cm from the first, etc. For the first two weeks, planting is watered 2-3 times a week. Then watering is reduced to one time. A film is stretched over the bed. As soon as the cuttings take root and give new shoots, the film is removed. When the shoots reach 20 cm, they are laid in free places and pinned to the ground with hooks. Very soon the cranberries will grow and form a continuous carpet, but they will begin to bear fruit no earlier than 2-3 years later. If the shoots grow poorly in the first year after planting, the cranberries should be fed with a very weak mullein solution (dilute 1 glass of infusion with 10 liters of water). In the first winter after planting, the garden bed should be well covered. Small spruce branches are laid on the plants, then dry leaves (20 cm). A film is stretched over the shelter in arcs so that moisture from rain and snow does not penetrate the garden bed. Mature, well-developed plants give a bountiful harvest. In good conditions, it is possible to collect up to 3 kg of berries from one square meter. Cranberries can also be propagated by seeds. For this, the berries are kept in the refrigerator until the end of February. Then, seeds are isolated from them and sown in small dishes in a mixture of peat and river sand. Seedlings dive at distances of 4-5 cm and are grown in greenhouses or in apartments. When the seedlings get stronger (in the month of May), they are planted on a bed prepared in the open field.

Why can not marsh cranberries grow in the garden or what you need to know for the successful cultivation of this berry? Many gardeners who want to grow this forest delicacy on their site believe that garden and forest cranberries are one and the same. In fact, swamp cranberries are not the ancestor of cultivated cultivars. And, in order not to make mistakes, it is worth knowing what the differences are between these species.

Types of cranberries

In the world, there are from three to five varieties of this evergreen shrub according to different classifications. Here are the main three - these are large-fruited, small-fruited and ordinary cranberries. The area of ​​the first covers the whole of New England. The second grows along the Russian part of the Arctic Circle, the third is found throughout the northern hemisphere north of the forty-fifth parallel. All of them are well resistant to cold weather, grow in swamps, not because they love the moisture and acidity of peatlands, but because other grasses refuse to grow normally in such conditions. Which removes the competition for these representatives of the heather family. But, getting into the garden, they immediately begin to suffer from the presence of other species. When breaking up your cranberry plantation, make sure that this shrub covers the entire surface of the soil, eliminating neighbors such as dandelions, plantains, and clover.

By the way, small-fruited cranberries, as the most frost-resistant, are perfect as an evergreen lawn. The whole year it does not lose its decorative effect, and in the spring it is still decorated with flowers, does not require a haircut.

Video about the cultivation of cranberries In recent years, cultivars of wild representatives of the heather family have been more and more actively introduced into our garden culture. In general, many wild berries perfectly tolerate the change of conditions from natural to garden ones, but there are also very capricious representatives among them. Such can exist only in complex natural ecosystems, in gardens they get sick, dry up, practically do not bring harvest, for example, blueberries. There are also plants that grow and bear fruit in the same way under any conditions, such a berry is drupe. But there are those that, with proper care, increase the yield increase many times over. These berries include cranberries. But it is worth noting that only American large-fruited cranberries behave this way. Our local marsh berry is also not very comfortable outside of its native swamp. Even worse, a small-fruited variety of a cranberry plant reacts to domestication. What makes an American woman so attractive to farmers?

Reasons for the Popularity of the American Cranberry Let's compare the American and European cranberry bush. Both plants braid the soil surface with a thick green carpet, pull thin twigs up to two meters long. Berries are tied on special short generative shoots. The difference between American large-fruited and European cranberries is that its fruit shoots are somewhat longer, but stand straighter and higher above the ground. This is very convenient when harvesting, especially mechanized.

[ZEBR_TAG_p> Reasons for the popularity of American cranberries Photo of American cranberries

In addition, the very fact that her berries are larger. For comparison, small-fruited cranberries growing in the north have berries only half a gram in weight. Its relative from temperate latitudes is about a gram. While American berries reach 3-4 grams. Some giant hybrids weigh 5-6 grams. The average yield of even wild non-varietal plants per square meter is 2 kg. Our bog natural plantations yield 300-400 grams.

