Plants help create a unique atmosphere, improve mood, heal and oxygenate the air. Therefore, today we will arrange a sightseeing tour of the world of unpretentious indoor plants.
They can be grown by any novice florist, and for a person far from the world of plants, they will be ideal plants for landscaping the interior - they do not require any special worries and hassles and at the same time grow well. They are best placed in the office.
Chlorophytum comosum is very popular among flower growers. This plant with green or white-green leaves collected in a rosette is very decorative, it can grow both in warm rooms and in cool ones. It will be content with little lighting, however, variegated varieties are more demanding on light and, with a lack of it, become simply green. Easily propagated by daughter rosettes growing in large quantities, it is enough just to plant them in light nutritious soil.
Cissus rhombifolia (Cissus rhombifolia) is also often found with beautiful dark green leaves, consisting of three diamond-shaped leaves. This woody vine tolerates shaded areas and dry air well. With uniform watering and fertilizing with fertilizers, it grows very well. For better branching, the cissus is pinched, and over time it will need a support to which it will cling to its antennae. With the help of cissus, you can arrange a small green screen that separates part of the room or one workplace from another.
Indispensable ampel plants are Tradescantia and Zebrina - with their long drooping stems with bright colorful leaves, they can hide unsightly places, decorate corners and create a green veil. These plants tolerate dry air well, are undemanding to soil and lighting. Species and varieties with variegated leaves are best kept in a lighter room, otherwise they will lose their bright color and turn green. Watering Tradescantia and Zebrins should be sparingly, if desired, spray. They almost never get sick and are not affected by pests. Propagated by cuttings that quickly take root in water or earth.
Another beautiful ampelous plant is ivy (Hedera helix). Its leaves come in a variety of colors, shapes and sizes, so you will definitely find a copy to your taste. Leathery three to five-lobed leaves can be rounded or star-shaped, green, with yellow, cream or white spots, streaks, stripes. Green-leaved forms are very shade-tolerant, variegated ones are more whimsical. Ivy needs regular watering, moderate temperature and humidity. Top dressing is very rare, with an excess of fertilizer, the leaves lose their variegated color. If the tips of the leaves begin to dry out, this suggests that the room is very dry and the plant needs spraying. Ivy can be easily propagated at any time of the year, you just need to cut off the stalk and put it in a jar of water, where it will give roots.
Peperomia from the Pepper family are also very undemanding plants. They are very different - in the form of a bush, ampelous or erect. Their leaves are oval, cordate, rounded, with white spots or silvery stripes, smooth, pubescent, wrinkled.
Peperomias like diffused light or partial shade, warmth, in winter the temperature should not fall below 12-16 ° C. In summer, watered moderately and regularly, the soil should dry out between waterings. In winter, the amount of water is reduced, its excess will lead to decay of the roots. Only drafts and low temperatures should be avoided. Reproduction is very easy - stem and leaf cuttings.
Most ficuses (Ficus) are undemanding to care for and will feel great in not very bright rooms. Unlike ficus, figs (fig trees) require good lighting for well-being. Tropical species will tolerate wintering well at room temperature or slightly lower (16-20 ° C):
- Ficus rubber (F. elastica) has large oval dark green or variegated leaves. Shade-tolerant, tolerates dry air well. Requires regular watering, in winter the amount of water is reduced. With excessive watering, leaves turn yellow and fall off, black spots appear on them.
- Ficus Benjamina (F. benjamina) is an evergreen tree or shrub with thin drooping shoots and green or variegated small oval leaves with a pointed tip. In winter, with intensively working batteries, it is advisable to spray it, it does not tolerate overdrying of an earthen coma. But at the same time it is also shade-tolerant.
- Very beautiful ficus lyre (F. lyrata) with large, up to 60 cm long, leaves, shaped like a lyre or a guitar. It is shade-tolerant, requires regular watering, more abundant in summer. It can grow very large, so it is best to keep it in spacious rooms. All these ficuses are formed by pinching for better and even development of the crown.
Figs (F. carica) require cooler wintering. This ficus grows very well in winter gardens and on heated loggias, where it is possible to maintain a temperature of 8-10 ° C in winter. At this time, there is a partial fall of leaves, a small period of dormancy begins. Watering at this time is necessarily reduced.