But perhaps the biggest advantage of American women is their unpretentiousness to the environment. In order for ordinary European representatives of this subspecies of the heather family to begin to bring good yields, a lot of preparatory work needs to be done at the hacienda. Otherwise, in the absence of close to natural conditions, they will suffer and wither. Naturally, in such a state of the plantation, there is no need to wait for high yields. In addition, even if you provide your cranberries with first-class care, you will not get more berries than they bear in the swamps. Here is the fundamental difference between European women and American women. Growing in somewhat different natural landscapes, they have to compete with similar plants. That is why, when you start caring for them in your garden, they give you berries per square meter significantly more than in nature. In other words, European dwarf shrubs cannot jump over their heads, while a large-sized boat has great potential. To implement it, you need to know some of its features.

Cranberry large-fruited grows in natural conditions similar in temperature and precipitation to the Krasnodar Territory. So, if you decide to plant it on your site, then you need to carefully take care of it. North American plantations have been bearing fruit without reducing yields for 80-100 years already - a dream of our gardeners, who are forced to uproot aging trees every 10-15 years.

[ZEBR_TAG_p> Information on the note In the photo cranberries

Be serious in choosing the location of the cranberry, then your great-grandchildren will enjoy the fruits of your labors.

Now, the main aspects of agricultural technology. Briefly it looks like this:

Provide a vegetation minimum of positive temperatures. Protect from winter weathering of snow. Eliminate competition from other plants by acidifying the soil with peat. Watch out for watering in summer.

It can be shaded, but the main thing is that it is protected from the prevailing winds in winter. In winter, no snow should be blown out. Otherwise, with a small layer of winter cover, the plantation will freeze. Remember that at -24 ° C fruit buds freeze, depriving the harvest for the next year. But the main thing is to reach the sum of summer temperatures greater than 2500 ° C. from several buildings. For example, from the north there will be a wall of the tallest building, reflecting heat on the plants. From the east and west, it is also good to have a wind barrier. This way the air will be warmed up this way, creating a warmer microclimate more southerly than in your area. C in the south, partial shade of trees growing not in the immediate vicinity is appropriate. [ZEBR_TAG_p> Information on the photo note On the photo cranberry

Still, cranberries are not a watermelon, it is contraindicated to fry in the sun.

To eliminate competition with other species, it is only enough to bring the acidity of the soil to the optimum for the cranberry plantation and extreme for most other species. Perennials - the main competitors of our creeping culture, such as clover, plantain, daisies, thrive on neutral and slightly alkaline soils. We acidify the method of introducing a large amount of peat into humus, we proceed from the calculation of 20 liters per 1 square meter.

Water is another prerequisite for the successful growth of a garden cranberry. Water liberally, the more the better. Peat soil allows moisture to pass through well, retains the required amount, and then gradually releases it to the roots. Cranberry video

When choosing a variety, focus on early, mid-early, mid-season. Let's exclude late ripening ones. Here they just won't ripen properly, leaving under the snow with still green berries.

Here's what you need to know first about the types of cranberries:

Small-fruited very decorative - evergreen, hardy, with beautiful flowers, small bead-like fruits. It never freezes. Ordinary is good only in swamps. Unfortunately, it has no garden prospects. The garden cranberry is large-fruited and nothing else. Over the century and a half that have passed since the time of its domestication, many different hybrids and varietal groups have been bred.

Growing cranberries in summer cottages and garden plots, recipes from cranberries Growing and using cranberries In Europe, two types of cranberries grow - marsh cranberries and small-fruited. The third type - large-fruited cranberry - grows in North America. In nature, there is a wide variety of forms of marsh cranberry - common. It has local names - crane, snowdrop, zhuravina. Cranberry is an evergreen shrub from the Lingonberry family with creeping, creeping thin stems, with a brownish bark. The leaves are small, non-falling, leathery, folded back. Below they are covered with a waxy coating.

Cranberry flowers are small, pinkish - red, solitary or collected in inflorescences of 2-6 on long, thin pedicels, drooping. It blooms in June - July. The fruits ripen in late autumn. They are bright red, juicy, sour, spherical, rounded, oblong or pear-shaped.

In our country, cranberries are widespread in the middle and northern regions of the European part of the country, in Siberia and the Far East. It grows in abundance in wet peat bogs. In the north, it reaches the Arctic Circle.

Cranberries are widely used in everyday life. It has the unique ability to keep fresh until the next harvest. Possesses antimicrobial properties, thanks to the strong antiseptics contained in it - benzoic and chlorogenic acids. Therefore, cranberry drink is beneficial for fever, as well as for diseases of the kidneys, urinary tract and bladder. Cranberry juice with honey helps with sore throat and colds, soothes coughs. Cranberries also contain ursular acid, which has an anti-inflammatory effect to promote wound healing. Cranberries increase the strength of the blood capillary walls.

Cranberries are harvested in autumn and spring after the snow melts. You can collect it in September not quite ripe, since it ripens during storage. You can also pick it in late autumn, when the swamps are frozen and the berries are slightly frozen. Snowy cranberries, harvested in spring, are sweeter and tastier, but contain less vitamin C. Due to the high content of benzoic acid, cranberries remain fresh throughout the year.

Unwashed and undamaged cranberries can be kept on the balcony or in the cellar until spring. While it is not cold, they put it in water, and with the onset of frost, the water is drained, the berry is frozen. When stored this way, cranberries retain their flavor and nutrients - glucose, fructose and minerals.

Introduction of cranberries into cultivation Due to the reduction of natural resources of cranberries, a lot of attention has recently been paid to its introduction into cultivation. In Russia, work on the creation of varieties of marsh cranberries, varied in shape and size, began relatively recently. Employees of the Karelian branch of the Academy of Sciences found in nature forms of marsh cranberries weighing 2.6-3.3 g, which are not inferior in size to large-fruited cranberries. They have identified seven very promising forms.

According to the Novosibirsk Botanical Garden of the Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences, plants with a double number of chromosomes and large berries are found in nature. Several varieties of large-fruited marsh cranberries have also been produced in Estonia.

Planting marsh cranberries, like large-fruited, are propagated by cuttings, which are taken from plants in early spring or late autumn. Cuttings 15-20 cm long are planted directly into the prepared soil to a depth of 12-13 cm, three pieces per hole or in greenhouses with a mixture of peat and sand. Fruiting usually occurs in the second or third year after planting. Cuttings are taken from plants with large berries and good shoot growth. It is advisable to mulch cranberries with a layer of sphagnum moss 2-3 cm. This contributes to its better rooting and preservation of soil moisture. In autumn, the topsoil is covered with river sand by 5-10 cm. In the spring, it protects it from temperature fluctuations, when the soil from above freezes at night, and thaws during the day, which adversely affects the rooting of cranberries. The light layer of sand reflects the hot rays of the sun, preventing the soil from overheating. It also makes it easier to control weeds. Marsh cranberries can also be grown on peat. Some gardeners claim that it grows in culture and in poor, light, moist soils.

Studies by Karelian scientists have shown that cranberries succeed best at a groundwater level at a depth of 30-40 cm.With sufficient and regular watering, it develops successfully even at a groundwater level of 50-100 cm. On household plots, it is desirable to maintain peat moisture within 50- 60% of the total moisture content of peat.

Cranberries begin to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting. Cranberry during flowering in late May - early June and during the fruiting period creates a wonderful decorative carpet. Therefore, it makes sense to create it not only because of the berries. Cranberry meadows look great in humid places covered with natural moss or decoratively laid.

Marsh cranberries are winter-hardy, but with late spring frosts, cranberry flowers sometimes freeze slightly. The berries ripen in late August - early September. The diameter of the fruit ranges from 0.5 to 1.8 cm with a weight of 0.5-1.9 g.

American large-fruited cranberries In the United States, since 1812, extensive experience has been accumulated in the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries. There are plantations that have been bearing fruit for 170 years. I was able to get acquainted with the experience of growing large-fruited cranberries in Wisconsin. The vegetation period there is about a month longer than in the Leningrad region with the sum of positive temperatures above 10 degrees equal to 2500-3500 degrees. In the Leningrad region, this figure does not exceed 2000 degrees. When preparing a site for cranberry plantations, sand is placed in a layer of up to 7 cm, and after three years, sanding is repeated. In Russia, the site is also covered with sand with a layer of 3-5 cm.

Compared to the marsh, the North American large-fruited cranberry is distinguished by a more powerful development of shrubs. Its vegetative creeping shoots reach 50-115 cm in length. While in the marsh, they do not exceed 20 cm.