A very common ficus tiny (F. pumila) with small white-green leaves will adapt to room temperature and will grow well in partial shade. But high humidity is desirable for him.
Monstera. This large vine with whole, perforated or split leaves is simply the queen of the northern windows. It is unpretentious, withstands dry air, lack of lighting and temperature changes. In summer, it requires additional fertilizing and abundant watering, in winter it is rarely watered. Hibernates at room temperature.
Dieffenbachia (Dieffenbachia) is extremely shade-tolerant, unpretentious and stable in culture. This tall, non-branching plant with large mottled leaves will be appropriate in large rooms with a constant temperature. Watering dieffenbachia needs moderate, drainage at the bottom of the pot is required, otherwise the roots or trunk will begin to rot. Frequent spraying is desirable, since the homeland of this plant is the humid tropics of America.
Dracaena grows beautifully all year round in warm rooms, where the temperature does not drop below 18 degrees. These plants are shade-tolerant, but they acquire a more decorative appearance in the light. Specimens with variegated leaves lose their color in the shade. Dracaena bordered (D. mar-ginata) and fragrant dracaena (D. fragrans) can grow in the shade. Watering is moderate, with too abundant winter, the death of the plant is possible.
Cordyline similar to dracaena grow in light shade and are also quite unpretentious. Cordilina, in contrast to dracaena, has petioled leaves with a well-defined main vein and lateral veins extending from it at an acute angle and creeping fleshy rhizomes with white roots. Due to the natural fall of the leaves, the trunk is bare, and dracaena and cordilina over time become like small palms. Cordilins require regular watering and spraying. If the air in the room is very dry, the edges and tips of the leaves turn brown.
Sansevieria grows well in low pots in dense clay soil. Prefers diffused lighting; in bright sunlight, the color of the leaves fades. Resistant to dry air. Watering should be moderate, with an excess of water, especially in winter, root decay and plant death often occur. The soil must dry out between waterings. Its long fleshy leaves with yellow-white stripes or border look very original in the interior.
If you have an aquarium at home, put it next to ferns maidenhair (Adiantum) and nephrolepis (Nephrolepis)... They are unpretentious, grow in a bright place, but without direct sunlight. They hibernate at room temperature. Water them more often and try to keep the earthen coma from drying out completely. The aquarium will provide the necessary humidity for the ferns, and you will only have to admire their beautiful openwork leaves.
The most famous of the unpretentious flowers is kosmeya. Gardeners are often discouraged by the high growth of cosmos, but now there are a large number of varieties, including dwarf ones, with a height of only 30 centimeters. The colors and shapes of the flower are also very diverse. For example, in the variety "Shell", each petal is wrapped inward, like a seashell. There are both terry varieties and varieties with just the same huge flowers.
Eschsholzia will invariably delight the eye with bright colors. And not only the usual orange ones. New varieties of Escholzia delight the eye in a variety of shades from milky to deep burgundy and purple.
Digitalis. For this beautiful "capricious" before sowing, it is necessary to add sand for digging. It is best to sow foxglove before the rain, then the seedlings will be friendly, and the flowering will be long and active.
Turkish carnation will decorate any garden not only with a beautiful active flowering, but also with a delicate pleasant aroma. Monochromatic meadows of these flowers look very beautiful.
Alyssum is a ground cover plant. It smells unusually! And not necessarily white. The trend of recent years has been to plant ampelous varieties of alissum in hanging pots and wall flowerpots.
Purslane will not grow on humus-rich and moist soils. But on dry hillocks, it covers the ground with a beautiful living carpet. Simple non-double varieties are also easy to grow from lost seeds.
Petunias with a simple flower easily sprout by self-seeding. Due to the long growing season, they will please with flowering only by the end of July, but they will easily tolerate the first light frosts and remain beautiful until the very cold weather. Unfortunately, variegated varieties are pollinated by self-sowing and lose varietal characteristics.
If you decide to braid a gazebo, a canopy or an arch in the garden, Echinocystis, a wild cucumber, will help you with this with great pleasure. Very violent. Liana will give you an abundance of openwork shadow from the foliage and the scent of honey from small barely noticeable flowers. And the harvest of small fruits, similar to thorny thick cucumbers.