In the Leningrad region, large-fruited cranberries bloom in the second half of June - in July, that is, after the end of spring frosts. The diameter of the berries is -1.5-2 cm. Extensive research and experiments on the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries in Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine and Moscow have yielded positive results. Negative results on the cultivation of this cranberry were obtained in Estonia due to the low sum of positive temperatures. Nevertheless, the scientists of Russia concluded that the cultivation of large-fruited cranberries on personal plots is quite justified and deserves attention, but under cover.

In this cranberry, in our conditions, during spring frosts, horizontal vegetative shoots freeze to some extent. At the same time, part of the leaves falls off, but they quickly recover. Flower buds are satisfactorily preserved. E. Regel, the founder of the Russian Society of Gardeners, brought large-fruited cranberries to Russia in 1871. He proved that the new berry plant is suitable for cultivation in our climatic conditions.

Currently, there are about 200 varieties of large-fruited cranberries at the disposal of gardeners in the world, differing in the density of berries on the stem, the height of the bush, the length of the stem, the size of the berries, etc.

To create a cranberry, prepare a special bed - a trench 150 cm wide with a bedding layer of peat 50-55 cm. At the bottom, arrange a drainage layer of 5 cm. In sandy soil, cover the bottom with plastic wrap. Fill the trench completely with high-moor peat, moisten it abundantly. Reinforce the edges of the trench with boards that protrude 5-7 cm above it to prevent the heavier and more alkaline soil from slipping during rain.

Good results are obtained by mulching the soil. Plant marsh cranberries in a prepared trench in three rows with a distance of 15-20 cm between holes, and large-fruited in two rows with a distance of 20-30 cm. Plant 2-3 cuttings 5-7 cm long in one hole. Erect shoots take root more easily than creeping ones. Harvest the cuttings during the period of intensive plant growth. Leave one leaf when planting above the ground. When caring for plantings, abundant watering is required, keeping the substrate constantly moist.

The Institute of Botany of the Academy of Sciences of Latvia recommends during the intensive growth of cranberries - at the end of May - June to fertilize the plantings with nitrogen / (3 g), phosphorus (5 g) and potassium (8 g) per 1 square meter of the garden or with a complex mineral fertilizer with microelements. Cranberries do not tolerate excess fertilizer well, so fertilize carefully. Do not use chlorine fertilizer. Apply all fertilizers in several steps.

Cranberries are heavily weed-affected. The main way to deal with them is by hand weeding. This work can be facilitated by mulching the area with a 2-3 cm layer of peat.

Large-fruited cranberry disease - gordoniosis. It causes softening, wateriness and yellowing of the berries. To prevent the disease a month before the berries ripen, treat the plantings with a 1% solution of copper sulfate.

The use of cranberries Cranberries are used fresh and frozen for the preparation of juice, fruit drink, kvass, jelly, preserves, jam, marshmallows. In the confectionery industry, it is used to make sweets. Good wines, liqueurs and liqueurs are made from cranberries. Here are some recipes for home cooking.

Cranberry juice In one liter of squeezed juice, put 200 g of sugar, put on fire, bring to a boil, pour into boiled bottles. After cooling, seal with boiled plugs. Freeze the remaining cranberry mass again and use if necessary.

Cranberry jam with apples Wash the apples, peel and seed nest, cut into slices, blanch in boiling water for 8-10 minutes until softened. Mix with cranberries and cook until tender. Add a little vanilla, cinnamon, or cloves for aroma at the end of the boil, if needed.

For 1 kg of apples and berries, take 1.5 kg of sugar.

Cranberry drink Blanch 1 kg of cranberries in boiling water for two minutes. Mash the berries. Add 2.5-3 liters of water cooled to 60 degrees after blanching and 200-300 g of sugar. Mix the mass thoroughly and incubate for 6-8 hours. Filter through two layers of cheesecloth. Pour into bottles and cork them.

Garden cranberries - growing

Growing cranberries in the country has always attracted gardeners. After all, you must agree that it is convenient to pick berries on your site, and you do not need to go to the forest for this, wade through thorny thickets and be attacked by insects. Garden cranberries are a great choice for berry lovers. Large-fruited varieties reach the size of a cherry, with a diameter of 2 cm, a dark red color and a high content of benzoic acid, thanks to which cranberries are valued. An 8-10 year old plantation with an area of ​​3 square meters can yield 15 liters of berries per season.

Growing large-fruited cranberries on an industrial scale and at home ↑ Large-fruited garden cranberries are in high demand in the market and are always in price. Needless to say, what benefits this marsh berry has! Its healing properties have been known for a long time. It is successfully used for the prevention and treatment of vitamin deficiency, for vascular and gastrointestinal disorders, to increase the protective properties of the body, removes heavy metals, toxins, and stops aging.

Cranberries are native to North America. It has adapted well to harsh climates and acidic soil. In the USA and Europe, it has been grown for more than 200 years on special plantations, creating conditions for it that are as close to natural as possible.

In Russia, the industrial cultivation of large-fruited varieties of garden cranberries has also recently begun to be practiced in Karelia, the Leningrad region and Kostroma. Productivity under favorable agrotechnical conditions reaches 11 tons per hectare. On their backyard plots, amateur gardeners can also get a good harvest of this berry, subject to proper agricultural technology and good care.

The main parameters of the requirements of this plant are soil pH from 3 to 4.5 and sufficient moisture. Careful preparation of the landing site will help to ensure such conditions. But the laboriousness is worth it. After all, you get a unique opportunity - to provide your family with high-vitamin berries directly from your own plot. This is still a good earning opportunity, income for those looking for a small business idea. And you can sell not only berries, but seedlings, which are in no less demand.

And although cranberries are frost-hardy and unpretentious, growing them at home is laborious in terms of providing a microclimate. But one indisputable advantage - the ability to use the plantation in the same place for several decades, makes it attractive for home gardening. This fact must be taken into account first of all when you plan your landing.

Cranberry is a moisture-loving plant. Therefore, if the level of groundwater is raised on your site, then this will be a big plus. For garden varieties, the presence of groundwater at a depth of 40-45 cm will be sufficient, and for a swamp variety - 30-35 cm. The berry grows well and bears fruit on loam, sandy loam and even acidic poor soil.

The cranberry area should be sunny but well sheltered from the wind. Garden glades among trees or shrubs, well lit by the sun, are suitable. Even in winter, the plantation will delight the eye, because it is an evergreen plant.

Preparing a site for a plantation ↑ Growing a cranberry plantation in a garden begins with a thorough preparation of the garden. This process depends on what type of soil you have on the site. Peat soils with a shallow groundwater table require a minimum application of forces. In this case, you can do with the usual loosening with the introduction of river sand and cleaning the beds from weeds.

If the soil in the garden is not suitable for cranberries, the general procedure for the preparatory work is as follows:

the optimal size of the cranberry is 140 cm x 400 cm or more, but you can be guided by your own conditions, the main thing is to provide access to the plant without trampling on the beds, remove the top layer of fertile soil, 30-40 cm thick, add 1 part of high peat to 2 parts of the earth, you can mixture of horseback with low-lying we deepen the pit to a depth of 50 cm, if the soil is heavy clay we install wooden or plastic boards protruding 20-25 cm above the surface, we lay drainage at the bottom of the pit, with a layer of 10 cm, then the film in the holes made in it for the drainage of excess moisture with a layer in 15-20 cm we put chopped branches, leaves, grass residues, sprinkle with humus from horse manure, moisten further to the top, fill the foundation pit with sour peat with the addition of sand (3 to 1) it is good to add 1 more part of compost from horse manure and 1 part of semi-rotted pine sawdust upper layer - soil mixed with peat and fresh sawdust of coniferous species as mulch we use sand, sphagnum moss, new needles, coniferous sawdust (depending on your capabilities). Soil acidity is the main requirement for a good yield of beaks. Therefore, annual fertilization (sprinkling, mulching) with peat and pine sawdust, together with regular abundant watering, will become a natural factor supporting the fertility of the berry.

Growing large-fruited cranberries from seedlings ↑ There are 4 types of cranberries, among which 2 are large-fruited and marsh, grown in conditions of industrial and home farming. Recently, early ripe large-fruited varieties of American, Polish and Belarusian selection have been popular among amateur gardeners.

Cranberry seedlings are best purchased from specialized farms, where advanced technologies for obtaining clean planting material are applied. They can be with closed and open root systems. They can also be of 3 age categories:

seedlings in cassettes for growing, young, aged from 7 to 9 months, seedlings planted in small pots, aged from 1 to 1.5 years, adult seedlings from 2 to 2.5 years. The older the seedlings, the more expensive the planting material. If you are not ready to wait 3-4 years for a harvest, try to find 4-5 year old planting material with a closed root system.