These are just a few examples of beautiful and unpretentious flowers for a garden and a summer residence. Choose according to your taste, sow with love, and they will delight you with beautiful and long flowering with minimal labor costs.
Many are afraid to start houseplants in the house, because they think that many exotic species require constant care and attention. In fact, some people from the tropics are very unpretentious and require minimal care.
See what 5 types of plants even the lazy can grow.
1) Monstera - this exotic liana tolerates temperature changes, poor watering and any location in the apartment. In many ways, aerial roots help her to be so adapted to life.
2) Ficus Benjamin will grow well if placed in the eastern or western half of the house so that no direct sunlight falls on the leaves.
3) Dollar tree, or zamiokulkas, loves an abundance of light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight, feels good even in the depths of the room, does not need frequent watering.
4) Croton will fit into any interior, while the plant does not need specific care. Its crown will be bright under the condition of diffused lighting. The flower will be lush and beautiful if planted in fertile soil and watered moderately.
5) Spathiphyllum, or Women's happiness, although it is an exotic plant, it does not require much from the owners: moderate watering and room temperatures from 18 to 20 degrees Celsius, as well as periodic spraying.
Flowers and plants in the apartments create comfort and a small green island of health for us. But be careful and careful when choosing them if you have a curious cat.
Place or hang your favorite plants away from your favorite pets.
In a situation similar to poisoning, let the kitten drink a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate - you can pour it into the mouth from the side using a syringe. Do not trigger cases of poisoning, go straight to the vet or call for advice. It is better if you name the type of plant exactly or show it (or part) to the doctor.
There is one more simple tool you can use to keep your favorite plants safe from curious kittens: double-sided sticky tape. You will find such a tape at a pet store or in a construction department. It needs to be wrapped around a flower pot. Cats will not like her specific smell or the feeling of stickiness on their paws. By the way, such a tape will help to wean your pet from scratching furniture or "going to the toilet" in the wrong place.
After winter, all plants that are safe for cats will be able to decorate your garden in the country. Just do not forget to harden them before moving them to the garden in order to accustom them to the bright sun and other temperatures.
Cutting is one of the most popular breeding methods for indoor plants. And this is not surprising, since by this method, without damaging the mother plant, you can get large and rapidly growing offspring. And although there is nothing difficult in the usual rooting under the hood, there are some indoor plants that will not cause even minimal hassle. The most unpretentious crops do not require almost any effort to root cuttings: after all, roots on their shoots appear even in water.
Cutting indoor plants. © lenna pettersson
Cutting is one of the main methods of propagation not only for garden plants, but also for indoor plants. Of course, among the vegetative methods there are also simpler procedures - in particular, the separation of adult bushes. But it is cuttings that are most often used both on an industrial scale in crop production and at home.
The main advantage of cuttings is rightfully considered the minimum harm caused to the plant itself. Only a few shoots are cut into cuttings (with the exception of replacing uterine bushes in annual species), this procedure does not cause serious injury to the plant and does not lead to inhibition of its growth. But there are other pluses:
Plants that are easiest to graft are some of the most popular. This is not surprising.The choice of indoor crops, which are easy to root and reproduce, allows you to study the peculiarities of plant propagation, to quickly restore neglected, replace old and “out of shape” specimens, even with minimal knowledge and experience.
The ease of cutting directly depends on which cuttings can be cut from a houseplant. For reproduction, you can use:
If you want to get new plants with the help of cuttings without much effort, then first of all you should pay attention to the crops that are propagated by apical cuttings. But even among crops that can be grafted with leaves or stems, there are those that take root with astonishing ease.
Propagation of indoor plants by cuttings
Apical cuttings - An excellent breeding method for most indoor vines. It is easy to get new plants by cutting off the tops of shoots in cissus, epipremnum, ivy, hoya, salinostemon and tradescantia. It is also easy to root the tops of the shoots of peperomia, Benjamin's ficus, satiety, balsams, African sparmania, etc.