Planting and caring for seedlings ↑ We plant cranberry seedlings in May, in loose, airy, slightly moist and very acidic soil. We prepare the hole a little larger than the planting pot in which the young plant is located. We take out the seedling from the pot and, without breaking the coma, set it in the hole. Sprinkle with water, sprinkle with soil, mulch. Usually, the plant takes root well with such a transplant.

The watering rate for cranberries is high, the soil under it should always be moist. At least once a week, it needs to be poured heavily, and a good layer of mulch will keep the humidity for several days before the next watering. In the heat, cranberries are watered daily.

During the growing season, once every 2 weeks, cranberries are fed with solutions of complex mineral fertilizers and poured with water acidified with citric acid (1 teaspoon per 3 liters of water), table vinegar (100 ml per 10 liters of water). But you can not do this in the first 2-3 years, when there is still a sufficient amount of acids in the soil.

Cranberry. Care, cultivation, reproduction. Garden plants.

May 12, 2011 ... I won't say that I have learned all the secrets of growing cranberries, but some experience ... Firstly, I mercilessly cut it into cuttings without giving it away. http://www.botanichka.ru/blog/2011/05/12/cranberry-3/comment-page-1/

In the first 3 years of plant life, only weakly developed shoots are removed. When the planting is compacted, it becomes multi-tiered, we begin the thinning haircut. The main rule for the formation of a cranberry plant for better fruiting is to remove the creeping horizontal shoots and stimulate the vertical ones. Such procedures are carried out in spring or autumn. This will give more nutrition to the fruit buds and form large fruits.

If your climatic zone is characterized by winters with little snow, after abundant watering in late autumn, the cranberries are covered with a loose layer of peat. This will be both a reliable shelter and food for the next year. It is not necessary to rake the covering layer in the spring. Plants will sprout themselves through the peat.

Large-fruited garden cranberries »Fazenda-online / website about.

5 Jul 2012… Reproduction Large-fruited cranberries are propagated by seeds and vegetatively (cuttings). Seed reproduction. http://www.fazenda-online.ru/garden/1173-klyukva-krupnoplodnaya.html

There is another interesting way to protect the plantation from freezing of the soil - layer-by-layer freezing. At an air temperature of -5 ° C, the bed is filled with water with a layer of 2 cm and ice is allowed to form. After a while, the pouring procedures are repeated until the vegetative part of the plants is completely covered. Under such a shelter, the plants overwinter well. In the spring, excess moisture will need to be drained so as not to provoke the formation of mold.

Propagation of cranberries by cuttings and seeds Such rooted young can be separated and grown in containers or in a permanent place.

Also, this culture is excellent cuttings. For this purpose, cuttings are cut and planted in moist soil mulched with a layer of sand. To maintain sufficient humidity in the environment, the planting is covered with foil and watered regularly. After 20-25 days, the cuttings will take root and give lateral shoots.

Growing cranberries from seeds is only justified if you want to get plants for decorative purposes. Varietal properties during seed reproduction are not always preserved, besides, it will take a long time to wait for the harvest, about 5-6 years, and even then with good care. Cranberry seeds should be refrigerated for 3 months at + 3 ° C. But even with such preparation, do not expect that they will give amicable shoots. In the first year, seedlings will require a lot of your attention. And if you don't have the time and patience, seed cranberries are not for your case. It is much easier to grow it from a cutting or buy a ready-made seedling.

Grow your cranberries by following these simple rules and they will reward you with a generous harvest of vitamin berries.


Basics of Landscape Design. Garden style and design

With the help of the proposed video tutorial, you will get acquainted with the various options for garden styles that are used in summer cottages and garden plots.They will tell and show you examples of the "Art Garden", "Romantic Garden", "Garden of Continuous Blossom" and "Garden of Rest". You will be able to realize what you have seen on your site, designed for relaxation and enjoyment of life. You can get more detailed information by watching the video tutorial “Basics of Landscape Design. Garden Style and Design ”online at any time.


Watch the video: Cranberry Farming Start to Finish. Jacob Searls Cranberry Co. Luke Parmeter Productions


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