Leafy cuttings and at all allow you to get new plants from a single leaf or even part of it. This is how it is most productive to propagate sansevieria, begonia, saintpaulia, streptocarpus, jerky, rubber-bearing ficus, echeveria. Parts of leaves and stems root well in succulents or cacti.
Stem cuttings always seem to be a more difficult method of propagation, but not for plants that are easily rooted in any conditions. It is to them that yuccas and dracaena belong, which quickly give roots even on pieces of the stem.
Let's take a closer look at a dozen indoor plants that are the easiest to graft. Cuttings cut from them take root amazingly quickly even in plain water, and the offspring is developing so actively that after a couple of months you can admire the highly decorative plant.
For a list of indoor plants that are easy to get from cuttings, see the next page.
Despite the unusual name, you have probably come across this plant. Its distinguishing feature is its breeding method. Long stems grow from the main plant, at the ends of which baby plants grow. These shoots need to be placed in water, and when they take root, they can be planted in soil. Spider leaves look very interesting due to the variegated colors. It is desirable to maintain constant moisture in the soil. If chlorophytum lacks moisture, its leaves will begin to fade. After normalization of humidity, the leaves will regain their previous color.
Another name is dragon tree. Does not require special care: it grows for a long time in the same soil, does not need an annual transplant, watering 1-2 times a week.
The ideal conditions for ficus are warmth and plenty of light. But even in partial shade, it will grow well. Monitor the condition of the soil in the pot: if the top layer is dry, then it's time to water the plant. It is advisable to wipe the leaves with a damp cloth at least once a month.
Regular watering, plenty of light and spraying is all this beautiful plant with unusual heart-shaped leaves requires. There are varieties with white-green and pink leaves. Syngonium can be grown on the floor on a vertical support.
One of the few flowering plants that does not require maintenance. Geranium will forgive its owner for dry air, bright sunlight, cold, lack of fertilizing, transplanting and spraying. The only thing this flower needs is abundant watering.
The plant loves diffused light, but it may well grow in partial shade and even shade. Watering - once a week in winter and every three days in summer. It is not afraid of drafts, it is unpretentious to the ground, but it has a negative attitude towards abundant watering. Wipe dust off the leaves from time to time. This flower will look good in wicker baskets.
The flower feels great both in bright light and in the shade, it is not picky about the ground. The plant is afraid of waterlogging and drafts. Watering - as the soil dries, fertilization - once a month. It cleans the air from soot well, so it is better to place it in the kitchen.
Crassula (money tree)
Even not too lucky growers will be able to take care of Crassula. Good lighting, watering once a week in the summer and once a month in the winter, fertilizing 3 times during the summer will not make it particularly difficult for the owner. It is not necessary to spray the plant, but it is better to wipe the leaves from dust more often.
The appearance of this indoor plant is not for everybody, but the lack of special care will delight novice florists. Since the plant loves light, it is better to place it on the windowsill. Use a succulent soil, do not water too much. Fertilize once a summer with a liquid compound feed. The leaves of the plant are very brittle, so we do not advise you to constantly touch and rearrange the flower.
Previously, this houseplant was considered more medicinal than decorative. Now the opposite is true. Caring for aloe is the easiest. This is a substrate for succulents, watering as the soil dries and good lighting without direct sunlight.
First of all, we note that perennials have many advantages and are divided into short, medium and tall. If you want to create a beautiful and harmonious flower bed in the garden, you must take into account not only the flowering time of the flowers, but also their height. Where to buy flower seeds or seedlings? Experts advise giving preference to shops over spontaneous markets and dubious sellers. It is there that you can buy high-quality planting material, which will definitely be accepted and give a good result.
Variety is welcome in the garden, so you can combine planting tall and low-growing varieties. But the space that arises between them should be filled with ground cover perennials - flowers that creep along the ground, are very fond of shade and bloom beautifully in the absence of sunlight. It is not recommended to plant them outdoors, preferring areas under trees. Consider the most popular types of flowers:
You can also plant bulbous perennials in the garden. They do not need special, complex care, they easily endure winter and an unfavorable climate. The most common are:
So, what to plant unpretentious flowers for the garden long-flowering only your desire is needed. We hope that our tips will help you become the owner of a beautiful and bright flower bed.